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Granby, Massachusetts
Kellogg Hall
Kellogg Hall
Flag of Granby, Massachusetts
Official seal of Granby, Massachusetts
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Hampshire
Settled 1727
Incorporated June 11, 1768
 • Type Open Town Meeting
 • Total 28.09 sq mi (72.75 km2)
 • Land 27.83 sq mi (72.08 km2)
 • Water 0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
269 ft (82 m)
 • Total 6,110
 • Density 217.52/sq mi (83.99/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 413; exchange: 467
FIPS code 25-26535
GNIS feature ID 0618200

Granby is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,110 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The census-designated place of Granby corresponds to the main village of Granby in the center of the town.


Granby was once part of Hadley as were other towns. Granby was first settled in 1727 and was officially incorporated in 1768. The town is named in honor of John Manners, Marquess of Granby, a hero of the Seven Years' War. Granby was originally part of Hadley equivalent lands, and then South Hadley, before being incorporated on June 11, 1768. Old Hadley was first settled in 1659 by people from Hartford and Wethersfield, Connecticut. These settlers left Connecticut because of religious differences within their communities. John Pynchon was commissioned to buy wilderness land for their new community. Pynchon purchased the land from three Native American chiefs: Chickwallop, Umpanchala and Quontquont. Ownership was transferred to the settlers and confirmed by the General Court. These original boundaries include part of present-day Granby.

Granby is one of only three towns in Massachusetts whose local telephone service is not furnished by the former Bell System (Granby has always had its own telephone company, the Granby Telephone Company). The other two such towns are Richmond and Hancock, both in Berkshire County.


Grangby MA 5 Corners
View of Five Corners in Granby

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.1 square miles (72.7 km²), of which 27.9 square miles (72.2 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²) (0.71%) is water. Granby is bordered by South Hadley to the west, Amherst to the north, Belchertown to the east, and Ludlow and Chicopee to the south. Two highways pass through the town; U.S. Route 202 runs eastward though town from South Hadley to Belchertown on East State Street and West State Street. Route 116 runs northeastward from South Hadley to Amherst along Amherst Road.

The Holyoke Range is in the northern part of Granby. Major peaks within the town are Long Mountain and Mount Norwottuck. Norwottuck is the highest point in town at 1106 feet above sea level. The Metacomet-Monadnock Trail runs along this mountain range as it passes through Granby. The Horse Caves are geological ledges along this trail.

The Public School system consists of West St. Elementary, East Meadow, and Granby Jr/Sr High School. Grades Pre-k to 3 take place in West St., grades 4-6 take place in East Meadow, and grades 7-12 take place in Granby Jr/Sr High School.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,104 —    
1860 907 −17.8%
1870 863 −4.9%
1880 753 −12.7%
1890 765 +1.6%
1900 761 −0.5%
1910 761 +0.0%
1920 779 +2.4%
1930 891 +14.4%
1940 1,085 +21.8%
1950 1,861 +71.5%
1960 4,221 +126.8%
1970 5,473 +29.7%
1980 5,380 −1.7%
1990 5,565 +3.4%
2000 6,132 +10.2%
2010 6,240 +1.8%
2020 6,110 −2.1%

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,132 people, 2,247 households, and 1,662 families residing in the town. The population density was 220.1 people per square mile (85.0/km2). There were 2,295 housing units at an average density of 82.4 per square mile (31.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.77% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 2,247 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. Of all households, 20.1% were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,293, and the median income for a family was $57,632. Males had a median income of $40,833 versus $30,597 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,209. About 1.0% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.


Granby has one public elementary school serving K–6, the East Meadow School. Middle/High School students attend Granby Junior-Senior High School.

Notable people

  • Madeleine Blais, journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner, Zepp's Last Stand
  • Charles Burchard, Wisconsin legislator
  • William Montague Ferry (1796–1867), a Presbyterian minister, missionary, and community leader who founded several settlements in Ottawa County, Michigan
  • Abbie E. C. Lathrop (1868–1918), mouse fancier-breeder and accidental early pioneer in genetic research
  • Zenas Ferry Moody (1832–1917), 7th Governor of the state of Oregon
  • Jesse Richards, artist, photographer and filmmaker (remodernist film) and former member of the Stuckism art group
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