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Gilchrist County, Florida facts for kids

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Gilchrist County
Gilchrist County Courthouse
Gilchrist County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Gilchrist County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Florida
Founded December 4, 1925
Named for Albert W. Gilchrist
Seat Trenton
Largest city Trenton
 • Total 355 sq mi (920 km2)
 • Land 350 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Water 5.6 sq mi (15 km2)  1.6%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 48/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Gilchrist Cnty Crths Florida02
Gilchrist County Courthouse, in Trenton

Gilchrist County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Florida. Organized in 1925 from the western part of Alachua, it is the last county to be formed in the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,939. The county seat is Trenton.

Gilchrist County is included in the Gainesville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Gilchrist County was created in 1925, making it the youngest county in Florida. It was named for Albert W. Gilchrist, Governor of Florida from 1909 to 1913.

Historic buildings

Historic buildings in Gilchrist County include:

  • First Baptist Church, on East Wade Street
  • Gilchrist County Courthouse
  • Trenton Depot
  • The old Trenton Church of Christ on South Main Street.
  • Gilchrist County Jail, the oldest operating jail in the state of Florida


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 355 square miles (920 km2), of which 350 square miles (910 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (1.6%) is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in Florida by land area and fourth-smallest by total area.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 4,137
1940 4,250 2.7%
1950 3,499 −17.7%
1960 2,868 −18.0%
1970 3,551 23.8%
1980 5,767 62.4%
1990 9,667 67.6%
2000 14,437 49.3%
2010 16,939 17.3%
2019 (est.) 18,582 9.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2019

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,437 people, 5,021 households, and 3,715 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 5,906 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.52% White, 7.00% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. 2.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 16.9% were English, 13.9% were Irish, 13.7% were American, and 11.4% were German.

There were 5,021 households, out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 14.20% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,328, and the median income for a family was $34,485. Males had a median income of $27,359 versus $21,946 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,985. About 10.90% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.


The Gilchrist County Public library is part of the Three Rivers Regional Library System, which also serves Dixie, Lafayette, and Taylor counties.




Census-designated place


The Trenton State Farmer's Market is located on State Road 47, north of Trenton.

Notable person

Easton Corbin, country music singer

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