East Syracuse, New York facts for kids

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East Syracuse, New York
Village
St. Matthews Church
St. Matthews Church
Location in Onondaga County and the state of New York.
Location in Onondaga County and the state of New York.
Country United States
State New York
County Onondaga
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Land 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 433 ft (132 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,084
 • Density 1,930/sq mi (752/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 13057
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-23052
GNIS feature ID 0949253
Website www.villageofeastsyracuse.com

East Syracuse is an incorporated village and a suburb of the City of Syracuse in eastern Onondaga County, New York. United States. As of the 2010 U.S. census, the village had a population of 3,084. It is located immediately east of Syracuse, in the town of DeWitt.

Geography

East Syracuse is located at 43°3′52″N 76°4′13″W / 43.06444°N 76.07028°W / 43.06444; -76.07028 (43.064516, -76.070143). The village center is at Manlius and North Center streets.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,099
1890 2,231 103.0%
1900 2,509 12.5%
1910 3,274 30.5%
1920 4,106 25.4%
1930 4,646 13.2%
1940 4,520 −2.7%
1950 4,706 4.1%
1960 4,708 0.0%
1970 4,333 −8.0%
1980 3,412 −21.3%
1990 3,343 −2.0%
2000 3,178 −4.9%
2010 3,084 −3.0%
Est. 2015 3,010 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,178 people, 1,393 households, and 742 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,015.0 people per square mile (776.6/km²). There were 1,503 housing units at an average density of 953.0 per square mile (367.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.06% White, 1.45% African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 1,393 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.1% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the village, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,703, and the median income for a family was $34,293. Males had a median income of $34,405 versus $24,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,066. About 14.3% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

The village was incorporated in 1881 and population peaked in the early 1960s, with a 1960 census reported population of 4,708.

History

The original inhabitants of the area were Onondaga clans, whose village was atop a hill on the eastern border of Onondaga territory along what is now Kinne St. An established trail ran down part of what is now James Street to Ley Creek where the Onondagas could travel by canoe to their capital along the northeast shore of Onondaga Lake. Portions of this Onondaga village dating from the early eighteenth century were uncovered in the 1930s when East Syracuse High School was being built on Kinne St near James St.

The current settlement, originally named "Messina," grew up along the northern edge of the Erie Canal across from Headson's Landing, a busy canal port with the only bridge to cross the canal east of downtown Syracuse for ten miles. In the middle of the nineteenth century the Messina Plank Road (now New York State Route 290) was built from Messina east to Manlius Center and the canal port there. Large venetian blind and buggy whip factories operated in Messina in the late nineteenth century.

Nycrr-freight-yards 1910 east-syracuse hump
NYCRR freight yards at the 'hump' (1910).

In the 1870s, the main line of the New York Central Railroad was built through the northern part of Messina. The DeWitt Railyards complex, one of the busiest in the world in its day, stretched from Messina five miles east to Minoa. East and westbound trains were assembled in the yards at the "Hump", where trains were pushed up tracks on one side of an artificial hill and routed to their train by track switches as the rolled freely down the far side. During most of the nineteenth century the larger part of the hamlet was south of the railroad yards, but as the population grew with rail workers, housing expanded to the north.

During the boom following construction of the railroad, the name "East Syracuse" began to replace Messina. That name was chosen for the new village when it was incorporated in 1881. At that time the village thrived due to its access to transportation. The railroad was the new powerhouse, but the canal remained viable, with Headson's Landing still a busy port. The northeastern corner of the Headson's Landing Bridge was the original southwestern corner of the village.

In the 20th century, Erie Boulevard was built over the canal from west of Syracuse to about a mile past Headson's landing. In the 1960s, Interstate 690 was built through the southern part of the village between the railroad and Erie Blvd. Now only a small portion of the original settlement south of the railroad remains, including about 100 of the village's 1400 dwelling units.

With the canal gone and the railroad seeing only a portion of its former business, and as the interstate system and other high speed roads have turned the all-day trip of the nineteenth century into a few hours' drive, East Syracuse has become fully a suburb of Syracuse.

East Syracuse is home to Bristol Laboratories, formerly Cheplin Laboratories, which Bristol-Myers purchaced in 1943 and converted from the production of acidophilus milk to penicillin until 2005 when it became more economical to produce overseas. Now a division of Bristol-Myers Squibb, the facility makes several newer drugs, along with housing a state-of-the-art ramp-up facility designed to quickly adapt to make moderate quantities of new drugs for clinical trials.

East Syracuse played another role in making the world a little bit smaller in 1996, when village trustee Jason M Rhoades, a twenty-year-old college student and management intern at NYNEX (now Verizon), made history by being the first legislator in the world to participate in a legislative meeting by telecom from a business trip in Massachusetts. Rhoades was also the village's youngest Trustee when elected in 1995 at the age of nineteen, and one of the youngest people ever elected to any municipal office in New York State. In 2001, he became the village's youngest mayor at the age of twenty-five.

A recent list of the mayors of East Syracuse (with party affiliation) includes:

Michael "Mickey" Wrenn (Progressive) 1961-65;
Carl Sterling (Peoples) 1965-70;
Ronald A Russell Jr (Peoples) 1970-73, 1975-1979, 1981-1985, 1997-2001;
Fred Ray (Citizens) 1973-75;
Richard Benack (Citizens) 1979-81;
Richard Rhoades (Citizens) 1985-87;
Peter Higgins (Peoples) 1987-95;
Donald E Reichert (Citizens) 1995-97;
Jason M Rhoades (Citizens) 2001-03;
Lorene McCoy Dadey (Peoples) 2003-05;
Tony Albanese (Citizens) 2005-07;
Danny J Liedka (Peoples) 2007-2013;
Robert Tackman (Peoples) 2013-.

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