Frederick, Oklahoma facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Frederick, Oklahoma
City
Grand Hotel in 2012
Grand Hotel in 2012
Location of Frederick within Oklahoma
Location of Frederick within Oklahoma
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Tillman
Area
 • Total 4.934957 sq mi (12.781479 km2)
 • Land 4.924858 sq mi (12.755324 km2)
 • Water 0.010099 sq mi (0.026155 km2)
Elevation 1,306 ft (398 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,940
 • Density 798.4/sq mi (308.3/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73542
Area code 580
FIPS code 40-27800
GNIS feature ID 1093029

Frederick is a city and county seat of Tillman County, Oklahoma, United States. Once titled "The Friendly City", its charm and receptiveness leaves visitors feeling like locals. The population was 3,940 at the 2010 census. It is an agriculture-based community that primarily produces wheat, cotton, and cattle. Frederick is home to three dairies, a 1400-acre industrial park, and Frederick Regional Airport, which includes restored World War II hangars which house the World War II Airborne Demonstration Team.

Frederick was visited in April 1905 by then U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt while he was on a wolf hunt.

History

Originally established in 1901, the Frederick area was among the last of the Oklahoma Territory land to be opened to settlement. What is now Frederick used to be two towns: Gosnell and Hazel. Both towns were established in 1901, when the Kiowa-Comanche-Apache reservation was opened to settlement. In 1902 the towns combined in order to take advantage of the Blackwell, Enid and Southern Railroad. The new town was named Frederick, after the son of a railroad executive. Gosnell received the depot, and the residents of Hazel moved north to the new town of Frederick.The post office moved from Gosnell to Frederick, for which it was renamed in 1902.

Most of the business district was destroyed by fires in 1904 and 1905. The buildings had been made of wood, and were quickly replaced with brick.

In the spring of 1905, President Teddy Roosevelt visited Frederick to meet with Jack "Catch-'em-alive" Abernathy, the famed barehanded wolf hunter, and introduced the area to tourism and its recreational value. In 1907 the City of Frederick was incorporated, Oklahoma became a state, Frederick was named the seat of Tillman County, and the Katy Railroad came to Frederick. By 1915, Frederick had 15 miles of sidewalks and crossings, and 75 miles of wide, graded, rolled streets. The first paved streets were laid in 1918.

Frederick was a major stop on the Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway, one of the Frank Kell and Joseph A. Kemp properties which operated from 1906 to 1923 from Wichita Falls to Forgan in the Oklahoma Panhandle. The line was sold to the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad ("Katy"). The link to Frederick was abandoned in 1973, when Altus, Oklahoma became the northern terminus of the successor railroad.

The Frederick Army Air Field opened in 1941, training pilots to fly UC-78 light transport aircraft and B-25 bombers. In 1953, the base was turned over to the City of Frederick, and is now the Frederick Municipal Airport and Industrial Park.

In 1962 a flagpole was erected in Pioneer Park, fulfilling the agreement between Gosnell, Hazel and the railroad.

Geography

Frederick is located at Missing latitude in Module:Coordinates.formatTest()
(34.390171, -99.016107). It is at the junction of U. S. Highway 183 and State Highway 5. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which, 5.0 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.20% is water.

Climate

Climate data for Frederick, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32.2)
93
(33.9)
98
(36.7)
101
(38.3)
107
(41.7)
114
(45.6)
114
(45.6)
117
(47.2)
111
(43.9)
103
(39.4)
93
(33.9)
86
(30)
117
(47.2)
Average high °F (°C) 53
(11.7)
60
(15.6)
68
(20)
81
(27.2)
84
(28.9)
93
(33.9)
97
(36.1)
98
(36.7)
90
(32.2)
79
(26.1)
65
(18.3)
55
(12.8)
76.9
(24.95)
Average low °F (°C) 29
(-1.7)
33
(0.6)
39
(3.9)
49
(9.4)
58
(14.4)
67
(19.4)
71
(21.7)
70
(21.1)
63
(17.2)
52
(11.1)
40
(4.4)
31
(-0.6)
50.2
(10.09)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(-22.2)
−5
(-20.6)
3
(-16.1)
23
(-5)
35
(1.7)
43
(6.1)
52
(11.1)
48
(8.9)
34
(1.1)
17
(-8.3)
9
(-12.8)
−8
(-22.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.1
(28)
1.2
(30)
1.7
(43)
2.6
(66)
4.5
(114)
2.9
(74)
2.2
(56)
2.1
(53)
2.6
(66)
3
(76)
1.5
(38)
1.4
(36)
26.8
(681)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.2
(5.6)
1.4
(3.6)
1.2
(3)
0.2
(0.5)
0.2
(0.5)
1.5
(3.8)
6.7
(17)
Humidity 74 74 68 63 65 62 57 50 55 62 60 72 64
Avg. rainy days 3 3.2 4.4 5.7 7 5.4 4.5 4.3 4.5 5 2.9 3.5 53.4
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 3,027
1920 3,822 26.3%
1930 4,568 19.5%
1940 5,109 11.8%
1950 5,467 7.0%
1960 5,879 7.5%
1970 6,132 4.3%
1980 6,153 0.3%
1990 5,221 −15.1%
2000 4,637 −11.2%
2010 3,940 −15.0%
Est. 2015 3,692 −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,637 people, 1,797 households, and 1,211 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.3 people per square mile (361.0/km²). There were 2,145 housing units at an average density of 432.7 per square mile (167.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.04% White, 11.32% African American, 2.80% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 13.85% from other races, and 3.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.02% of the population.

There were 1,797 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,190, and the median income for a family was $28,724. Males had a median income of $22,324 versus $18,033 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,575. About 19.0% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Frederick hosts the annual Oklahoma Cotton Festival in September. The Frederick Public Library, originally funded in 1915 by the Carnegie Foundation, is still in service. The Tillman County Historical Society in the Pioneer Heritage Townsite Center features the old railroad depot and other historic buildings.


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