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Freedom, New Hampshire
Houses along Old Portland Road in the town center
Houses along Old Portland Road in the town center
Location in Carroll County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°48′49″N 71°02′11″W / 43.81361°N 71.03639°W / 43.81361; -71.03639Coordinates: 43°48′49″N 71°02′11″W / 43.81361°N 71.03639°W / 43.81361; -71.03639
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Carroll
Incorporated 1831
 • Total 37.9 sq mi (98.2 km2)
 • Land 34.7 sq mi (90.0 km2)
 • Water 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)  8.37%
439 ft (134 m)
 • Total 1,689
 • Density 49/sq mi (18.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-27700
GNIS feature ID 0873601

Freedom is a town located in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,689 at the 2020 census, up from 1,489 at the 2010 census. The town's eastern boundary runs along the Maine state border. Ossipee Lake, with a resort and camps, is in the southwest of the town.


The Meadows in Freedom, NH
The Meadows c. 1910

The town was once a part of Effingham called "North Effingham". Following an influx of new settlers from Maine, there was a conflict of culture and religion between them and people from the New Hampshire seacoast area who already populated Effingham. As a result, North Effingham separated into a town of its own. The community, incorporated in 1831, was appropriately named "Freedom".

The town was the setting for the children's fantasy book The Enormous Egg by Oliver Butterworth, first published in 1956 but reissued years later, and a 2001 broadcast of This American Life, "House on Loon Lake". The episode depicted an abandoned house explored by young boys in town for summer camp at Loon Lake.


Schoolhouse, Freedom, NH
Schoolhouse in 1911

Freedom is situated between the Lakes Region and the White Mountains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.1 square miles (99 km2), of which 35.0 square miles (91 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) is water, comprising 8.23% of the town. The highest point in the town is the summit of Cragged Mountain, at 1,806 feet (550 m) above sea level. Freedom is drained by the Ossipee River and lies fully within the Saco River watershed.

Freedom is one of several sites for Nature's Classroom. It is also home to one of the permanent campsites of the Luethi-Peterson Camps and to Cragged Mountain Farm, a co-ed summer camp on Cragged Mountain started by Dr. Henry Utter in 1927, and still owned by the Utter family.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 926
1850 910 −1.7%
1860 917 0.8%
1870 737 −19.6%
1880 714 −3.1%
1890 630 −11.8%
1900 594 −5.7%
1910 542 −8.8%
1920 467 −13.8%
1930 390 −16.5%
1940 352 −9.7%
1950 315 −10.5%
1960 363 15.2%
1970 387 6.6%
1980 720 86.0%
1990 935 29.9%
2000 1,303 39.4%
2010 1,489 14.3%
2020 1,689 13.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
Street Scene, Freedom, NH
Street scene c. 1910

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,489 people, 699 households, and 457 families residing in the town. The population density was 42.5 people per square mile (16.4/km2). There were 1,580 housing units at an average density of 45.1 per square mile (17.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.8% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% some other race, and 0.7% from two or more races.

There were 699 households, out of which 19.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were headed by married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12, and the average family size was 2.57.

Philbrick House, Freedom, NH
Philbrick House in 1916

In the town, the population was spread out, with 15.6% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 16.8% from 25 to 44, 35.9% from 45 to 64, and 26.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

For the period 2007–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $47,375, and the median income for a family was $50,769. Male full-time workers had a median income of $40,536 versus $33,958 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,537. About 6.0% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under the age of 18 and 3.6% of those 65 and older.

The largest ancestry groups in Freedom as of 2007-11 were:

Sites of interest

  • Allard House & Works Museum, Freedom Historical Society

Notable people

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