Elaine Thompson-Herah facts for kids
Elaine Thompson-Herah (née Thompson; born 28 June 1992) is a Jamaican sprinter who specialises in the 100 metres and 200 metres. She is a five-time Olympic champion, having won gold in both the 100 and 200 metres at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro and again at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
In 2021, she set an Olympic and Jamaican national record of 10.61 seconds in the 100 metres at the 2020 Summer Olympics, making her the fastest woman alive and the second-fastest woman in history. She holds the record for the second-fastest 200 metres with a time of 21.53 seconds which she set at the Tokyo Olympics final.
Thompson-Herah began competing internationally in 2013. In 2015 she achieved her first finish under 11 seconds in the 100 metres, and she ran 21.66 seconds in the 200 metres. She was the 2019 Pan American Games champion and a two-time Diamond League winner.
Thompson is a native of Banana Ground in Manchester Parish, Jamaica. Running for Christiana High School and later Manchester High School, Thompson was a good but not outstanding scholastic sprinter; her best result at the Jamaican ISSA Grace Kennedy Boys and Girls Championships came in 2009, when she placed fourth in the Class Two 100 metres in 12.01 seconds. In 2011, her final year at Manchester High, she was left off the track team for disciplinary reasons.
After high school, she was recruited to the University of Technology, Jamaica by Paul Francis, brother of MVP Track Club head coach Stephen Francis. With MVP coaching, Thompson's times started improving steadily.
In 2013, she clocked a seasonal best of 11.41s at the Gibson Replays and placed second behind Carrie Russell at the Jamaican Intercollegiate Championships. At the Central American and Caribbean Championships in Morelia, she won gold in the 4 × 100 metres relay, running the first leg on the Jamaican team as it won in 43.58s.
In 2014, Thompson won her first intercollegiate title, placed fifth in 11.26s at the national championships, and had a seasonal best of 11.17s. She represented Jamaica at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, running in the 4 × 100 metres relay heats; Jamaica won their heat in 42.44s, and went on to win gold in the final with Thompson-Herah not in the line-up.
Thompson made her international breakthrough in 2015. She repeated as Jamaican intercollegiate champion in March and broke 11 seconds for the first time at the UTech Classic on 11 April, running a world-leading 10.92 seconds. She then ran 10.97 seconds at the Jamaica International Invitational in Kingston, defeating a field that included Blessing Okagbare and Allyson Felix. At the Pre Classic in Eugene, Thompson was narrowly beaten by English Gardner in the B-race as both were timed in 10.84 seconds; as of 27 July 2015, this was Thompson's personal best in the 100m and ranked her 30th on the world all-time list.
Thompson-Herah was expected to run the 100 metres at the Jamaican National Championships, which doubled as trials for the 2015 World Championships in Beijing; however, her coach Stephen Francis pulled her from that event and instead had her concentrate on the 200 metres, in which she had set a personal best of 22.37s in May. The move generated controversy in Jamaica; Francis stated that Thompson-Herah was not ready to double and that she had been prepared for the 200m in which her main weakness, the start, would not play as large a role. Thompson won the national 200m title in 22.51s, qualifying for the World Championships.
At the London Grand Prix on 25 July, Thompson-Herah won a non-scoring Diamond League 200m race in 22.10s, defeating Americans Tori Bowie and Candyce McGrone; the time was her new personal best and broke Merlene Ottey's meeting record from 1991.
At the Beijing World Championships, Thompson-Herah won a silver medal, behind Dafne Schippers of Netherlands. Thompson's time of 21.66s was faster than the previous championships record but 0.03s slower than Schippers. Fellow Jamaican Veronica Campbell Brown was third in 21.97s.
On 1 July, Thompson-Herah set a personal best in the 100m with a time of 10.70s, winning the event at the Jamaican Championships. She did not advance to the semi-finals in the 200m running only a 23.34s.
In the 100m final of the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Thompson-Herah won the gold medal with a time of 10.71s, ahead of Tori Bowie (10.83s), and the 2012 London Olympics winner and countrywoman Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (10.86s).
In the 200m final, she won her second gold, clocking 21.78s; Dafne Schippers placed second in 21.88s and Tori Bowie third in 22.15s.
She was the first female Jamaican sprinter to win the 100m and 200m at one Olympic Games and the seventh overall. She also ran in the national 4 × 100 m relay team which placed second, thus leaving Rio de Janeiro with three medals.
In 2017, Thompson-Herah was in the team which won a gold medal in the 4 × 200 metres relay at the World Relays, setting competition and national record with a time of 1:29.04.
She competed in the 100m at the 2017 London World Championships, placing 5th with at time of 10.98s.
At the 2019 World Championships in Doha, she finished 4th in the 100m running 10.93s. Thompson-Herah achieved a time of 22.61s in the 200m heats, qualifying for the semi-finals, but she did not start due to an Achilles tendon injury.
