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Eaglehawk Neck facts for kids

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Eaglehawk Neck
Teralina / Eaglehawk Neck
Eaglehawk Neck from Martin Cash's lookout.
Map showing the location of Eaglehawk Neck
Map showing the location of Eaglehawk Neck
Location in Tasmania
Location Forestier Peninsula and Tasman Peninsula in south-eastern Tasmania, Australia
Coordinates 43°00′36″S 147°55′12″E / 43.01000°S 147.92000°E / -43.01000; 147.92000
Length 400 metres (1,300 ft)
Width 30 metres (98 ft)
LGA Tasman

Eaglehawk Neck, officially Teralina / Eaglehawk Neck, is a narrow isthmus that connects the Tasman Peninsula with the Forestier Peninsula, and hence to mainland Tasmania, Australia.

The locality of Eaglehawk Neck is in the local government area of Tasman in the South-east region of Tasmania. The locality is about 26 kilometres (16 mi) north-east of the town of Nubeena. At the 2016 census, the settlement of Eaglehawk Neck had a population of 385.

Location and features

At the 2011 census, the settlement of Eaglehawk Neck had a population of 338.

Locally known as the Neck, the isthmus itself is around 400 metres (1,300 ft) long and under 30 metres (98 ft) wide at its narrowest point. The area features rugged terrain and several unusual geological formations. These include the Tessellated Pavement, an area of flat rock that looks to be manmade but is in fact formed by erosion. Also nearby are the natural formations of Tasman's Arch, the Blowhole and the Devil's Kitchen.

Eaglehawk Neck offers accommodation in the Lufra Hotel, near the Tessellated Pavement, and Bluegum Hostel on Old Jetty Road. A nearby footpath leads to Martin Cash's lookout near the top of the hill at the southern end.

Eaglehawk Neck is a well-known local holiday destination. On the eastern side, a beach that stretches around Pirates' Bay is a popular surfing area. In summer the population rises as people return to their holiday homes.

European history

It forms a natural gateway between the peninsulas that was used by the British in 1830s when a line of dogs was chained to posts across the neck to warn of any convicts attempting to escape the Port Arthur prison. The area was heavily patrolled by soldiers, and the guards' quarters still remains as a museum. Many attempts were made by convicts to escape via Eaglehawk Neck, including those of Martin Cash. The isthmus now provides road access via the Arthur Highway to Port Arthur, part of the Australian Convict Sites, a World Heritage Site that comprises eleven remnant penal sites originally built within the British Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries on fertile Australian coastal strips. Collectively, these sites, including Port Arthur, now represent, "...the best surviving examples of large-scale penal transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts."

The first Eagle Hawk Neck post office was open from 1875 until 1877. It reopened on 11 January 1895 and closed in 1974.


Road infrastructure

The A9 route (Arthur Highway) enters from the north and runs through to the south-west, where it exits. Route C338 (Blowhole Road / Tasmans Arch Road) starts at an intersection with A9 in the centre and runs south-east until it ends at Tasman Arch.

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