Englewood, New Jersey facts for kids
|Englewood, New Jersey|
|City of Englewood|
Downtown Englewood, New Jersey
Map highlighting Englewood's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood, New Jersey
|Incorporated||March 17, 1899|
|Named for||Engle family or
|• Total||4.937 sq mi (12.786 km2)|
|• Land||4.914 sq mi (12.727 km2)|
|• Water||0.023 sq mi (0.060 km2) 0.47%|
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||28,539|
|• Rank||88th of 566 in state
6th of 70 in county
|• Density||5,524.6/sq mi (2,133.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||96th of 566 in state
26th of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885209|
Englewood is a city located in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 27,147, reflecting an increase of 944 (+3.6%) from the 26,203 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,353 (+5.4%) from the 24,850 counted in the 1990 Census.
Englewood was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1899, from portions of Ridgefield Township and the remaining portions of Englewood Township. With the creation of the City of Englewood, Englewood Township was dissolved. An earlier referendum on March 10, 1896, was declared unconstitutional.
Origin of name
Englewood Township, the city's predecessor, is believed to have been named in 1859 for the Engle family. The community had been called the "English Neighborhood", as the first primarily English-speaking settlement on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River after New Netherland was annexed by England in 1664, though other sources mention the Engle family and the heavily forested areas of the community as the derivation of the name. Other sources indicate that the name is derived from "wood ingle", meaning "woody nook", or that the name was coined anew.
Numerous other settlements in the United States were named for Englewood as settlement in North America expanded westward. J. Wyman Jones is credited with convincing residents to choose Englewood for the city's name when it was incorporated over such alternatives as "Brayton" and "Paliscena".
Pre-Colonial and Colonial era
Englewood, like the rest of New Jersey, was populated by Lenape Native Americans prior to European colonization. The Lenape who lived in the Englewood region were of the "turtle clan" which used a stylized turtle as its symbol, but little else is known of those inhabitants.
When Henry Hudson sailed up what would become known as the Hudson River in 1607, he claimed the entirety of the watershed of the river, including Englewood, for the Netherlands, making the future region of Englewood a part of New Netherland. However, the region remained largely unsettled under Dutch rule as the Dutch did little to encourage settlement north of modern Hudson County, as the imposing New Jersey Palisades blocked expansion on the west bank of the Hudson.
In 1664, after the Dutch surrendered all of New Netherland to England, the rate of settlement picked up. The English were generous with land grants, and many families, not only English but also Dutch and Huguenot, settled the area, which during the colonial era was known as the English Neighborhood. Street names in Englewood still recall the relative diversity of its earliest settlers; Brinckerhoff, Van Brunt, Lydecker, Van Nostrand and Durie (Duryea), all Dutch; Demarest (de Marais), DeMott and Lozier (Le Sueur), French Huguenot; and Moore, Lawrence, Cole and Day, English.
From 1906 until March 16, 1907, when it burned down, Englewood was the site of Upton Sinclair's socialist-inflected intentional community, the Helicon Home Colony. Associated with the project were Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Sinclair Lewis.
The United States telephone industry introduced direct distance dialing (DDD) to the public in Englewood. On November 10, 1951, Englewood Mayor M. Leslie Denning made the first customer-dialed long distance call, to Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, California. As of that date, customers of the ENglewood 3, ENglewood 4 and TEaneck 7 exchanges, who could already dial some exchanges in the New York City area, were able to dial 11 cities across the United States by dialing the three-digit area code preceding the local number.
Sites in the city listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:
- John G. Benson House (at 60 Grand Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
- Thomas Demarest House (at 370 Grand Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
- Garret Lydecker House (at 228 Grand Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church (at 113 Engle Street; added May 5, 2014)
- Peter Westervelt House and Barn (at 290 Grand Avenue; added March 19, 1975)
According to the United States Census Bureau, Englewood had a total area of 4.937 square miles (12.786 km2), including 4.914 square miles (12.727 km2) of land and 0.023 square miles (0.060 km2) of water (0.47%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Highwood.
