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Jefferson County, Pennsylvania facts for kids

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Jefferson County
Jefferson County Courthouse
Jefferson County Courthouse
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Jefferson County
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Pennsylvania
Founded October 1, 1830
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Brookville
Largest borough Punxsutawney
Area
 • Total 657 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land 652 sq mi (1,690 km2)
 • Water 4.4 sq mi (11 km2)  0.7%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
43,641
 • Density 68/sq mi (26/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 15th

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,200. Its county seat is Brookville. The county was established on March 26, 1804, from part of Lycoming County and later organized in 1830. It is named for President Thomas Jefferson. It is home to Punxsutawney Phil, the most famous groundhog that predicts when spring will come every February 2 (Groundhog Day).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 652 square miles (1,690 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 161
1820 561 248.4%
1830 2,025 261.0%
1840 7,253 258.2%
1850 13,518 86.4%
1860 18,270 35.2%
1870 21,656 18.5%
1880 27,935 29.0%
1890 44,005 57.5%
1900 59,113 34.3%
1910 63,090 6.7%
1920 62,104 −1.6%
1930 52,114 −16.1%
1940 54,090 3.8%
1950 49,147 −9.1%
1960 46,792 −4.8%
1970 43,695 −6.6%
1980 48,303 10.5%
1990 46,083 −4.6%
2000 45,932 −0.3%
2010 45,200 −1.6%
2020 44,492 −1.6%

As of the census of 2000, there were 45,932 people, 18,375 households, and 12,862 families residing in the county. The population density was 70 people per square mile (27/km2). There were 22,104 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.97% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. 0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.1% were of German, 13.4% Italian, 10.8% American, 9.2% Irish and 7.8% English ancestry.

There were 18,375 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

Recreation

Two Pennsylvania state parks are in the county.

The Jefferson County Fair is held annually in July.

Communities

Map of Jefferson County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Jefferson County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red) and Townships (white).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Jefferson County:

Boroughs

Townships

  • Barnett
  • Beaver
  • Bell
  • Clover
  • Eldred
  • Gaskill
  • Heath
  • Henderson
  • Knox
  • McCalmont
  • Oliver
  • Perry
  • Pine Creek
  • Polk
  • Porter
  • Ringgold
  • Rose
  • Snyder
  • Union
  • Warsaw
  • Washington
  • Winslow
  • Young

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jefferson County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Punxsutawney Borough 5,962
2 Brookville Borough 3,924
3 Reynoldsville Borough 2,759
4 Brockway Borough 2,072
5 Sykesville Borough 1,157
6 Falls Creek (partially in Clearfield County) Borough 1,037
7 Big Run Borough 624
8 Summerville Borough 528
9 Crenshaw CDP 468
10 Corsica Borough 357
11 Timblin Borough 157
12 Worthville Borough 67

Education

Map of Jefferson County Pennsylvania School Districts
Map of Jefferson County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Colleges and universities

Public school districts

  • Brockway Area School District
  • Brookville Area School District
  • Clarion-Limestone Area School District
  • DuBois Area School District
  • Punxsutawney Area School District

Related public entities

  • Jefferson County-DuBois AVTS
  • Riverview Intermediate Unit #6

Private schools

  • Allens Mills School - Reynoldsville
  • Bear Lane School - Punxsutawney
  • Blose Hill Amish School - Reynoldsville
  • Bucks Run - Reynoldsville
  • Canoe Ridge Amish School - Rossiter
  • Christ Dominion Academy
  • Colonial Drake - Punxsutawney
  • Eagles Nest Amish School - Brockway
  • Highland Park - Punxsutawney
  • Hillside School - Punxsutawney
  • Lone Maple School - Punxsutawney
  • Maple Grove School - Reynoldsville
  • Mountain View School - Punxsutawney
  • Munderf Amish School - Brockway
  • Oak Grove Parochial School - Smicksburg
  • Pine Valley Parochial School - Punxsutawney
  • Playhouse Children's Center - Punxsutawney
  • Praise Christian Academy - Reynoldsville
  • Punxsutawney Christian Sch - Ele Level - Punxsutawney
  • Spring Hollow Amish School - Reynoldsville
  • Spring Run School - Smickburg
  • Sts Cosmas & Damian School - Punxsutawney
  • Trout Run School - Punxsutawney
  • Valley View School - Punxsutawney
  • West Creek Road Amish School - Punxsutawney
  • Willow Drive School - Punxsutawney
  • Windy Hollow Amish School - Mayport

Libraries

  • Jefferson County Library System - Brockway
  • Mengle Memorial Library - Brockway
  • Punxsutawney Memorial Library - Punxsutawney
  • Rebecca M Arthurs Memorial Library - Brookville
  • Reynoldsville Public Library - Reynoldsville
  • Summerville Public Library - Summerville
  • Sykesville Public Library - Sykesville

Licensed entities

  • Full Circle Inc Boys Home - Reynolds
  • Jefferson County Adult Detention Center
  • Western Pennsylvania School of Taxidermy - Oliveburg

Notable people

  • John T. Morrison, sixth Governor of Idaho from 1903 until 1905; born in Jefferson County.
  • Sparky Lyle, professional baseball player
  • Chuck Daly, American basketball head coach
  • George Jenks, politician
  • Florence Parry Heide, author
  • Wilbur Good, professional baseball player
  • Andy Hastings, professional football player
  • Mal Eason, professional baseball player
  • John Mizerock, professional baseball player
  • Devin Mesoraco, professional baseball player
  • Jim Pittsley, professional baseball player
  • Britt Baker, professional wrestler and dentist
  • Laura Temple, missionary teacher and archaeologist in Mexico
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