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Cramerton, North Carolina
Town
Official seal of Cramerton, North Carolina
Seal
Location of Cramerton, North Carolina
Location of Cramerton, North Carolina
Country  United States
State  North Carolina
County Gaston
Area
 • Total 4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)
 • Land 3.7 sq mi (9.5 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 620 ft (189 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,165
 • Density 1,131/sq mi (436.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28032 and a portion of 28012
Area code(s) 704
FIPS code 37-15260
GNIS feature ID 1019843

Cramerton is a small town in Gaston County, North Carolina, United States. It is a suburb of Charlotte and Gastonia. The population was 4,165 at the 2010 census. A well-known feature is the Cramer Mountain gated development featuring homes around an 18-hole golf course at Cramer Mountain Country Club.

Geography

Cramerton is located at 35°14′12″N 81°4′26″W / 35.23667°N 81.07389°W / 35.23667; -81.07389 (35.236723, -81.073939) at an elevation of 620 feet (189 m). Two topographic high points, Berry Mountain, elevation 922 feet (281 m), and Cramer Mountain, approximate elevation 850 feet (259 m), are located in the southwestern part of town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km2), of which 3.7 square miles (9.5 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2), or 7.51%, is water.

Cramerton is bisected by the South Fork Catawba River, which makes a sharp S-curve around the center of town. Just southwest of downtown, Duharts Creek flows into the South Fork Catawba. Duharts Creek is formed by the confluence of Armstrong Branch and New Hope Branch on the western edge of town.

Cramerton town limits include a portion of zip code 28012 that encompass the neighborhood of Lakewood and Stuart W. Cramer High School on the eastern shore of the South Fork River.

History

Originally named Maysworth, the town was founded in 1906 when J.H. Mayes built a spinning mill along the banks of the South Fork of the Catawba River, just east of Gastonia. In 1910, textile engineer and Thomasville native Stuart Warren Cramer became owner and president of the mill and property. He turned the mill and the surrounding community into a model mill village. In 1922 Cramer changed the name of the mill to Cramerton Mills, and the name of the town to Cramerton. In 1923, Cramer built the Mayflower Weave Mill.

Cramer is credited with designing and equipping "about one-third of the new cotton mills in the South" between 1895 and 1915, and simultaneously acquiring extensive holdings in textile mills. Among Cramer's numerous industrial engineering patents was one for the "Cramer System of Air Conditioning", which included the automatic regulation of temperature and humidity. These early innovations in air conditioning resulted more from the need to remove lint from the air (a persistent problem in the textile mills) than to cool the factory atmosphere. The term "air conditioning" is attributed to Cramer.

In 1946 the mills and homes were sold to Burlington Industries, who in turn sold the homes to residents. The Town of Cramerton incorporated in 1967 and began providing municipal services.

The Mayworth School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 3,211
1960 3,123 −2.7%
1970 2,142 −31.4%
1980 1,869 −12.7%
1990 2,371 26.9%
2000 2,976 25.5%
2010 4,165 40.0%
Est. 2015 4,328 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,976 people, 1,169 households, and 859 families residing in the town. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (321.0/km²). There were 1,229 housing units at an average density of 343.0 per square mile (132.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.12% White, 2.35% African American, 0.50% Native American, 1.92% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.

There were 1,169 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,610, and the median income for a family was $56,071. Males had a median income of $37,679 versus $27,330 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,503. About 3.3% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

The primary east-west highway passing through Cramerton is U.S. Route 29/U.S. Route 74 (Wilkinson Boulevard). North Carolina Highway 279 (New Hope Road) forms Cramerton's southwest border.

Freight rail service is provided by the Norfolk Southern Railway. While Amtrak's passenger train also follows the Norfolk Southern main line, the nearest station is in Charlotte. The Gastonia station is closed.

Charlotte Area Transit System's (CATS) Gastonia Express (Route 85X) offers Monday thru Friday express bus service to/from uptown Charlotte, via the Abbey Plaza Shopping Center Station in Belmont, about 3 miles (5 km) east of Cramerton.

The nearest airport is Charlotte/Douglas International Airport in Mecklenburg County, about 9.5 miles (15.3 km) east of Cramerton.

Points of interest

Mayworth School at 236 Eighth Avenue in Cramerton is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

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