As of the census of 2010, there were 27,147 people, 10,057 households, and 6,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,524.6 per square mile (2,133.1/km2). There were 10,695 housing units at an average density of 2,176.5 per square mile (840.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 45.28% (12,292) White, 32.58% (8,845) Black or African American, 0.54% (147) Native American, 8.10% (2,199) Asian, 0.04% (12) Pacific Islander, 9.73% (2,641) from other races, and 3.72% (1,011) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.48% (7,460) of the population.
There were 10,057 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,915 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,291) and the median family income was $87,361 (+/- $9,616). Males had a median income of $58,776 (+/- $7,972) versus $48,571 (+/- $3,984) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,533 (+/- $2,981). About 6.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
Same-sex couples headed 73 households in 2010, an increase from the 63 counted in 2000.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,203 people, 9,273 households, and 6,481 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,322.0 people per square mile (2,056.3/km2). There were 9,614 housing units at an average density of 1,952.7 per square mile (754.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.49% White, 38.98% African American, 0.27% Native American, 5.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.50% from other races, and 4.50% from two or more races. 21.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
7.17% of Englewood residents identified themselves as being of Colombian American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the ninth-highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States.
There were 9,273 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $58,379, and the median income for a family was $67,194. Males had a median income of $41,909 versus $34,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,275. 8.9% of the population and 6.6% of families were below the poverty line. 10.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Parks and recreation
MacKay Park, located on North Van Brunt Street, includes an ice hockey rink, a pool, a walking path, and athletic fields.
Flat Rock Brook Nature Center, located at 433 Van Nostrand Avenue, is made up of the remnants of the Palisades Forest. The center, established in 1973, is a 150-acre (61 ha) preserve and education center that includes 3.6 miles (5.8 km) of walking trails and several gardens including the newly renovated Butterfly Garden. Flat Rock allows visitors to learn about the natural ecosystem preserved in the park through exhibits and tours available year-round.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 75.06 miles (120.80 km) of roadways, of which 64.30 miles (103.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.39 miles (13.50 km) by Bergen County, 1.94 miles (3.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 0.43 miles (0.69 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Route 4, Route 93, Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike), County Route 501, and County Route 505 also serve Englewood. The northern terminus of Route 93 is at the intersection with Route 4, but the road continues north as CR 501.
The New Jersey Turnpike travels through Englewood for 0.43 miles (0.69 km) near the city's southern border with Leonia, as Interstate 95 arches north from its intersection with Interstate 80 in Teaneck and heads toward the George Washington Bridge.
Several NJ Transit bus lines serve Englewood. The 166 provides local and express service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 186 provide service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station; and the 756 and 780 offer local service. Rockland Coaches provides scheduled service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal on Routes 21T, 14ET, 11T, 11AT, 20, and 20T. Saddle River Tours/Ameribus provides service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on route 11C.
Erie Railroad's suburban Northern Branch (NRRNJ) started passenger service in Englewood in 1859, at various stations including the still extant building at Depot Square. It originated/terminated at Pavonia Terminal on the Hudson River in Jersey City and was curtailed in 1966 (by which time trains had been redirected to Hoboken Terminal).
The Northern Branch Corridor Project is a proposed NJ Transit (NJT) project to extend the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail along the line providing service to newly-built stations along the route. The line would stop near the intersection of Route 4 and Route 93, a new Englewood Town Center and terminate at Englewood Hospital and Medical Center. A station stop at Depot Square is the city's much-preferred alternative to NJT's proposed new Englewood Town Center Station to the south. Englewood Mayor Frank Huttle III has worked together with Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop to advocate on behalf of the project and obtain the needed state and federal funding needed to proceed with the plan, with Huttle emphasizing the economic benefits from the project and that the city wanted to host the terminus, which would include a parking garage near Englewood Hospital and additional parking near Palisade Avenue in the commercial center of the city.
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