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Gallows Run (Delaware River tributary) facts for kids

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Gallows Run
Native name Pereletakon
Other name(s) Gallows Hill Run, Kintnersville Creek
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Bucks
Townhship Springfield
Township Nockamixon
Physical characteristics
Main source 740 feet (230 m)
River mouth 141 feet (43 m)
Length 5.25 miles (8.45 km)
Basin features
Progression Gallows Run→Delaware River
River system Delaware River
Basin size 8.72 square miles (22.6 km2)
Bridges Buckwampum Road, Hunter Road, Gallows Hill Road, Traugers Crossing Road (two passes), Kintners Road, Pennsylvania Route 611 (Easton Road)

Gallows Run (Pereletakon, Gallows Hill Run, Kintnersville Creek) is a tributary of the Delaware River in Springfield and Nockamixon Townships, in Bucks County, Pennsylvania in the United States.

Statistics

Gallows Run was entered into the Geographic Names Information System of the U.S. Geological Survey on 2 August 1979 as identification number 1175398, and is listed in the Pennsylvania Gazatteer of Streams as identification number 3278. The stream has a watershed of 8.72 square miles (22.6 km2) and meets its confluence at the Delaware River's 171.8 river mile. The Total length of the Creek is 5.25 miles (8.45 km), the total elevation change is 599 feet (183 m). The average slope, therefore is approximately 114 feet per mile (22.1 meters per kilometer).

Course

Gallows Run rises on the southern slope of Buckwampum Mountain in Springfield Township and is oriented south for about 0.66 miles (1.06 km) then turns east northeast for about 1.4 miles (2.3 km) where it receives a tributary from the left, and flows southeast. After another 0.75 miles (1.21 km) it receives another tributary from the right and turns to the east for another 0.7 miles (1.1 km) where it enters Nockamixon Township and receives another tributary from the left. Continuing northeast for 0.37 miles (0.60 km) it turns sharply north picking up two more tributaries from the right. Going north, it receives a tributary from the left, then from the right, then finally from the left, where it curves right and finally meets the Pennsylvania Canal (Delaware Division).

History

Gallows Run was sometimes referred to as Gallows Hill Run. The lower portion was also sometimes referred as Kintnersville Creek. The mouth of Gallows Run empties into the Delaware adjacent to an island in some old sources named Laughreys Island, some maps today refer to it as Lynn Island. The island is unlabeled in the National Map. A deed for the Durham Iron Works of 10 February 1727 names the stream Pereletakon, seemingly referring to a Lenape name. William J. Buck was the first to attempt an explanation for the name Gallows Hill and Gallows Run.

Warren S. Ely, Librarian for the Bucks County Historical Society, states that it was that Edward Marshall, one of the runners of the Walking Purchase broke his gallowses (trouser braces) when he jumped across the creek, so, he hung his gallowses on a tree branch at the run, hence the name "Gallows Run". Marshall refers to the point where he left Durham in his deposition of 1757 as Gallows Hill. The will of Bartholomew Longstreth, of Warminster Township refers to a property he sold to Joseph Robinson of Rockhill Township on Gallows Hill on 5 June 1741. This was only fours years after the 'walk'. Near the mouth of Gallows Run was the site of a Lenape village known as Pechoqueolin, one of the largest native villages in Bucks County discovered by John A. Ruth noted in a paper read to the Bucks County Historical Society on 27 July 1886.

Geology

Gallows Run begins in a bed of Quartz Fanglomerate, laid down during the Triassic and Jurassic, consisting of cobbles and boulders of quartzite, sandstone, quartz, and some metarhyolite in red sand. Turn to the eastern leg, it passes through the Brunswick Formation, also laid during the Triassic and Jurassic, consisting of mudstone and siltstone with beds of shale. Mineralogy includes argillite and hornfels. As it approaches the Delaware, it finally passes through the Trenton Gravel bed, formed during the Quaternary (current geological age), and consists of sand, clay, and silt.

Crossings and bridges

Crossing NBI Number Length Lanes Spans Material/Design Built Reconstructed Latitude Longitude
Buckwampum Road - - - - - - - - -
Hunter Road - - - - - - - - -
Gallows Hill Road - - - - - - - - -
Traugers Crossing Road 7627 11 metres (36 ft) 2 2 Continuous steel stringer/multi-beam or girder 1950 1965 40°32'37.8"N 75°10'5939"W
Traugers Crossing Road 7626 8 metres (26 ft) 2 1 Steel Stringer/Multi-beam or Girder 1940 - 40°32'31.9"N 75°11'8.6"W
Kintners Road 7586 14 metres (46 ft) 1 1 Steel truss - thru - 2014 40°33'21.6"N 75°11'2.4"W
Pennsylvania Route 611 (Easton Road) 47933 20 metres (66 ft) 3 1 Prestressed concrete box beam or girders - single or spread 2013 - 40°33'30"N 75°10'42"W
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