Eagle Pass, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Eagle Pass, Texas
El Paso del Aguila
Location of Eagle Pass, Texas
|• Total||9.58 sq mi (24.812 km2)|
|• Land||9.58 sq mi (24.812 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||732 ft (223 m)|
|• Density||2,740.2/sq mi (1,058.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1356538|
Eagle Pass borders the city of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, which is to the southwest and across the Rio Grande. The Eagle Pass-Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area (EG-PN) is one of six binational metropolitan areas along the United States-Mexican border. As of January 2008, according to the US census, the Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population was 48,401 people, and the Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area's population was 169,771.
Eagle Pass was the first American settlement on the Rio Grande. Originally known as Camp Eagle Pass, it served as a temporary outpost for the Texas militia, which had been ordered to stop illegal trade with Mexico during the Mexican-American War. Eagle pass is so named because the contour of the hills through which the Rio Grande flows bore a fancied resemblance to the outstretched wings of an eagle.
General William Leslie Cazneau (1807–1876) founded the Eagle Pass townsite in the 1840s.
In 1850, Rick Pawless opened a trading post called Eagle Pass. In 1871, Maverick County was established, and Eagle Pass was named the county seat. During the remainder of the 19th century, schools and churches opened, the mercantile and ranching industries grew, and a railway was built.
The United States Army established the presumably permanent Fort Duncan on March 27, 1849, a few miles upstream from Camp Eagle Pass. Captain Sidney Burbank supervised the construction of Fort Duncan, which was named after Colonel James Duncan, who had fought in the Mexican War. After the Mexican-American War, trade flourished under the protection of the fort. The fort was near the trail of westward immigration to California. It also served as an outpost against hostile Apache. It was abandoned and reopened several times. In March 1860, it served as the base of operations against the border assaults arranged by Juan N. Cortina.
Fort Duncan was held by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. On July 4, 1865, General Joseph O. Shelby, en route to offer his troops' service to Maximilian in Mexico, stopped at Fort Duncan and buried in the Rio Grande the last Confederate flag to have flown over his men. After several decades of deactivation, Fort Duncan was activated as a training camp during World War I. In 1938, the City of Eagle Pass acquired the fort and still operates a museum and a children's library at the site.
The rancher and gunfighter King Fisher lived in Eagle Pass until his ambush and murder in San Antonio in 1884.
The city and surrounding area is home to a variety of businesses in retail, import, food manufacturing, and freight forwarding/transportation. The Eagle Pass Industrial Park hosts a number of larger companies including the O.F. Mossberg & Sons firearms manufacturing plant, which employs around 450 persons.
Eagle Pass has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSh), typical of South Texas. The average hottest month is August, and the highest recorded temperature was 115 °F (46.1 °C) in 1944. On average, the coolest month is January, while the lowest recorded temperature was 10 °F (−12.2 °C) in 1962. Most precipitation occurs in the spring though fall with a drier Winter. The maximum average precipitation occurs in September.
|Climate data for Eagle Pass, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||96
|Average high °F (°C)||65.0
|Average low °F (°C)||42.0
|Record low °F (°C)||10
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.90
Eagle Pass is located at(28.710622, -100.489331).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 mi2 (19.2 km2), of which, 7.4 mi2 (19.2 km2) of it is land and 0.04 mi2 (0.1 km2) of it (0.40%) is covered by water.
The area is served by U.S. Highways 277 and 57, and FM (farm road) 481 . Maverick County Memorial International Airport is a general aviation field, The nearest commercial air service is 50 miles away via the Del Rio International Airport in Del Rio, Texas, which will be served by Texas Sky Airlines in 2016.
As of the census of 2006, 24,847 people, 6,925 households, and 5,588 families resided in the city. The population density was 3,030.3 people per square mile (1,169.4/km²). There were 7,613 housing units at an average density of 1,029.3 per square mile (397.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.73% White, 0.27% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 22.71% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 96.90% of the population.
Of the 6,925 households, 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were not families. About 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.69.
In the city, the population was distributed as 32.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,623, and for a family was $27,140. Males had a median income of $26,350 versus $17,346 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,414. About 26.0% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 39.1% of those age 65 or over.
The majority of the income is attributed to dependence of the community on employment in the public sector.
|U.S. Decennial Census
- Carrizo Springs, Texas
- Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila
- Crystal City, Texas
- Del Rio, Texas
- El Indio, Texas
- Elm Creek, Texas
- La Pryor, Texas
- Laredo, Texas
- Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
- Piedras Negras, Coahuila
- San Antonio, Texas
- Radar Base, Texas
- Rosita North, Texas
- Rosita South, Texas
- Uvalde, Texas
- Quemado, Texas
In 2000, as part of the power exchange between Texas and Mexico, a HVDC facility equipped with IGBTs was built. This facility, built for Central Power and Light (now AEP Texas) by the ABB Group, operates at a bipolar voltage of 15.9 kV, and has a maximum transfer rate of 36 megawatts. The power station enables AEP to purchase electricity from Mexico's Comisión Federal de Electricidad, when needed.
On April 24, 2007, at 7:00 p.m. CST, a tornado tore through the outside of Eagle Pass and caused loss of life and property damage. The community was paralyzed for more than a week.
Images for kids
Eagle Pass, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.