Elk County, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Elk County, Pennsylvania
Map
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Elk County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the USA highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded April 18, 1843
Seat Ridgway
Largest City St. Marys
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

832 sq mi (2,155 km²)
827 sq mi (2,142 km²)
4.9 sq mi (13 km²), 0.6%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

30,872
37/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.elk.pa.us
Named for: Eastern elk

Elk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,946. Its county seat is Ridgway. The county was created on April 18, 1843, from parts of Jefferson, Clearfield and McKean Counties, and is named for the Eastern elk that historically inhabited the region.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 832 square miles (2,150 km2), of which 827 square miles (2,140 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Allegheny National Forest (part)

State protected areas

  • Bendigo State Park
  • Elk State Park

Major Highways

  • US 219.svgUS 219
  • PA-66.svg PA 66
  • PA-120.svg PA 120
  • PA-153.svg PA 153
  • PA-255.svg PA 255
  • PA-321.svg PA 321
  • PA-555.svg PA 555
  • PA-948.svg PA 948
  • PA-949.svg PA 949

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,531
1860 5,915 67.5%
1870 8,488 43.5%
1880 12,800 50.8%
1890 22,239 73.7%
1900 32,903 48.0%
1910 35,871 9.0%
1920 34,981 −2.5%
1930 33,431 −4.4%
1940 34,443 3.0%
1950 34,503 0.2%
1960 37,328 8.2%
1970 37,770 1.2%
1980 38,338 1.5%
1990 34,878 −9.0%
2000 35,111 0.7%
2010 31,946 −9.0%
Est. 2015 30,872 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,112 people, 14,124 households, and 9,745 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 18,115 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.96% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. 0.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.8% were of German, 17.8% Italian, 7.4% Irish and 5.1% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 14,124 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

Communities

Map of Elk County Municipalities shaded in red and blue
Elk County boroughs and municipalities

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs, and townships are located in Elk County:

City

Boroughs

Townships

  • Benezette
  • Fox
  • Highland
  • Horton
  • Jay
  • Jones
  • Millstone
  • Ridgway
  • Spring Creek

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Elk County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 St. Marys City 13,070
2 Ridgway Borough 4,078
3 Johnsonburg Borough 2,483
4 Kersey CDP 937
5 Weedville CDP 542
6 Byrnedale CDP 427
7 Wilcox CDP 383
8 James City CDP 287
9 Force CDP 253

Images for kids


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