Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
Borough
Downtown
Downtown
Official logo of Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
Keystone Marker
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Jefferson
Settled 1816
Incorporated 1850
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (9 km2)
Elevation 1,230 ft (370 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,962
 • Density 1,836.2/sq mi (709.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15767
Area code(s) 814 Exchanges: 249,938,939.
Website Punxsutawney Chamber of Commerce

Punxsutawney (/ˌpʌŋksəˈtɔːni/ ; Lenape: Punkwsutènay) is a borough in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, United States, 84 miles (135 km) northeast of Pittsburgh.

History

The area was originally settled by the Lenape (Delaware Indians), and the name "Punxsutawney" derives from a Native name in Unami (a Lenape language): Punkwsutènay, which translates to "town of the sandflies" or "town of the mosquitoes" (punkwës- ‘mosquito’ + -utènay ‘town’). Alternatively, the name is said to come from another Unami term, Put'schisk'tey, which means "poison vine."

In 1907, Punxsutawney and Claysville boroughs were consolidated and incorporated as Greater Punxsutawney. A high-grade soft coal was mined in the surrounding region. Formerly, the factories included glassworks, foundries, ironworks, machine shops, and planing, flour, feed, and silk mills. In 1900, 6,746 people lived there; in 1910, 9,058; in 1920, 10,311; and in 1940, 9,482 people lived there. The population was 5,962 at the 2010 census.

Punxsutawney's most famous resident is Punxsutawney Phil, a groundhog said to predict the weather annually on Groundhog Day (February 2). Phil and the town were the basis for the 1993 film Groundhog Day (although nearly all of the film was shot in Woodstock, Illinois). The film actually made the name "Punxsutawney Phil" a national cultural reference in the US.

The T. M. Kurtz House, Jefferson Theater, Christian Miller House, and United States Post Office-Punxsutawney are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Punxsutawney is located at 40°56′44″N 78°58′31″W / 40.94556°N 78.97528°W / 40.94556; -78.97528 (40.945454, -78.975175), roughly 80 miles northeast of Pittsburgh and 150 miles southeast of Erie.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all of it land. It is bordered on the north, west, and south by Young Township, and on the east by Bell Township.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 256
1860 415 62.1%
1870 553 33.3%
1880 674 21.9%
1890 2,792 314.2%
1900 4,375 56.7%
1910 9,058 107.0%
1920 10,311 13.8%
1930 9,266 −10.1%
1940 9,482 2.3%
1950 8,969 −5.4%
1960 8,805 −1.8%
1970 7,792 −11.5%
1980 7,479 −4.0%
1990 6,782 −9.3%
2000 6,271 −7.5%
2010 5,962 −4.9%
Est. 2015 5,861 −1.7%
Sources:

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,962 people, 2,573 households and 1,602 families in the borough. The population density was 1,836.2 people per square mile (708.0/km²). There were 3,042 housing units at an average density of 890.7 per square mile (343.4/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 2,749 households, out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 80.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $33,054. Men had a median income of $28,958 versus $19,076 for women. The per capita income for the borough was $14,802. About 13.3% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.


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