Decatur County, Iowa facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Decatur County, Iowa
Map

Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the USA highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1846
Seat Leon
Largest City Lamoni
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

533 sq mi (1,380 km²)
532 sq mi (1,378 km²)
1.6 sq mi (4 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

8,457
16/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.decaturcountyiowa.org/
Named for: Stephen Decatur, Jr.

Decatur County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,457. The county seat is Leon. This county is named for Stephen Decatur, Jr., a hero in the War of 1812.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 533 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 965
1860 8,677 799.2%
1870 12,018 38.5%
1880 15,336 27.6%
1890 15,643 2.0%
1900 18,115 15.8%
1910 16,347 −9.8%
1920 16,566 1.3%
1930 14,903 −10.0%
1940 14,012 −6.0%
1950 12,601 −10.1%
1960 10,539 −16.4%
1970 9,737 −7.6%
1980 9,794 0.6%
1990 8,338 −14.9%
2000 8,689 4.2%
2010 8,457 −2.7%
Est. 2015 8,220 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 8,457 in the county, with a population density of 15.897/sq mi (6.138/km2). There were 3,834 housing units, of which 3,223 were occupied.

2000 census

USA Decatur County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Decatur County

At the 2000 census, there were 8,689 people, 3,337 households and 2,149 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 per square mile (6/km²). There were 3,833 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.46% White, 0.98% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,337 households of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.60% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96.

23.00% of the population were under the age of 18, 16.30% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median household income was $27,343 and the median family income was $34,831. Males had a median income of $25,569 compared with $19,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,209. About 10.90% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Decatur County is considered to be the poorest in Iowa, reporting that almost 20% of its residents live in poverty.

Country Officials

Supervisors
J.R. Cornett
Gary Boswell
Jimmy Fulton

Treasurer
Beth Andrew

Attorney
Lisa Hynden-Jeanes

Auditor
Stephanie Daughton

Recorder
Gale Norman

Sheriff

Ben Boswell

Assesor
Justin Cornett

Engineer
Dan Doerfler, PE

Clerk of Court
Traci Tharp

Public Health Administrator
Shelley Bickel

Veterans Affairs Administrator
Samantha Schaff

Conservation Director
Rich Erke

Mental Health Director
Kathy Lerma

Communities

Ancient Map of Decatur County, Iowa
Ancient Map of Decatur County, Iowa (1894)

Cities

Townships

Decatur County is divided into these townships:

  • Bloomington
  • Burrell
  • Center
  • Decatur
  • Eden
  • Fayette
  • Franklin
  • Garden Grove
  • Grand River
  • Hamilton
  • High Point
  • Long Creek
  • Morgan
  • New Buda
  • Richland
  • Woodland

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Decatur County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Lamoni City 2,324
2 Leon City 1,977
3 Grand River City 236
4 Van Wert City 230
5 Garden Grove City 211
6 Davis City City 204
7 Decatur City City 197
8 Weldon (partially in Clarke County) City 125
9 Pleasanton City 49
10 Le Roy City 15

Decatur County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.