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Coolidge
City
Original 1939 Coolidge High School
Original 1939 Coolidge High School
Nickname(s): 
C-Town
Location of Coolidge in Pinal County, Arizona
Location of Coolidge in Pinal County, Arizona
Coolidge, Arizona is located in Arizona
Coolidge, Arizona
Coolidge, Arizona
Location in Arizona
Coolidge, Arizona is located in the United States
Coolidge, Arizona
Coolidge, Arizona
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Arizona
County Pinal
Founded 1925
Incorporated 1945
Government
 • Type City
Area
 • Total 83.05 sq mi (215.11 km2)
 • Land 82.89 sq mi (214.69 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)  0%
Elevation
1,427 ft (435 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 13,218
 • Density 159.46/sq mi (61.57/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) no DST
ZIP code
85128
Area code(s) 520
FIPS code 04-15500
GNIS ID 3195

Coolidge is a city in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 census, the city's population is 11,825.

Coolidge is home of the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. The monument was the first historic site to receive protected status by the United States Government in 1892. Coolidge is also home to both Central Arizona College and the Central Arizona Valley Institute of Technology.

History

Coolidge was founded in 1925 and incorporated as a city in 1945. It is named for Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President of the United States.

The town was home to a station for Amtrak.

Geography

Coolidge is located at 32°58′38″N 111°31′23″W / 32.97722°N 111.52306°W / 32.97722; -111.52306 (32.977105, -111.522933). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), all of it land.

Arizona Highway 87 and Arizona Highway 287 pass through the town. Coolidge is 56 miles (90 km) southeast of Phoenix, and 69 miles (111 km) northwest of Tucson. It is 21 miles (34 km) northeast of Casa Grande and 11 miles southwest of Florence. Picacho Reservoir is just 11 miles (18 km) south of town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 4,990
1970 5,314 6.5%
1980 6,851 28.9%
1990 6,934 1.2%
2000 7,786 12.3%
2010 11,825 51.9%
2020 13,218 11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,786 people, 2,585 households, and 1,938 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,549.1 people per square mile (597.7/km2). There were 3,212 housing units at an average density of 639.1 per square mile (246.6/km2).

The racial makeup of the city was 57.9% White, 8.3% Black or African American, 5.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 23.6% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. 39.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,585 households, out of which 38.5% had children under age 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.44.

Coolidge, Arizona. Main street of Coolidge on Saturday afternoon during cotton harvest. - NARA - 522056
Main street of Coolidge on a Saturday afternoon during cotton harvest (ca. 1922–1953)

In the city, the population was spread out, with 32.9% under age 18, 10.4% aged 18–24, 24.4% aged 25–44, 18.9% aged 45–64, and 13.4% who were aged 65 years or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,049, and the median income for a family was $33,536. Males had a median income of $29,159 versus $21,472 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,663. About 20.9% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.9% of those under age 18 and 20.5% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010, Coolidge had a population of 11,825. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 43.6% non-Hispanic white, 7.3% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Hispanic blacks, 3.8% non-Hispanic Native American, 1.9% Hispanic or Latino Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic from some other race, 5.0% from two or more races and 42.0% Hispanic or Latino.

Historic properties


Economy

Up until the 1950s, the city's economy was completely dependent on mining and cotton. It has since diversified to include manufacturing, regional trade, and services for agricultural producers and farm families.

In 2019, Nikola Motor Company purchased 389 acres (157 ha) in Coolidge to start building a factory that will produce zero-emissions heavy trucks by 2021.

Education

  • Coolidge High School, a high school located in the central part of the city.
  • West Elementary School, a K-6 school located in the western part of the city.
  • Imagine Schools Coolidge Elementary, a K-5 charter school located in the northern part of the city.
  • Imagine Prep Coolidge, a 6–12 charter school located adjacent to Imagine Coolidge Elementary.
  • Central Arizona College
  • Central Arizona Valley Institute of Technology

Transportation

The City of Coolidge operates the Cotton Express, which provides local bus service. The City of Coolidge also operates Central Arizona Regional Transit (CART), which provides transportation between Florence, Coolidge, Central Arizona College and Casa Grande.

The town was home to a station for Amtrak; it closed in June 1996.

The Coolidge Municipal Airport, which has two asphalt runways, is located 5 miles (8.0 km) southeast of the city and had 56,050 aircraft operations in the yearly period ending April 2, 2020. The closest major airports to Coolidge are Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport and Tucson International Airport. Casa Grande Shuttle provides an airport shuttle to Sky Harbor.

Notable people

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