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Haledon, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Haledon
American Labor Museum
American Labor Museum
Map of Haledon in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Haledon in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Haledon, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Haledon, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Passaic
Incorporated May 21, 1908
Area
 • Total 1.156 sq mi (2.993 km2)
 • Land 1.155 sq mi (2.991 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.003 km2)  0.08%
Area rank 491st of 566 in state
15th of 16 in county
Elevation 217 ft (66 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 8,318
 • Estimate (2015) 8,451
 • Rank 277th of 566 in state
14th of 16 in county
 • Density 7,203.9/sq mi (2,781.4/km2)
 • Density rank 56th of 566 in state
5th of 16 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07508, 07538
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3403129070
GNIS feature ID 0885240

Haledon (pronounced HALE-dun) is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 8,318, reflecting an increase of 66 (+0.8%) from the 8,252 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,301 (+18.7%) from the 6,951 counted in the 1990 Census.

Haledon was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1908, replacing the now-defunct Manchester Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 21, 1908.

History

Haledon developed along the northern side of the industrial city of Paterson, New Jersey. It was settled by farmers with colonial Dutch heritage including the Van Riper, Berdan, Banta, Post and Zabriskie families. Prior to the Civil War they were joined by the Roe, Leonard and Stansfield families, who helped establish St. Mary's Episcopal Church and leading businesses including a general store and the Leonard Wax Company.

The area became a streetcar suburb of Paterson in the years following the Civil War, with the central area known as Haledon, while the area surrounding the large pond along High Mountain Road was called Oldham. The Paterson and Haledon Horse Rail Road Company, formed in 1871, laid trolley tracks from Paterson along the current-day Belmont Avenue, which were electrified by 1888. Many of the trolley company's owners were among the founders of the Cedar Cliff Land Company, which bought up large portions of the area, and the street names in the borough reflect these industrialists and businessmen: Morrissee, Hoxey, Van Dyke, John Ryle and Barbour. The flat, lower part of the community was laid out in city-sized lots of 25' by 100' while the hillsides were plated as sites for larger Victorian "villas" for such individuals as Vice President Garret A. Hobart (now the location of William Paterson University) and the Barbour family of linen flax manufacturers. Haledon's villa development was always rather limited and throughout much of the 20th century Haledon was a typical blue-collar community set by the small property sizes planned by the Cedar Cliff Land Company. A never-constructed grand hotel was planned for the highest point of the community above the intersection of the current day Central and West Haledon Avenues. The Cedar Cliff Land Company ran newspaper advertisements targeted at upwardly mobile immigrants who worked in Paterson's silk industry, offering the city-sized lots for sale at auctions (with free lunches and brass bands) held at St. Mary's Parish Hall, and also opened the Cedar Cliff Silk Mill, which became one of several silk mills in the community. The residential appeal of Haledon was to escape the crowded industrial city and still have access to the textile mills by using the trolley. As a result of the land sales of Cedar Cliff Land Company and also of independent landowner William Bushmann, the town was settled by immigrants who came as skilled workers from textile centers in Europe.

Haledon was incorporated in 1908, having been the Oldham district of the former Passaic County municipality of Manchester Township.

Socialist William Bruekmann was elected mayor in 1912 by the borough's immigrant resident base of skilled silk workers. During the 1913 Paterson silk strike, Haledon's mayor offered the strikers the opportunity to hold meetings in Haledon, as worker meetings were prohibited in Paterson. The Pietro and Maria Botto House, located on the side of a hill surrounded by open spaces, provided a natural amphitheater for labor leaders of the day to address thousands of people who gathered to hear Big Bill Haywood, Carlo Tresca, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and John Reed. The Botto House is now a National Historic Landmark and the home of the American Labor Museum.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.156 square miles (2.993 km2), including 1.155 square miles (2.991 km2) of land and 0.001 square miles (0.003 km2) of water (0.08%). The borough is home of a Passaic River inlet known as Molly Ann Brook.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bridges Pond and Valley View.

The borough borders the Passaic County communities of North Haledon, Paterson, Prospect Park, Totowa and Wayne.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,560
1920 3,435 34.2%
1930 4,812 40.1%
1940 5,303 10.2%
1950 6,204 17.0%
1960 6,161 −0.7%
1970 6,767 9.8%
1980 6,607 −2.4%
1990 6,951 5.2%
2000 8,252 18.7%
2010 8,318 0.8%
Est. 2015 8,451 1.6%
Population sources: 1910-1920
1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,318 people, 2,778 households, and 2,028 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,203.9 per square mile (2,781.4/km2). There were 2,932 housing units at an average density of 2,539.3 per square mile (980.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 62.38% (5,189) White, 11.77% (979) Black or African American, 0.53% (44) Native American, 6.35% (528) Asian, 0.10% (8) Pacific Islander, 14.72% (1,224) from other races, and 4.16% (346) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.60% (3,460) of the population.

There were 2,778 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.48.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,049 (with a margin of error of +/- $11,220) and the median family income was $65,833 (+/- $15,887). Males had a median income of $36,204 (+/- $9,406) versus $45,211 (+/- $6,778) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,317 (+/- $4,090). About 3.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed 20 households in 2010, an increase from the 13 counted in 2000.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 8,252 people, 2,820 households, and 1,974 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,111.4 people per square mile (2,746.7/km2). There were 2,906 housing units at an average density of 2,504.3 per square mile (967.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.59% White, 7.09% African American, 0.17% Native American, 4.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.09% from other races, and 4.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.60% of the population.

In the 2000 Census, 2.6% of Haledon's residents identified themselves as being of Arab American ancestry. This was the 11th-highest percentage of Arab American people in any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.

There were 2,820 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $45,599, and the median income for a family is $49,014. Males had a median income of $37,143 versus $29,830 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,099. About 6.2% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 17.73 miles (28.53 km) of roadways, of which 11.71 miles (18.85 km) were maintained by the municipality and 6.02 miles (9.69 km) by Passaic County.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides local bus service on the 703, 744 and the 748 routes.

Points of interest

  • The Pietro and Maria Botto House has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The house is home of the American Labor Museum, which tells the story of Italian immigration in the area, and of the Paterson Silk Strike of 1913.
  • Kossuth Street School, constructed in 1894, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.


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