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Surat, Queensland facts for kids

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Cobb and Co Changing Station
Population 426 (2011 census)
Established 1849
Postcode(s) 4417
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
LGA(s) Maranoa Region
State electorate(s) Warrego
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
27.8 °C
82 °F
13 °C
55 °F
574.7 mm
22.6 in

Surat is a small rural town on the Balonne River, approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) south of Roma on the Carnarvon Highway in South West Queensland. It is 450 kilometres (280 mi) west of Brisbane. At the 2011 census, Surat had a population of 426.

The district was first mapped by Surveyor-General Sir Thomas Mitchell in 1846. By the end of the 1840s pastoralists had penetrated the area, and in 1849 Mitchell directed a surveyor, Burrowes, to select a township site on the Balonne River. Burrowes did so and named it after the diamond-polishing city of Surat, after his former place of residence in present-day Gujarat state, then known as the Bombay Province, India.

There are oil fields further south.


Surat has a public library, a Cobb & Co changing station, social history museum, theatre and shire hall and the Balonne gallery.

Heritage listings

Surat has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

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