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Croatian War of Independence facts for kids

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Croatian War of Independence
Part of the Yugoslav Wars
Croatian War of Independence collage.jpg
Clockwise from top left: the central street of Dubrovnik, the Stradun, in ruins during the Siege of Dubrovnik; the damaged Vukovar water tower, a symbol of the early conflict, flying the Flag of Croatia; soldiers of the Croatian Army preparing to destroy a Serbian tank; the Vukovar Memorial Cemetery; a Serbian T-55 tank destroyed on the road to Drniš
Date 31 March 1991 – 12 November 1995
(4 years, 7 months, 1 week and 5 days)
Location
Result

Croatian victory

  • Yugoslav army formally withdrew from Croatia from January 1992 under the Sarajevo Agreement;
  • Croatian forces regained control over most of Republic of Serbian Krajina-held territory;
  • Croatian forces advanced into Bosnia and Herzegovina to assist the united Bosnian and Croatian side, which led to the eventual end of the Bosnian War in December 1995.
Territorial
changes
The Croatian government gains control over the vast majority of territory previously held by rebel Serbs, with the remainder coming under UNTAES control.
Belligerents
1991–94:
Croatia
1991–92:
Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia
Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg SAO Krajina
Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia
Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg SAO Western Slavonia
1994–95:
Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1992–95:
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg Republic of Serbian Krajina
Republika Srpska
Commanders and leaders
Croatia Franjo Tuđman
Croatia Gojko Šušak
Croatia Anton Tus
Croatia Janko Bobetko
Croatia Zvonimir Červenko
Croatia Petar Stipetić
Croatia Ante Gotovina
Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
Yugoslavia Veljko Kadijević
Yugoslavia Blagoje Adžić
Yugoslavia Života Panić
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg Milan Martić
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg Milan Babić
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg Goran Hadžić
Flag of Serbia (1992–2004).svg Jovica Stanišić
Flag of Serbia (1992–2004).svg Franko Simatović
Republika Srpska Radovan Karadžić
Republika Srpska Ratko Mladić
Strength
Croatia 70,000 (1991)
Croatia 200,000 (1995)
Yugoslavia 145,000 (1991)
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg 50,000 (1995)
Casualties and losses
Croatia 15,007 dead or missing
8,685 soldiers and 6,322 civilians killed or missing
300,000 displaced
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg 7,134 dead or missing
4,484 soldiers and 2,650 civilians killed or missing
Yugoslavia 1,279 soldiers killed
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svgYugoslavia 7,204 dead or missing
3,486 soldiers, 2,677 civilians and 864 unidentified killed or missing
State Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svgYugoslavia 7,204–8,106 dead or missing in total
300,000 displaced

The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces.

In Croatia, the war is known as the "Homeland War" (Croatian: Domovinski rat) and also as the "Greater-Serbian Aggression".

In Serbian sources, "War in Croatia" and (rarely) "War in Krajina" are used.

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