Jefferson County, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Jefferson County, Pennsylvania
Map
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the USA highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded October 1, 1830
Seat Brookville
Largest borough Punxsutawney
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

657 sq mi (1,702 km²)
652 sq mi (1,689 km²)
4.4 sq mi (11 km²), 0.7%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

44,430
68/sq mi (26/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: https://www.jeffersoncountypa.com/
Named for: Thomas Jefferson

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,200. Its county seat is Brookville. The county was established on March 26, 1804, from part of Lycoming County and later organized in 1830. It is named for President Thomas Jefferson. It is home to Punxsutawney Phil, the groundhog that predicts when spring will come every February 2 (Groundhog Day).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 652 square miles (1,690 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 161
1820 561 248.4%
1830 2,025 261.0%
1840 7,253 258.2%
1850 13,518 86.4%
1860 18,270 35.2%
1870 21,656 18.5%
1880 27,935 29.0%
1890 44,005 57.5%
1900 59,113 34.3%
1910 63,090 6.7%
1920 62,104 −1.6%
1930 52,114 −16.1%
1940 54,090 3.8%
1950 49,147 −9.1%
1960 46,792 −4.8%
1970 43,695 −6.6%
1980 48,303 10.5%
1990 46,083 −4.6%
2000 45,932 −0.3%
2010 45,200 −1.6%
Est. 2015 44,430 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 45,932 people, 18,375 households, and 12,862 families residing in the county. The population density was 70 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 22,104 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.97% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. 0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.1% were of German, 13.4% Italian, 10.8% American, 9.2% Irish and 7.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 18,375 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

Recreation

Two Pennsylvania state parks are in the county.

  • Clear Creek State Park is in Barnett and Heath Townships.
  • Cook Forest State Park is in Barnett Township and stretches into neighboring Clarion and Forest Counties

The Jefferson County Fair is held annually in July.

Communities

Map of Jefferson County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Jefferson County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red) and Townships (white).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Jefferson County:

Boroughs

Townships

  • Barnett
  • Beaver
  • Bell
  • Clover
  • Eldred
  • Gaskill
  • Heath
  • Henderson
  • Knox
  • McCalmont
  • Oliver
  • Perry
  • Pine Creek
  • Polk
  • Porter
  • Ringgold
  • Rose
  • Snyder
  • Union
  • Warsaw
  • Washington
  • Winslow
  • Young

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jefferson County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Punxsutawney Borough 5,962
2 Brookville Borough 3,924
3 Reynoldsville Borough 2,759
4 Brockway Borough 2,072
5 Sykesville Borough 1,157
6 Falls Creek (partially in Clearfield County) Borough 1,037
7 Big Run Borough 624
8 Summerville Borough 528
9 Crenshaw CDP 468
10 Corsica Borough 357
11 Timblin Borough 157
12 Worthville Borough 67

Images for kids


Jefferson County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.