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Empress Joséphine facts for kids

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  • Viscountess of Beauharnais
  • Duchess of Navarre
Empress Joséphine in her forty-sixth year
Portrait by Antoine-Jean Gros, c. 1809
Empress consort of the French
Tenure 18 May 1804 – 10 January 1810
Coronation 2 December 1804
Queen consort of Italy
Tenure 26 May 1805 – 10 January 1810
First Lady of Italy
Tenure 26 January 1802 – 17 March 1805
Born Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie
(1763-06-23)23 June 1763
Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique
Died 29 May 1814(1814-05-29) (aged 50)
Rueil-Malmaison, Kingdom of France
Burial St Pierre-St Paul Church, Rueil-Malmaison, France
Alexandre de Beauharnais
(m. 1779; died 1794)

Napoleon I, Emperor of the French
(m. 1796; div. 1810)
  • Eugène, Duke of Leuchtenberg
  • Hortense, Queen of Holland
Full name
Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie
House Beauharnais
Father Joseph Gaspard Tascher de La Pagerie
Mother Rose Claire des Vergers de Sannois
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Joséphine's signature

Joséphine Bonaparte ( born Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie; 23 June 1763 – 29 May 1814) was the Empress of the French as the first wife of Emperor Napoleon I. She is widely known as Joséphine de Beauharnais.

Her marriage to Napoleon was her second. Her first husband, Alexandre de Beauharnais, was guillotined during the Reign of Terror, and she was imprisoned in the Carmes Prison until five days after his execution. Through her children by Beauharnais, she was the grandmother of the French emperor Napoleon III and the Brazilian empress Amélie of Leuchtenberg. Members of the royal families of Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, and Norway and the grand ducal family of Luxembourg also descend from her. Because she did not bear Napoleon any children, he had their marriage annulled in 1810 and married Marie Louise of Austria. Joséphine was the recipient of numerous love letters written by Napoleon, many of which still exist.

A patron of art, Joséphine worked closely with sculptors, painters and interior decorators to establish a unique Consular and Empire style at the Château de Malmaison. She became one of the leading collectors of different forms of art of her time, such as sculpture and painting. The Château de Malmaison was noted for its rose garden, which she supervised closely.

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