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Englewood, New Jersey
City
City of Englewood
Downtown Englewood, New Jersey
Downtown Englewood, New Jersey
Map highlighting Englewood's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Englewood's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood, New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey is located in Bergen County, New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey
Location in Bergen County, New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey is located in the United States
Englewood, New Jersey
Englewood, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Bergen County, New Jersey.gif Bergen
Incorporated March 17, 1899
Named for Engle family or
"English Neighborhood"
Government
 • Type Special Charter
 • Body City Council
Area
 • Total 4.95 sq mi (12.82 km2)
 • Land 4.93 sq mi (12.76 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)  0.46%
Area rank 279th of 565 in state
15th of 70 in county
Elevation
43 ft (13 m)
Population
 • Total 29,308
 • Rank 88th of 566 in state
6th of 70 in county
 • Density 5,944.8/sq mi (2,296.9/km2)
 • Density rank 96th of 566 in state
26th of 70 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
07631
Area code(s) 201
FIPS code 3400321480
GNIS feature ID 0885209

Englewood is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, the city had a total population of 29,308. Englewood was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1899, from portions of Ridgefield Township and the remaining portions of Englewood Township. With the creation of the City of Englewood, Englewood Township was dissolved. An earlier referendum on March 10, 1896, was declared unconstitutional.

History

Origin of name

Englewood Township, the city's predecessor, is believed to have been named in 1859 for the Engle family. The community had been called the "English Neighborhood", as the first primarily English-speaking settlement on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River after New Netherland was annexed by England in 1664, though other sources mention the Engle family and the heavily forested areas of the community as the derivation of the name. Other sources indicate that the name is derived from "wood ingle", meaning "woody nook", or that the name was coined anew.

Numerous other settlements in the United States were named for Englewood as settlement in North America expanded westward. J. Wyman Jones is credited with convincing residents to choose Englewood for the city's name when it was incorporated over such alternatives as "Brayton" and "Paliscena".

Pre-Colonial and Colonial era

Englewood, like the rest of New Jersey, was populated by Lenape Native Americans prior to European colonization. The Lenape who lived in the Englewood region were of the "turtle clan" which used a stylized turtle as its symbol, but little else is known of those inhabitants.

When Henry Hudson sailed up what would become known as the Hudson River in 1607, he claimed the entirety of the watershed of the river, including Englewood, for the Netherlands, making the future region of Englewood a part of New Netherland. However, the region remained largely unsettled under Dutch rule as the Dutch did little to encourage settlement north of modern Hudson County, as the imposing New Jersey Palisades blocked expansion on the west bank of the Hudson.

GarretLydeckerHouse
The Garret Lydecker House was built in 1808.

In 1664, after the Dutch surrendered all of New Netherland to England, the rate of settlement picked up. The English were generous with land grants, and many families, not only English but also Dutch and Huguenot, settled the area, which during the colonial era was known as the English Neighborhood. Street names in Englewood still recall the relative diversity of its earliest settlers; Brinckerhoff, Van Brunt, Lydecker, Van Nostrand and Durie (Duryea), all Dutch; Demarest (de Marais), DeMott and Lozier (Le Sueur), French Huguenot; and Moore, Lawrence, Cole and Day, English.

Historic sites

Sites in the city listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:

  • John G. Benson House (at 60 Grand Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
  • Thomas Demarest House (at 370 Grand Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
  • Garret Lydecker House (at 228 Grand Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
  • St. Paul's Episcopal Church (at 113 Engle Street; added May 5, 2014)
  • Peter Westervelt House and Barn (at 290 Grand Avenue; added March 19, 1975)

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Englewood had a total area of 4.937 square miles (12.786 km2), including 4.914 square miles (12.727 km2) of land and 0.023 square miles (0.060 km2) of water (0.47%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Highwood.

The city borders Bergenfield, Englewood Cliffs, Fort Lee, Leonia, Teaneck and Tenafly.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 6,253
1910 9,924 58.7%
1920 11,627 17.2%
1930 17,805 53.1%
1940 18,966 6.5%
1950 23,145 22.0%
1960 26,057 12.6%
1970 24,985 −4.1%
1980 23,701 −5.1%
1990 24,850 4.8%
2000 26,203 5.4%
2010 27,147 3.6%
2020 29,308 8.0%
Population sources:
1900-1920 1900-1910
1900-1930 1900-2010
2000 2010 2020

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 27,147 people, 10,057 households, and 6,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,524.6 per square mile (2,133.1/km2). There were 10,695 housing units at an average density of 2,176.5 per square mile (840.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 45.28% (12,292) White, 32.58% (8,845) Black or African American, 0.54% (147) Native American, 8.10% (2,199) Asian, 0.04% (12) Pacific Islander, 9.73% (2,641) from other races, and 3.72% (1,011) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.48% (7,460) of the population.

There were 10,057 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,915 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,291) and the median family income was $87,361 (+/- $9,616). Males had a median income of $58,776 (+/- $7,972) versus $48,571 (+/- $3,984) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,533 (+/- $2,981). About 6.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed 73 households in 2010, an increase from the 63 counted in 2000.

Parks and recreation

Flat Rock Brook dam jeh
The 150-acre Flat Rock Brook nature preserve is located in Englewood.

