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Gregory County, South Dakota facts for kids

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Gregory County
Carnegie Library in Dallas, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Gregory County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  South Dakota
Founded 1862 (created)
1898 (organized)
Named for J. Shaw Gregory
Seat Burke
Largest city Gregory
Area
 • Total 1,054 sq mi (2,730 km2)
 • Land 1,015 sq mi (2,630 km2)
 • Water 39 sq mi (100 km2)  3.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 3,994
 • Estimate 
(2021)
3,977 Decrease
 • Density 3.7894/sq mi (1.4631/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district At-large

Gregory County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 3,994. Its county seat is Burke. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1898. It was named for the politician J. Shaw Gregory.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,054 square miles (2,730 km2), of which 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (3.7%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 18.svg U.S. Highway 18
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • SD 43.svg South Dakota Highway 43
  • SD 44.svg South Dakota Highway 44
  • SD 47.svg South Dakota Highway 47
  • SD 251.svg South Dakota Highway 251
  • SD 1806.svg South Dakota Highway 1806

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 295
1900 2,211 649.5%
1910 13,061 490.7%
1920 12,700 −2.8%
1930 11,420 −10.1%
1940 9,554 −16.3%
1950 8,556 −10.4%
1960 7,399 −13.5%
1970 6,710 −9.3%
1980 6,015 −10.4%
1990 5,359 −10.9%
2000 4,792 −10.6%
2010 4,271 −10.9%
2020 3,994 −6.5%
2021 (est.) 3,977 −6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 4,271 people, 1,936 households, and 1,172 families in the county. The population density was 4.2 inhabitants per square mile (1.6/km2). There were 2,503 housing units at an average density of 2.5 per square mile (0.97/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.6% white, 7.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 54.5% were German, 11.4% were Irish, 10.9% were Czech, 7.1% were English, 6.0% were Norwegian, and 2.4% were American.

Of the 1,936 households, 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.5% were non-families, and 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 48.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,940 and the median income for a family was $44,333. Males had a median income of $30,401 versus $25,804 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,311. About 10.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Townships

The county is divided into thirteen townships:

  • Burke
  • Carlock
  • Dickens
  • Dixon
  • Edens
  • Ellston
  • Fairfax
  • Jones
  • Landing Creek
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Star Valley
  • Whetstone

Unorganized territories

The county has four areas of unorganized territory:

  • East Gregory
  • North Gregory
  • Southeast Gregory
  • Spring Valley

National Register of Historic Places sites


Economy

Farming and ranching are two main economic factors of the county.

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