In 2020, Thompson-Herah ran seven 100m races and achieved times of under 11 seconds in five of them, with a season-best of 10.85s (10.73s with illegal wind). She won two Diamond League meets which were staged as one-off events due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the 200m, her season-best was 22.19s.
In June 2021, at the Jamaican Championships, she placed third in her two signature events with times of 10.84s and 22.02s respectively, qualifying in both events for the delayed 2020 Tokyo Olympics. On 6 July, she achieved a time of 10.71s in the 100m, her fastest time since 2017, and 0.01 seconds off her personal best. She defeated Fraser-Pryce and won the World Athletics Continental Tour's Székesfehérvár Memorial in Hungary, setting a meet record.
At the 2021 Tokyo Olympics, Thompson-Herah placed first in the women's 100 metres final, winning the gold medal as fellow Jamaican athletes Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce and Shericka Jackson received the silver and bronze medals, respectively. She achieved the second-equal fastest time in history, with an Olympic record of 10.61 seconds, breaking Florence Griffith-Joyner's Olympic record of 10.62 seconds set in 1988. She is currently the fastest woman alive.
Competing in the 200 metres, she first equalled her personal best of 21.66s in the semi-finals. In the final, she won the gold medal with a personal best time of 21.53.
Thompson is married to former athlete and coach Derron Herah.
Information from World Athletics profile unless otherwise noted.
|60 metres outdoor||7.02||+1.7 m/s||Kingston, Jamaica||28 January 2017|
|100 metres||10.61||-0.6 m/s||Tokyo, Japan||31 July 2021||WL OR NR 2nd all-time|
|200 metres||21.53||+0.8 m/s||Tokyo, Japan||3 August 2021||WL NR 2nd all-time|
|4 × 100 metres relay||41.02||Tokyo, Japan||6 August 2021||NR 2nd all-time|
|4 × 200 metres relay||89.04||Nassau, Bahamas||22 April 2017||NR|
|60 metres indoor||6.98||Birmingham, United Kingdom||18 February 2017||WL|
As of July 2021, Thompson-Herah has achieved 43 finishes under 11 seconds in the 100 metres.
|2013||2013 CAC Championships||Morelia, Mexico||1st||4 × 100 m||43.58|
|2014||Commonwealth Games||Glasgow, United Kingdom||1st||4 × 100 m||42.44||GR|
|2015||World Championships||Beijing, China||2nd||200m||21.66||(+0.2 m/s) PB|
|1st||4 × 100 m||41.07||WL CR NR|
|2016||World Indoor Championships||Portland, United States||3rd||60m||7.06|
|Olympic Games||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||1st||100m||10.71||(+0.5 m/s)|
|1st||200m||21.78||(+0.5 m/s) WL|
|2nd||4 × 100 m||41.36||SB|
|2017||World Relays||Nassau, Bahamas||1st||4 × 200 m||1:29.04||CR NR|
|World Championships||London, United Kingdom||5th||100m||10.98||(+0.1 m/s)|
|2018||World Indoor Championships||Birmingham, United Kingdom||4th||60m||7.08|
|Commonwealth Games||Gold Coast, Australia||4th||200m||22.30||(+0.9 m/s) SB|
|2nd||4 × 100 m||42.52|
|2019||World Relays||Yokohama, Japan||3rd||4 × 200 m||1:33.21|
|Pan American Games||Lima, Peru||1st||100m||11.18||(-0.6 m/s)|
|World Championships||Doha, Qatar||4th||100m||10.93||(+0.1 m/s)|
|7th (heats)||200m||22.61||(+0.7 m/s) Q|
|2021||Olympic Games||Tokyo, Japan||1st||100m||10.61||(-0.6 m/s) WL OR NR|
|1st||200m||21.53||(+0.8 m/s) WL NR|
|1st||4 × 100 m||41.02||NR|
Circuit wins and titles
- Diamond League winner (100m): 2016
- Diamond League champion (100m): 2017
- 2015 (2): London (200m), Zürich (4 × 100 m relay)
- 2016 (6): Rabat (100m), Rome (100m), Lausanne (100m), Zürich (200m & 4 × 100 m relay), Brussels (100m)
- 2017 (8): Doha (200m), Shanghai (100m), Paris (100m), London (100m), Rabat (100m), Birmingham (100m), Zürich (4 × 100 m relay), Brussels (100m)
- 2019 (4): Rome (100m), London (200m & 4 × 100 m relay), Paris (100m)
- 2020 (2): Rome (100m), Doha (100m)
- 2021 (1): London Grand Prix in Gateshead (200m)
- World Indoor Tour
- 2017 (1) (60m): Birmingham
- 2019 (1) (60m): Birmingham
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