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Cramerton, North Carolina
Official seal of Cramerton, North Carolina
Seal
Location of Cramerton, North Carolina
Location of Cramerton, North Carolina
Country  United States
State  North Carolina
County Gaston
Area
 • Total 4.14 sq mi (10.72 km2)
 • Land 3.84 sq mi (9.94 km2)
 • Water 0.30 sq mi (0.78 km2)
Elevation
620 ft (189 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,165
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,458
 • Density 1,160.94/sq mi (448.27/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
28032 and a portion of 28012
Area code(s) 704
FIPS code 37-15260
GNIS feature ID 1019843

Cramerton is a small town in Gaston County, North Carolina, United States. It is a suburb of Charlotte and located east of Gastonia. The population was 4,165 at the 2010 census. A well-known feature is the Cramer Mountain gated development, featuring homes around an 18-hole golf course at Cramer Mountain Country Club.

Geography

Cramerton is located at 35°14′12″N 81°4′26″W / 35.23667°N 81.07389°W / 35.23667; -81.07389 (35.236723, -81.073939) at an elevation of 620 feet (189 m). Two topographic high points, Berry Mountain, elevation 922 feet (281 m), and Cramer Mountain, approximate elevation 850 feet (259 m), are located in the southwestern part of town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km2), of which 3.7 square miles (9.5 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2), or 7.51%, is water.

Cramerton is bisected by the South Fork Catawba River, which makes a sharp S-curve around the center of town. Just southwest of downtown, Duharts Creek flows into the South Fork Catawba. Duharts Creek is formed by the confluence of Armstrong Branch and New Hope Branch on the western edge of town.

Cramerton town limits include a portion of zip code 28012 that encompass the neighborhood of Lakewood and Stuart W. Cramer High School on the eastern shore of the South Fork River.

History

Originally named Maysworth, the town was founded in 1906 when J.H. Mayes built a spinning mill along the banks of the South Fork of the Catawba River, just east of Gastonia. In 1910, textile engineer and Thomasville native Stuart Warren Cramer became owner and president of the mill and property. He turned the mill and the surrounding community into a model mill village. In 1922 Cramer changed the name of the mill to Cramerton Mills, and the name of the town to Cramerton. In 1923, Cramer built the Mayflower Weave Mill.

Cramer is credited with designing and equipping "about one-third of the new cotton mills in the South" between 1895 and 1915, and simultaneously acquiring extensive holdings in textile mills. Among Cramer's numerous industrial engineering patents was one for the "Cramer System of Air Conditioning", which included the automatic regulation of temperature and humidity. These early innovations in air conditioning resulted more from the need to remove lint from the air (a persistent problem in the textile mills) than to cool the factory atmosphere. The term "air conditioning" is attributed to Cramer.

In 1946 the mills and homes were sold to Burlington Industries, who in turn sold the homes to residents. The Town of Cramerton incorporated in 1967 and began providing municipal services.

The Mayworth School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 3,211
1960 3,123 −2.7%
1970 2,142 −31.4%
1980 1,869 −12.7%
1990 2,371 26.9%
2000 2,976 25.5%
2010 4,165 40.0%
Est. 2019 4,458 7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Cramerton racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 4,213 79.55%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 465 8.78%
Native American 20 0.38%
Asian 160 3.02%
Pacific Islander 1 0.02%
Other/Mixed 216 4.08%
Hispanic or Latino 221 4.17%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,296 people, 1,637 households, and 1,165 families residing in the town.

Transportation

The primary east-west highway passing through Cramerton is U.S. Route 29/U.S. Route 74 (Wilkinson Boulevard). North Carolina Highway 279 (New Hope Road) forms Cramerton's southwest border.

Freight rail service is provided by the Norfolk Southern Railway. While Amtrak's passenger train also follows the Norfolk Southern main line, the nearest station is in Charlotte. The Gastonia station is closed.

Charlotte Area Transit System's (CATS) Gastonia Express (Route 85X) offers Monday thru Friday express bus service to/from uptown Charlotte, via the Abbey Plaza Shopping Center Station in Belmont, about 3 miles (5 km) east of Cramerton.

The nearest airport is Charlotte/Douglas International Airport in Mecklenburg County, about 9.5 miles (15.3 km) east of Cramerton.

Points of interest

Mayworth School at 236 Eighth Avenue in Cramerton is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Education

Public education in Cramerton is administered by the Gaston County Schools public school system.

Elementary school-age children in Cramerton attend either New Hope Elementary School (south of Cramerton in unincorporated South Point Township), J.B. Page Elementary School (pre-K to grade 1) or Belmont Central Elementary School (grades 2-5) in Belmont, McAdenville Elementary School in McAdenville, or Gardner Park Elementary School in Gastonia.

Most middle school students attend Cramerton Middle School. Portions of the town are zoned to Holbrook Middle School in Lowell or Belmont Middle School in Belmont.

Current high school-age students attend Stuart W. Cramer High School. While the school is located in Cramerton, it has a Belmont mailing address because it is in zip code 28012, which is split between Cramerton and Belmont.

Private schools in Cramerton include Cramerton Christian Academy, with programs for Pre-K through Grade 12. It is operated by Cramerton Freewill Baptist Church.

Notable people

  • Perry Fewell, football coach
  • Rube Melton (1917–1971), a pitcher in Major League Baseball
  • George Tinkham (1870-1956), longtime Congressman known as "the conscience of the House"; resided here.
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