Dalby, Queensland facts for kids

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Dalby
Queensland
DalbyMainStreet.JPG
Main street of Dalby
Population: 12299
Postcode: 4405
Elevation: 343.8 m (1,128 ft)
Location:
LGA: Western Downs Region
State District: Condamine
Federal Division: Maranoa
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
26.3 °C
79 °F
11.9 °C
53 °F
682.5 mm
26.9 in

Dalby /ˈdɒlbi/ is a town in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia, and is approximately 208 kilometres (129 mi) north northwest of the state capital, Brisbane, at the junction of the Warrego, Moonie and Bunya Highways. Dalby is the administrative centre of the Western Downs Region and the centre of Australia's richest grain and cotton growing area. At the 2011 census, Dalby had a population of 12,299.

The name of the town is believed to come from the village of Dalby on the Isle of Man and reflects immigration from the Isle of Man in the mid-19th century. The name was apparently chosen by Captain Samuel Perry when he surveyed the settlement in 1853.

Dalby was linked by rail to Ipswich on 20 April 1868.

History

Dalby main street ca. 1915
Children marching in the main street, ca. 1915

Dalby was founded in the early 1840s at a place known locally as "The Crossing" on Myall Creek, a tributary of the Condamine River. The first settler was Henry Dennis, who explored the region and chose land for himself and others in the locality. Today an obelisk in Edward Street denotes the location where Dennis camped. A small settlement was founded to assist travellers heading north to nearby Jimbour Station. The explorer Ludwig Leichhardt visited the area in 1844, on his way to Port Essington.

In February 1853, the New South Wales government sent the Deputy Surveyor General Captain Samuel Perry to the area to survey a township. In August of the following year, Mr Charles Douglas Eastaughffe arrived with a document under the Seal of the NSW Government officially proclaiming 'Dalby' a township. Mr Eastaughffe was later appointed Chief Constable and remained in Dalby until his retirement. Myall Creek Post Office also opened in 1854 in Roche's store, with Mr Simpson as the first postmaster. It was renamed Dalby in 1855.

In 1859, Dalby was made part of the new state of Queensland. In August 1863 Dalby was officially proclaimed a municipality in the Government Gazette, and was invested with all the trappings of the Westminster System.

From 1873 to 1949 the electoral district of Dalby was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland.

Dalby was believed to have a healthy climate and in 1900 the Queensland Government built the Jubilee Sanitorium for consumptive patients. In 1904 the Dalby Town Council erected therapeutic thermal baths using artesian water from a local bore for those wishing to improve their health by "taking the waters". In 1938, the council closed the artesian baths as interest in "taking the waters" was declining. Medical opinion became increasingly doubtful of the benefits of bathing in mineral waters, favouring drugs and physiotherapy as better treatments.

Dalby Sir Joshua Thomas Bell Memorial
Dalby War Memorial, 2008

The Dalby War Memorial was unveiled by the Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan, on 26 July 1922.

Heritage listings

Dalby has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • 133 Cunningham Street: former Dalby Town Council Chambers and Offices
  • 153 Cunningham Street: St John's Anglican Church
  • 169 Cunningham Street: St Columba's Convent
  • 21 New Street: Dalby Fire Station
  • Patrick Street: Dalby War Memorial and Gates
  • 58 Patrick Street: Dalby Olympic Swimming Pool

Climate

Dalby has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification) and being located just to the west of the Great Dividing Range it is hotter and less humid in summer and colder and drier in winter than nearby locations on the other side of the range. Dalby has had a recording weather station since 1893, but that was replaced in 1992 by another station at the Dalby Airport. The towns highest recorded temperature is 45.6 °C (114.1 °F) on 4 December 1913, while the coldest was −7.2 °C (19.0 °F) on 5 July 1895. The annual rainfall is 681.2 mm (26.8 in), the majority of which falls as thunderstorms in the summer months.

Dalby experienced its worst floods since 1981 in late December 2010. The town's water purification system was flooded, resulting in water restrictions that have hampered clean-up efforts. 112,500 litres (24,700 imp gal; 29,700 US gal) of water were transported to the town of 14,000 residents. In early March 2013, Dalby received another severe flood, cutting the town in two after 122 mm (4.8 in) of rain was recorded over a few days. Flood waters peaked at 3.21 meters and a number of homes received water damage.


Climate data for Dalby (Dalby Post Office, 1893–1992)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.9
(112.8)
41.1
(106)
41.6
(106.9)
36.1
(97)
32.1
(89.8)
30.6
(87.1)
27.9
(82.2)
32.2
(90)
35.8
(96.4)
39.4
(102.9)
41.1
(106)
45.6
(114.1)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
29.7
(85.5)
26.6
(79.9)
22.6
(72.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.7
(65.7)
20.8
(69.4)
24.2
(75.6)
27.6
(81.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
26.3
(79.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.2
(64.8)
16.4
(61.5)
12.4
(54.3)
8.2
(46.8)
5.4
(41.7)
4.1
(39.4)
5.2
(41.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.6
(54.7)
15.6
(60.1)
17.6
(63.7)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
8.9
(48)
3.9
(39)
0.6
(33.1)
-2.2
(28)
-6.1
(21)
-7.2
(19)
-5.4
(22.3)
-3.9
(25)
-3.3
(26.1)
4.4
(39.9)
5.0
(41)
-7.2
(19)
Rainfall mm (inches) 88.0
(3.465)
76.6
(3.016)
68.4
(2.693)
40.9
(1.61)
35.2
(1.386)
39.3
(1.547)
40.1
(1.579)
28.7
(1.13)
36.8
(1.449)
58.5
(2.303)
74.5
(2.933)
95.5
(3.76)
682.5
(26.87)
Humidity 43 45 45 43 46 49 46 41 38 39 38 40 43
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 8.0 6.7 6.3 4.4 4.5 5.1 5.0 4.3 4.8 6.5 6.9 8.2 70.7
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Development

Dalby aerial
Aerial view of the town taken in 2008.

The opening of a shopping centre at the northern end of Cunningham Street has brought new life to the Dalby CBD. Dalby Shoppingworld includes Woolworths, Big W, Amcal and other speciality shops.

Dalby's Water Treatment Plant uses a state-of-the-art reverse osmosis process, and will soon have a second RO plant to cater for the town's increasing needs. The town has made a ground-breaking deal with nearby gas companies by taking water from gas fields. It has been noted that the town will have a definite water supply for at least another 30 years, taking into account demographic trends.

Dalby's population has been increasing rapidly recently with many new estates created and subdivisions made. Some notable new estates include Sunnyside Estate, Heritage Gardens, Callistemon Park and a new estate on the Warrego Highway side of Sandalwood Avenue.

Monument to Cactoblastis

Cactoblastis monument, Dalby, Queensland, Australia
Dalby Cactoblastis monument

Dalby has a monument to the Cactoblastis cactorum in a park by the Myall Creek which runs through the town. The Argentinian caterpillar successfully eradicated the prickly pear in the 1920s.


Dalby, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.