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Tillman County, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Tillman County
Tillman County Courthouse in September 2014
Tillman County Courthouse in September 2014
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Tillman County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Oklahoma
Founded 1907
Seat Frederick
Largest city Frederick
 • Total 879 sq mi (2,280 km2)
 • Land 871 sq mi (2,260 km2)
 • Water 8.1 sq mi (21 km2)  0.9%%
 • Total 7,992
 • Estimate 
 • Density 9.2/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Congressional district 4th

Tillman County is a county located in the southwestern part of Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,992. The county seat is Frederick.


The Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867 established a reservation in the southwestern part of Indian Territory for the Kiowa, Apache and Comanche tribes. The Jerome Commission started enrolling members of these tribes in 1892, a prerequisite to opening "excess" land for settlement by non-Indians. The first lottery was held on August 6, 1901. It was followed in 1906 by the "Big Pasture" Lottery.

The county was founded at the time of Oklahoma statehood in 1907, and was named for Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina. It had previously been part of Comanche County, Oklahoma Territory. Frederick was designated as the county seat at the time of statehood. In 1910 and 1924 portions of Kiowa County were added to the north side of the county.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 879 square miles (2,280 km2), of which 871 square miles (2,260 km2) is land and 8.1 square miles (21 km2) (0.9%) is water. It is located along the Texas border.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 18,650
1920 22,433 20.3%
1930 24,390 8.7%
1940 20,754 −14.9%
1950 17,598 −15.2%
1960 14,654 −16.7%
1970 12,901 −12.0%
1980 12,398 −3.9%
1990 10,384 −16.2%
2000 9,287 −10.6%
2010 7,992 −13.9%
2019 (est.) 7,250 −9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,992 people, 3,216 households, and 2,136 families residing in the county. The population density was 3.5/km2 (9.1/mi2). There were 4,077 housing units at an average density of 1.8/km2 (4.6/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.5% white, 7.7% Black or African American, 3.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, less than 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Just over 23% of the population was Hispanic or Latino.

There were 3,216 households, out of which 31.5% included children under the age of 18, 48.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.6% were non-families. Individuals living alone accounted for 30.3% of households and individuals age 65 years or older living alone accounted for 14%. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 3.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.9 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,437, and the median income for a family was $40,616. Males had a median income of $32,885 versus $29,757 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,541. Sixteen percent of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.



Since statehood, Tillman County's economy has depended mainly on agriculture, including the raising of livestock. The main farm crops are cotton, corn, wheat, oats, sorghum and milo (a variety of commercial sorghum). Many farms have consolidated throughout the 20th century, from 1,724 in 1930 to 587 in 2000; however, the average size increased from 188.8 acres (76.4 ha) to 819 acres (331 ha) during the same period.

Cattle ranching became prominent during the 1880s, when prominent Texas ranchers (principally Daniel and William Thomas Waggoner and Samuel Burk Burnett) leased grazing land from the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache tribes.

The U.S. military established Frederick Army Air Field in 1941 to train crews to fly Cessna UC-78 Bobcats and North American B-25 Mitchells. After the war, the former base became a civilian airfield and is now known as Frederick Regional Airport.

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