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Fair Grove, Missouri
"The Old Mill Town"
Country United States
State Missouri
County Greene
 • Total 3.19 sq mi (8.25 km2)
 • Land 3.19 sq mi (8.25 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,211 ft (369 m)
 • Total 1,582
 • Estimate 
 • Density 479.76/sq mi (185.25/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-23338
GNIS feature ID 0717724

Fair Grove is a city in Greene County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,582 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Springfield, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.


A post office called Fair Grove has been in operation since 1856. The community was named for a grove of trees near the original town site.

The Boegel and Hine Flour Mill-Wommack Mill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.


Fair Grove is located at 37°22′52″N 93°9′4″W / 37.38111°N 93.15111°W / 37.38111; -93.15111 (37.380992, -93.150996). Fair Grove is located about 14 miles (23 km) north of Springfield, Missouri on Highway 65. MODOT upgraded the four lane Highway 65 south to Springfield, connecting with 4 lanes south to Branson and Buffalo, MO.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.18 square miles (8.24 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 72
1970 431
1980 863 100.2%
1990 919 6.5%
2000 1,107 20.5%
2010 1,393 25.8%
2019 (est.) 1,529 9.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,393 people, 529 households, and 389 families residing in the city. The population density was 438.1 inhabitants per square mile (169.2/km2). There were 580 housing units at an average density of 182.4 per square mile (70.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 529 households, of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.5% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 29.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

Arts and culture

The most notable event that takes place in Fair Grove each year is the Fair Grove Heritage Reunion. This always takes place the last full weekend in September. This festival has its roots in the Fair Grove Arts and Crafts Festival which started in 1978. Dan and Betty Manning organized a gathering of 12 local craftsmen to sell their wares on the square.

That first year, Granny Poke, in a bedraggled cookshack, fired up her wood stove to cook a batch of brown beans, poke greens, homemade fruit cobbler and cornbread. A short parade began the two-day event, with a small crowd attending. A few men of the town gathered at the mill to learn log splitting and shingle riving, and Sassafras tea, pawpaws and hickory nuts were available, just for the asking.

Since those early years, the organizers of that first festival have seen many changes and improvements. Today, the crowd estimate during the Fair Grove Heritage Reunion is 40,000 to 50,000 on Saturday and around 30,000 on Sunday. The number of booths have increased to almost 400, with many featuring demonstrations, such as weaving, bobbin lace and soap making. The two-day event still includes a parade and a church service in front of the historic mill.

Activities abound throughout the show area. Some of the favorites include corn grinding in the Boegel & Hine Flour Mill, working draft teams, an antique tractor rodeo, horse and mule obstacle course and wheat threshing. Primitive gasoline engines and steam-powered engines are furnished through the Early Day Gas Engines and Tractor Association, Branch 16 and The Ozark Steam Engine Association. Demonstrations of corn shredders and a corn shellers also occur throughout the day.

The 2012 the Festival had an estimated 80,000 attendance. In 2007, the festival parade was the longest ever (over 3 hours long) in celebration of the City's 40th Anniversary.


Fair Grove R-10 School District is a K-12 school district located at 132 N. Main Street in Fair Grove. The school district is again for the ninth year out of 10 and for the last four years Accredited with Distinction in Performance. This is the highest accreditation awarded by the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. The school enrollment is 1,140 students in the learning centers: grades PreK–4, 5–8, and 9–12. In addition to the basic courses, instruction is provided through classes of remediation, special needs, enrichment, college preparatory, advanced, vocational courses, area vocational school, dual credit and distant learning courses with nearby universities. This district far exceeds the educational opportunities required by the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

In 2007, voters approved a tax bond for new construction projects and for renovation of current space. In the summer of 2008 the construction was completed on the new Middle School that was built in 2007 as a result of the tax bond. The New Middle School was opened for the 2008–09 school year. As of May 2013, Fair Grove completed a new FEMA storm shelter / safe room that the school and community can utilize during a tornado warning. The safe room was featured on the Today show on May 22, 2013 as reported by, Fair Grove's main source for photos, news and information. Fair Grove made national news in 2009 due to part of the school being destroyed during the May 2009 Southern Plains derecho event and the community has since taken steps to help protect the school and its students.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Fair Grove (Misuri) para niños

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