Faustin Soulouque facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsFaustin I
|Emperor of Haiti|
|Reign||25 August 1849 – 15 January 1859|
|Coronation||18 April 1852|
(as President of Haiti)
|Successor||Fabre Geffrard (as President of Haiti)|
|7th President of Haiti|
|Reign||1 March 1847 – 25 August 1849|
(as Emperor of Haiti)
15 August 1782|
|Died||3 August 1867
Emperor Faustin-Élie Soulouque, Emperor of Hayti (15 August 1782 – 3 August 1867) was a Haitian politician and military commander who served as President of Haiti from 1847 to 1849 and Emperor of Haiti from 1849 to 1859.
Soulouque was a general in the Haitian Army when he was appointed President of Haiti, acquiring autocratic powers to purge the army of the ruling elite, install black loyalists in administrative positions and the nobility, and created a secret police and a personal army. Soulouque was an enthusiastic vodouisant, maintaining a staff of bocors and mambos, and gave the stigmatized vodou religion semi-official status which was openly practiced in Port-au-Prince. Soulouque declared the Second Haitian Empire in 1849 after being proclaimed Emperor under the name Faustin I, and formally crowned in 1852. Several unsuccessful attempts to reconquer the Dominican Republic eroded his support and he abdicated in 1859 under pressure from General Fabre Geffrard and Dominican military victory. Soulouque was temporarily exiled to Jamaica before returning to Haiti where he died in 1867.
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Faustin Soulouque Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.