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Cumberland Gap, Tennessee facts for kids

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Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Colwyn Avenue in Cumberland Gap
Colwyn Avenue in Cumberland Gap
Location of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Location of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Claiborne
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,299 ft (396 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 494
 • Density 1,650/sq mi (620/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
37724, 37752
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-18880
GNIS feature ID 1281829

Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States. Its population was 494 at the 2010 census. The town is located near the Cumberland Gap, a historic mountain pass for which the town is named, and is surrounded on all sides by the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The town is also a part of the park.

Most of the downtown area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Cumberland Gap Historic District.

George Caleb Bingham - Daniel Boone escorting settlers through the Cumberland Gap

History

In 1888, a work camp was established at Cumberland Gap by Scottish-born entrepreneur Alexander Arthur (1846–1912) to house workers needed to build a tunnel for the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap & Louisville Railroad. Arthur, who was attempting to establish a large-scale iron production operation in the Cumberland Gap region, founded the nearby cities of Middlesboro, Kentucky, and Harrogate, Tennessee, and the nearby community of Arthur.

Geography

Cumberland Gap is located at 36°35′56″N 83°40′2″W / 36.59889°N 83.66722°W / 36.59889; -83.66722 (36.598976, -83.667318).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 347
1920 304 −12.4%
1930 369 21.4%
1940 409 10.8%
1950 403 −1.5%
1960 291 −27.8%
1970 231 −20.6%
1980 263 13.9%
1990 210 −20.2%
2000 204 −2.9%
2010 494 142.2%
Est. 2015 492 −0.4%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 204 people, 89 households, and 51 families residing in the town. The population density was 629.9 people per square mile (246.1/km²). There were 111 housing units at an average density of 342.8 per square mile (133.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.02% White and 0.98% Native American.

There were 89 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were nonfamilies. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $17,083 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,005. About 9.3% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under the age of 18 and 28.6% of those 65 or over.

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