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Eromanga, Queensland facts for kids

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Eromanga quilpie (4017367169).jpg
Oil pumpjack near Eromanga
Eromanga is located in Queensland
Location in Queensland
Population 119 (2016 census)
Postcode(s) 4480
LGA(s) Shire of Quilpie
County Gordon
State electorate(s) Warrego
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Localities around Eromanga:
Windorah Jundah Adavale
Tanbar Eromanga Quilpie
Durham Noccundra Thargomindah

Eromanga is a small town and locality in the Shire of Quilpie in South West Queensland, Australia. At the 2016 census, the locality of Eromanga had a population of 119. However, the town of Eromanga has a population averaging from 30 to 40.


The town lies on the edge of what is called the Eromanga Inland Sea, which existed in the Early Cretaceous. The Eromanga region has abundant oil wells and opal mines. There are also agricultural industries such as cattle and sheep as many pioneering property owners came and took up land in the 1860s. Dinosaur fossils, including Australia's largest dinosaur a titanosaur species of sauropod, have also been found here making it an area of interest for palaeontologists.

Eromanga has been touted as the town in Australia located the farthest from any ocean. However, this claim does not stand up to scrutiny. See Pole of inaccessibility for approximations of other locations in Australia that could also make such claims.


The name of the town Eromanga goes back as far as about 1860. The name is thought to have come from an Aboriginal word that means "hot gale plain" or "windy plain", though the language and dialect is unknown.

Eromanga Post Office opened by October 1902 (a receiving office had been open from 1892).

Eromanga Provisional School opened on 5 July 1897 but closed in 1908. In 1910 it reopened as Eromanga State School but closed again on 28 February 1911. The school reopened on 23 October 1917 but closed again. It reopened in 1919 until it closed on 22 March 1936. It reopened on 28 May 1956 and closed again on 11 December 1981. It reopened 29 January 1990.


The Eromanga Refinery is an oil microrefinery which is specialized in producing mining equipment fuel.

There are also agricultural industries such as cattle and sheep as many pioneering property owners came and took up land in the 1860s.


Eromanga State School is a government primary (P-7) school located in Donald Street (26°40′10″S 143°16′08″E / 26.66944°S 143.26889°E / -26.66944; 143.26889 (Eromanga State School)). Between 2010 and 2013, the school had 5 or 6 students enrolled. All students have an individual learning plan. There is one permanent teacher, a teacher aide (partly funded by the community) plus visiting teachers from other schools.

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