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Charles Mix County, South Dakota facts for kids

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Charles Mix County
Charles Mix County Courthouse in Lake Andes
Charles Mix County Courthouse in Lake Andes
Map of South Dakota highlighting Charles Mix County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  South Dakota
Founded 1862 (created)
1879 (organized)
Named for Charles Eli Mix
Seat Lake Andes
Largest city Wagner
Area
 • Total 1,150 sq mi (3,000 km2)
 • Land 1,097 sq mi (2,840 km2)
 • Water 53 sq mi (140 km2)  4.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 9,373
 • Estimate 
(2021)
9,163 Decrease
 • Density 8.15/sq mi (3.147/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district At-large

Charles Mix County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 9,373. Its county seat is Lake Andes. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1879. It was named for Charles Eli Mix, an official of the Bureau of Indian Affairs influential in signing a peace treaty with the local Lakota Indian tribes. The easternmost approximately 60% of the county comprises the Yankton Indian Reservation.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,150 square miles (3,000 km2), of which 1,097 square miles (2,840 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (4.6%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 18.svg U.S. Highway 18
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • SD 44.svg South Dakota Highway 44
  • SD 45.svg South Dakota Highway 45
  • SD 46.svg South Dakota Highway 46
  • SD 50.svg South Dakota Highway 50
  • SD 1804.svg South Dakota Highway 1804

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 152
1880 407 167.8%
1890 4,178 926.5%
1900 8,498 103.4%
1910 14,899 75.3%
1920 16,256 9.1%
1930 16,703 2.7%
1940 13,449 −19.5%
1950 15,558 15.7%
1960 11,785 −24.3%
1970 9,994 −15.2%
1980 9,680 −3.1%
1990 9,131 −5.7%
2000 9,350 2.4%
2010 9,129 −2.4%
Est. 2021 9,163 0.4%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 9,129 people, 3,249 households, and 2,222 families in the county. The population density was 8.3 inhabitants per square mile (3.2/km2). There were 3,849 housing units at an average density of 3.5 per square mile (1.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.0% white, 31.7% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 30.2% were German, 12.0% were Dutch, 11.7% were Czech, 6.8% were Norwegian, 5.1% were Irish, and 1.8% were American.

Of the 3,249 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, and 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age was 38.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,808 and the median income for a family was $46,962. Males had a median income of $33,477 versus $25,740 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,403. About 17.4% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Charles Mix County townships (1931)
Civil townships in Charles Mix County in 1931

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Townships

The county is divided into twenty-four townships:

  • Bryan
  • Carroll
  • Choteau Creek
  • Darlington
  • Forbes
  • Goose Lake
  • Hamilton
  • Highland
  • Howard
  • Jackson
  • Kennedy
  • La Roche
  • Lake George
  • Lawrence
  • Lone Tree
  • Moore
  • Platte
  • Plain Center
  • Rhoda
  • Roe
  • Rouse
  • Signal
  • Waheheh
  • White Swan

Unorganized territory

The unorganized territory of Castalia is located in the county.

Notable residents

  • Ella Deloria, Yankton Dakota ethnologist
  • Doug Eggers, American football player
  • Faith Spotted Eagle, first Native American woman to receive an electoral college vote for President of the United States (2016).
  • Jack Sully was elected sheriff in 1872.
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