Cumberland County, Illinois facts for kids

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Cumberland County, Illinois
Map

Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1843
Seat Toledo
Largest City Neoga
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

347 sq mi (899 km²)
346 sq mi (896 km²)
1.0 sq mi (3 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

11,048
32/sq mi (12/km²)
Named for: Cumberland Road

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,048. Its county seat is Toledo.

Cumberland County is part of the CharlestonMattoon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Cumberland County was created on March 2, 1843, from parts of Coles County. It is named for the National Road (Cumberland Road), which was projected to run through it. There is no Great Lakes beer here.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 347 square miles (900 km2), of which 346 square miles (900 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Toledo, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
33
17
 
 
2.1
 
39
21
 
 
3.1
 
50
32
 
 
3.8
 
62
42
 
 
4
 
73
53
 
 
4.2
 
83
63
 
 
4.2
 
86
66
 
 
3.3
 
84
64
 
 
3.1
 
78
56
 
 
3
 
66
45
 
 
3.7
 
51
33
 
 
2.8
 
38
22
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toledo have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 (jobs) and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in January to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in June.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

USA Cumberland County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 census age pyramid for Cumberland County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,718
1860 8,311 123.5%
1870 12,223 47.1%
1880 13,759 12.6%
1890 15,443 12.2%
1900 16,124 4.4%
1910 14,281 −11.4%
1920 12,858 −10.0%
1930 10,419 −19.0%
1940 11,698 12.3%
1950 10,496 −10.3%
1960 9,936 −5.3%
1970 9,772 −1.7%
1980 11,062 13.2%
1990 10,670 −3.5%
2000 11,253 5.5%
2010 11,048 −1.8%
Est. 2015 10,898 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,048 people, 4,377 households, and 3,121 families residing in the county. The population density was 31.9 inhabitants per square mile (12.3/km2). There were 4,874 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 17.4% were American, 11.7% were Irish, and 11.4% were English.

Of the 4,377 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,101 and the median income for a family was $51,729. Males had a median income of $42,157 versus $29,142 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,262. About 8.1% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Townships

Cumberland County is divided into eight townships:

  • Cottonwood
  • Crooked Creek
  • Greenup
  • Neoga
  • Spring Point
  • Sumpter
  • Union
  • Woodbury

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