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Trenton, Florida
Trenton City Hall
Trenton City Hall
"Building Upon a Foundation of Integrity"
Location in Gilchrist County and the state of Florida
Location in Gilchrist County and the state of Florida
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Gilchrist
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Total 3.39 sq mi (8.79 km2)
 • Land 3.39 sq mi (8.79 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
52 ft (16 m)
 • Total 2,015
 • Density 593.87/sq mi (229.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 352
FIPS code 12-72350
GNIS feature ID 0292420

Trenton is a city in Gilchrist County, Florida, United States. The population was 1,999 as of the 2010 census, and in 2018 it was estimated to be 2,125. It is the county seat of Gilchrist County.


Trenton is located near the southern border of Gilchrist County at 29°36′54″N 82°49′4″W / 29.61500°N 82.81778°W / 29.61500; -82.81778 (29.615081, -82.817732). U.S. Route 129 is the city's Main Street; it leads north 28 miles (45 km) to Branford and south 11 miles (18 km) to Chiefland. Florida State Road 26 (Wade Street) leads east 13 miles (21 km) to Newberry and 30 miles (48 km) to Gainesville, while to the west it leads 8 miles (13 km) to Fanning Springs. Florida State Road 47 (Trenton Boulevard) intersects US 129 in the northern part of Trenton and leads northeast 42 miles (68 km) to Lake City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Trenton has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all land.

Trenton is in a rural area and is the hometown of country music singer Easton Corbin.


The first Paleo-Indians reached the central Florida area near the end of the last ice age, as they followed big game south. As the ice melted and sea levels rose, these Native Americans ended up staying and thrived on the peninsula for thousands of years. By the time the first Spanish conquistadors arrived, there were over 250,000 Native Americans living on the peninsula. Some of these first early tribes were the Tocobaga, Timucua, and Calusa. In 1527, a Spanish map showed a settlement near the Rio de la Paz (present-day Peace River). The arrival of the Spanish turned out to be disastrous to these Native American tribes. Within 150 years, the majority of the pre-Columbian Native American peoples of Florida had been mercilessly slaughtered. Many of those who had not succumbed to diseases such as yellow fever or scarlet fever were either killed or enslaved by the Spaniards. Little is left of these first Native American cultures in Trenton except for scant archeological records, including a few personal artifacts. Eventually the remnants of these tribes would merge with the Bell Indians who arrived from the north and became the Seminole people.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 304
1920 400 31.6%
1930 706 76.5%
1940 773 9.5%
1950 904 16.9%
1960 941 4.1%
1970 1,074 14.1%
1980 1,131 5.3%
1990 1,287 13.8%
2000 1,617 25.6%
2010 1,999 23.6%
2020 2,015 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

The 2000 U.S. Census indicates that Trenton has 608 households, and 390 families residing in the city. The population density was 623.4 people per square mile (241.1/km2). There were 690 housing units at an average density of 266.0 per square mile (102.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.67% White, 20.16% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.67% of the population.

There were 608 households, out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female widow with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-white. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,259, and the median income for a family was $29,773. Males had a median income of $24,000 versus $21,302 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,054. About 18.9% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.2% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.

Historic buildings

Historic buildings in Trenton include:

  • First Baptist Church
  • Gilchrist County Courthouse
  • Trenton Depot
  • The Trenton Church of Christ on South Main Street


Trenton Elementary School serves Trenton area students in grades PreK–5. The Principal is Ronda Adkins and the Assistant Principal is Scott Allen. Students in grades 6–12 attend Trenton Middle High School. The Principal is Cheri Langford and the Assistant Principals are Scott Hall and Devin Colley.

Notable people

  • Easton Corbin, country music singer
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