Roma, Queensland facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Roma
Queensland
Roma Overhead.jpg
Aerial view of Roma
Population: 6906
Established: 1867
Postcode: 4455
Elevation: 299.4 m (982 ft)
Location:
LGA: Maranoa Region
State District: Warrego
Federal Division: Maranoa
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
27.7 °C
82 °F
12.7 °C
55 °F
591.5 mm
23.3 in
Localities around Roma:
Euthulla Orange Hill
Euthulla
Euthulla
Dargal Road Roma Euthulla
Tingun
Bungil Bungil Tingun

Roma is a town and locality in the Maranoa Region, Queensland, Australia. The town was incorporated in 1867 and is named after Lady Diamantina Bowen (née di Roma), the wife of Sir George Bowen, the Governor of Queensland at the time. It is in the Maranoa electoral district. It also serves as a centre for the larger Maranoa Region. At the 2011 census, Roma had a population of 6,906.

Geography

Roma is in the Maranoa district of South West Queensland, Australia, 515 km (320 mi) by rail WNW of Brisbane. It is situated at the junction of the Warrego and Carnarvon highways. It is the centre of a rich pastoral and wheat-growing district.

History

Roma was named after Lady Diamantina Bowen (Contessa Diamantina di Roma), wife of the first Governor of Queensland, George Bowen, in 1867. In 1863 Samuel Symons Bassett brought Queensland's vine cuttings to Roma and established the Romaville Winery and a century later, Roma was the site of Australia's first oil and gas discoveries.

Captain Starlight, a cattle rustler, was tried and acquitted in the Roma Courthouse in February 1873. No successful conviction for cattle rustling has been made in Roma.

Heritage listings

Roma has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • 75 Arthur Street: State Butchers Shop
  • 42 Bungil Street: Roma Government Complex (former Roma State School)
  • 38–44 Hawthorne Street: Hibernian Hall
  • McDowall Street: Roma Court House and Police Buildings
  • 86 McDowell Street: Hunter's Emporium
  • 77 Northern Road: Romavilla Winery
  • Warrego Highway, Bungeworgorai: Mount Abundance Homestead
  • Wyndham Street: War Memorial and Heroes Avenue

Climate

Roma has a humid subtropical climate, which gets enough precipitation to avoid the semi-arid climate. Its location on the far south of the Carnarvon Range at an elevation of 299 meters above sea level means that it is cooler and wetter than the plains to the south and west, while being warmer and drier than areas to the north and east.

Temperatures in Roma range from 34 °C in summer to 20 °C in winter and winter minimums can drop below freezing; however, it seldom gets colder than −3 °C. Rainfall is mild and distributed fairly evenly throughout the year, with an annual average of 587.9 mm (23.15 in), however it peaks in summer due to frequent showers and thunderstorms. Roma is usually too far inland to experience the influence of tropical cyclones and monsoonal rain depressions, however there are exceptions, and these systems have caused significant flooding in the town.

Extremes have ranged from 45.8 °C (115.2 °F) to −5.8 °C (23.4 °F).


Climate data for Roma (Roma Airport 1985–2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.8
(114.4)
42.7
(108.9)
42.9
(109.2)
36.7
(98.1)
31.6
(88.9)
29.7
(85.5)
29.7
(85.5)
36.5
(97.7)
40.1
(104.2)
41.9
(107.4)
43.3
(109.9)
45.5
(113.9)
45.8
(114.4)
Average high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.4
(88.5)
28.0
(82.4)
23.8
(74.8)
20.3
(68.5)
20.2
(68.4)
22.6
(72.7)
26.6
(79.9)
29.8
(85.6)
32.0
(89.6)
33.2
(91.8)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.9
(69.6)
20.0
(68)
17.3
(63.1)
12.4
(54.3)
7.7
(45.9)
5.3
(41.5)
3.7
(38.7)
4.8
(40.6)
9.3
(48.7)
13.6
(56.5)
17.4
(63.3)
19.3
(66.7)
12.6
(54.7)
Record low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
9.5
(49.1)
4.3
(39.7)
-0.6
(30.9)
-2.9
(26.8)
-4.5
(23.9)
-5.5
(22.1)
-5.8
(21.6)
-3.5
(25.7)
1.4
(34.5)
4.2
(39.6)
7.8
(46)
-5.8
(21.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 70.9
(2.791)
87.1
(3.429)
54.6
(2.15)
35.7
(1.406)
35.0
(1.378)
29.6
(1.165)
22.7
(0.894)
23.9
(0.941)
24.0
(0.945)
50.9
(2.004)
61.5
(2.421)
83.2
(3.276)
579.1
(22.799)
Humidity 34 41 34 33 37 41 38 31 27 28 32 33 34
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 6.5 7.8 4.3 4.0 4.7 4.8 4.2 3.6 4.1 5.7 7.5 8.2 65.4
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Flooding

The town is situated on Bungil Creek, a tributary of the Condamine River. In March 2010, Roma experienced its worst floods in over 100 years. Flooding also occurred in April 2011, a year of record rainfall in Roma. In early February 2012, Roma was devastated by its worst floods in history, eclipsing the level reached in 2010; 444 homes were inundated, twice as many that were flooded in the two previous years.

Having experienced three successive years of flooding, in May 2012, one insurer, Suncorp, announced it would not issue new policies to Roma residents, unless action was taken to mitigate the flood risk in Roma.

Tourist attractions

Local tourist attractions include the Big Rig and Oil and Gas Museum, Romavilla Winery and Roma Saleyards. The winery is the oldest in Queensland. To the north of the town is Carnarvon Gorge in Carnarvon National Park. Over the Easter period, Roma holds an Easter in the Country event. The Roma Show is also held around Easter.

Amenities

Hotels, pubs, and churches feature prominently near the centre of town. The ten hotels are within easy walking distance with most adjacent to another hotel. is a copy of a 13th Century English Church in the shape of crucifix.

Roma has a range of facilities open to the general public. These include a public library, swimming pool, golf course, bowling green, Bassett Park showground, visitor information centre and a number of sporting clubs and civic facilities. The Airport has regular flights from Brisbane.

Military History

During World War 2, Roma was the location of RAAF No.22 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot (IAFD), completed in 1942 and closed on 29 August 1944. Usually consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000).


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