MacKay Park, located on North Van Brunt Street, includes an ice hockey rink, a pool, a walking path, and athletic fields.

Flat Rock Brook Nature Center, located at 433 Van Nostrand Avenue, is made up of the remnants of the Palisades Forest. The center, established in 1973, is a 150-acre (61 ha) preserve and education center that includes 3.6 miles (5.8 km) of walking trails and several gardens including the newly renovated Butterfly Garden. Flat Rock allows visitors to learn about the natural ecosystem preserved in the park through exhibits and tours available year-round.

Transportation

Roads and highways

2020-07-07 17 43 59 View north along the local lanes of Interstate 95 (Bergen-Passaic Expressway) at Exit 71 (Englewood) on the border of Englewood and Leonia in Bergen County, New Jersey
I-95 northbound at the exit for Englewood

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 75.06 miles (120.80 km) of roadways, of which 64.30 miles (103.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.39 miles (13.50 km) by Bergen County, 1.94 miles (3.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 0.43 miles (0.69 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Interstate 95 is the most prominent highway serving Englewood. It travels through Englewood for 0.43 miles (0.69 km) near the city's southern border with Leonia. Originally built by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, this section is now owned and operated as part of the New Jersey Turnpike, though it is not tolled.

Route 4, Route 93, County Route 501, and County Route 505 also directly serve Englewood. The northern terminus of Route 93 is at the intersection with Route 4, but the road continues north as CR 501.

Aerial view above Englewood, New Jersey
Aerial view of the George Washington Bridge and Manhattan from above Englewood, New Jersey

Public transportation

Several NJ Transit bus lines serve Englewood. The 166 provides local and express service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 186 provide service to / from the George Washington Bridge Bus Station in uptown Manhattan; and the 756 and 780 offer local service. Rockland Coaches provides scheduled service to / from the Port Authority Bus Terminal on Routes 21T, 14ET, 11T, 11AT, 20, and 20T. Saddle River Tours / Ameribus provides rush hour service on weekdays to / from the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on the 11C and 20/84 routes.

Erie Railroad's suburban Northern Branch (NRRNJ) started passenger service in Englewood in 1859, at various stations including the still extant building at Depot Square. It originated/terminated at Pavonia Terminal on the Hudson River in Jersey City and was ended in September 1966 (by which time trains had been redirected to Hoboken Terminal).

The Northern Branch Corridor Project is a proposed NJ Transit (NJT) project to extend the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail along the line providing service to newly built stations along the route. The line would stop at Englewood Route 4 and Englewood Town Center and terminate at Englewood Hospital and Medical Center. A station stop at Depot Square is the city's much-preferred alternative to NJT's proposed new Englewood Town Center Station to the south. Englewood Mayor Frank Huttle III has worked together with Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop to advocate on behalf of the project and obtain the needed state and federal funding needed to proceed with the plan, with Huttle emphasizing the economic benefits from the project and that the city wanted to host the terminus, which would include a parking garage near Englewood Hospital and additional parking near Palisade Avenue in the commercial center of the city.

Sports

Englewood Golf Club is a former golf club that was located between Englewood and Leonia. It hosted the 1909 U.S. Open tournament.

Englewood Field Club is a sports club that features tennis courts, a pool, and an outdoor hockey rink.

Education

Public schools

The Englewood Public School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. It operates Dwight Morrow High School. Students from Englewood Cliffs attend Dwight Morrow High School, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Cliffs Public Schools.

As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 3,078 students and 247.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are D. A. Quarles Early Childhood Center with 417 students in grades PreK-K, Dr. John Grieco Elementary School with 394 students in grades 1-2, McCloud School with 580 students in grades 3-5, Janis E. Dismus Middle School with 563 students in grades 6-8 and Dwight Morrow High School / Academies @ Englewood with 1,063 students in grades 9-12. In 2009, Cleveland School was renamed in memory of the district's first African-American principal, Dr. Leroy McCloud, who had a 50-year career in the district.

Public school students from the city, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.

As an alternative to regular public education, the city is home of the Englewood on the Palisades Charter School, which had an enrollment of 317 students in Kindergarten through fifth grade, as of the 2018–19 school year. Shalom Academy, a charter school with a focus on Hebrew language immersion, had planned to open for grades K-5 in September 2011, serving students from both Englewood and Teaneck, but failed to receive final approval from the New Jersey Department of Education.

Private schools

Englewood is the home to a number of private schools. Dwight-Englewood School, serves 900 students in pre-kindergarten through 12th grade, housed in three separate divisions. Founded in 1930, Elisabeth Morrow School serves students in preschool through eighth grade. Moriah School of Englewood, one of the county's largest, is a Jewish day school with an enrollment that had been as high as 1,000 students in preschool through eighth grade. Yeshiva Ohr Simcha serves students in high school for grades 9-12 and offers a postgraduate yeshiva program.

In the face of a declining enrollment, St. Cecilia Interparochial School was closed by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark at the end of the 2010–11 school year, with an expected student body of 85 students for K-8 in the following year constituting less than half of the number of students needed to keep the school financially viable. St. Cecilia High School, where Vince Lombardi coached football 1939–47, had been closed in 1986.

Notable people

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