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Cumberland Gap, Tennessee facts for kids

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Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Town of Cumberland Gap
Cumberland Gap, as viewed from the Pinnacle Overlook
Cumberland Gap, as viewed from the Pinnacle Overlook
The Gap
Location of Cumberland Gap in Claiborne County, Tennessee.
Location of Cumberland Gap in Claiborne County, Tennessee.
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Claiborne
Settled 1770s
Incorporated 1907
Named for Cumberland Gap mountain pass
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Total 0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)
 • Land 0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,417 ft (432 m)
 • Total 494
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,489.36/sq mi (575.34/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
37724, 37752
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-18880
GNIS feature ID 2406347

Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States. Its population was 494 at the 2010 census, and estimated to be 490 in 2019. The town is located below the Cumberland Gap, a historic mountain pass for which is the town's namesake, and inside of the boundaries of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park.

The majority of the town's downtown area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Cumberland Gap Historic District.


In 1888, a work camp was established at Cumberland Gap by Scottish-born entrepreneur Alexander Arthur (1846–1912) to house workers needed to build a tunnel for the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap & Louisville Railroad. Arthur, who was attempting to establish a large-scale iron production operation in the Cumberland Gap region, founded the nearby cities of Middlesboro, Kentucky, and Harrogate, Tennessee, and the nearby community of Arthur.


Cumberland Gap is located at 36°35′56″N 83°40′2″W / 36.59889°N 83.66722°W / 36.59889; -83.66722 (36.598976, -83.667318).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 347
1920 304 −12.4%
1930 369 21.4%
1940 409 10.8%
1950 403 −1.5%
1960 291 −27.8%
1970 231 −20.6%
1980 263 13.9%
1990 210 −20.2%
2000 204 −2.9%
2010 494 142.2%
2019 (est.) 490 −0.8%

2020 census

Cumberland Gap racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 265 84.66%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 9 2.88%
Native American 1 0.32%
Asian 22 7.03%
Other/Mixed 10 3.19%
Hispanic or Latino 6 1.92%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 313 people, 115 households, and 48 families residing in the town.


The major industry sectors employing Cumberland Gap residents are healthcare, education, arts, and service. Food preparation and service-related jobs have become the fastest growing within the town of Cumberland Gap. However, according to the American Community Survey, 10% of Cumberland Gap residents work inside of the town limits, with most commuting to other parts of Claiborne County, Middlesboro, and Campbell County.


There are no schools in the town limits, but Cumberland Gap High School located southwest of Harrogate, Tennessee, is in Cumberland Gap's 37724 zip code.

Lincoln Memorial University is located in nearby Harrogate.

Notable person

  • Rodney Atkins - country singer

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Cumberland Gap (Tennessee) para niños

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