kids encyclopedia robot

Edward Welsh (soldier) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Edward Welsh
Born (1843-01-03)January 3, 1843
Died February 1, 1929(1929-02-01) (aged 86)
Washington, DC
Place of burial
Mount Olivet Cemetery, Washington, DC
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Rank Sergeant
Unit Company D, 54th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
 • Siege of Vicksburg
Awards Medal of Honor

Edward Welsh (January 3, 1843 – February 1, 1929) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Siege of Vicksburg on May 22, 1863. His surname is sometimes spelled Welch.

Union assault

Edward Welsh grave section 8 - Mt Olivet - Washington DC - 2014
Grave of Edward Welsh at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Washington, D.C.

On May 22, 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on the Confederate heights at Vicksburg, Mississippi. The plan called for a storming party of volunteers to build a bridge across a moat and plant scaling ladders against the enemy embankment in advance of the main attack. The volunteers knew the odds were against survival and the mission was called, in nineteenth century vernacular, a "forlorn hope". Only single men were accepted as volunteers and even then, twice as many men as needed came forward and were turned away. The assault began in the early morning following a naval bombardment. The Union soldiers came under enemy fire immediately and were pinned down in the ditch they were to cross. Despite repeated attacks by the main Union body, the men of the forlorn hope were unable to retreat until nightfall. Of the 150 men in the storming party, nearly half were killed. Seventy-nine of the survivors were awarded the Medal of Honor.

Welsh was married to Katharine Burke Welsh. He died in Washington, D.C., on February 1, 1929. He was interred at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Washington, D.C.

kids search engine
Edward Welsh (soldier) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.