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Hampden, Maine
Town
Hampden Narrows on the Penobscot River, c. 1910
Hampden Narrows on the Penobscot River, c. 1910
Motto(s): 
"The Community of Choice in Central Maine"
Country United States
State Maine
County Penobscot
Settled 1767
Incorporated 1794
Government
 • Type Council/Mayor/Manager
Area
 • Total 38.84 sq mi (100.60 km2)
 • Land 37.94 sq mi (98.26 km2)
 • Water 0.90 sq mi (2.33 km2)
Elevation
108 ft (33 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 7,257
 • Estimate 
(2012)
7,271
 • Density 191.3/sq mi (73.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04444
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-30795
GNIS feature ID 0567550

Hampden is a town on the Penobscot River estuary in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. The population was 7,257 at the 2010 census. Hampden is part of the Bangor metropolitan statistical area.

History

The town was originally called Wheelersborough after its original settler, Benjamin Wheeler. It was incorporated on February 24, 1794, and named after the English patriot John Hampden.

During the War of 1812, on September 3, 1814, about 400 local militia under the command of Brigadier General John Blake of nearby Brewer attempted to hold off a superior force of British regulars at Hampden. The American line, however, collapsed before a charge and was quickly routed. The Americans suffered one casualty with eleven wounded, and the British lost two (one an officer). A civilian spectator was also killed. The British fleet, which under command of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke (then lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia) had recently captured Castine, looted Hampden and nearby Bangor. They were trying to capture the USS Adams, a frigate with 750 men which had fled up the Penobscot River and anchored at Hampden. The crew of Adams, under Captain Charles Morris, burned the ship to prevent her capture and subsequently escaped overland.

General Blake and two other officers, Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Grant of Hampden and Major Joshua Chamberlain of Brewer (grandfather of Civil War general Joshua L. Chamberlain), were court-martialed in Bangor in 1816 for their part in the defeat. Blake and Chamberlain were both exonerated, but Grant was cashiered.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.84 square miles (100.60 km2), of which, 37.94 square miles (98.26 km2) of it is land and 0.90 square miles (2.33 km2) is water. It is drained by the Souadabscook Stream and Penobscot River.

Hampden is crossed by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1A and U.S. Route 202, as well as Maine State Route 9 and Maine State Route 69. It is bordered by the towns of Winterport to the south, Newburgh to the west, Hermon to the north, Bangor to the northeast, and (separated by the Penobscot River) Brewer to the northeast and Orrington to the east.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hampden has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Climate data for Hampden, Maine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) -2.8
(27)
-1.1
(30)
3.9
(39)
11.1
(52)
17.8
(64)
22.8
(73)
25.6
(78)
25
(77)
20.6
(69)
13.9
(57)
7.2
(45)
0
(32)
12.2
(54)
Average low °C (°F) -13.3
(8)
-12.2
(10)
-6.1
(21)
0.6
(33)
6.1
(43)
11.7
(53)
14.4
(58)
13.9
(57)
8.9
(48)
3.3
(38)
-1.1
(30)
-9.4
(15)
1.7
(35)
Precipitation mm (inches) 79
(3.1)
71
(2.8)
84
(3.3)
86
(3.4)
84
(3.3)
84
(3.3)
86
(3.4)
79
(3.1)
94
(3.7)
99
(3.9)
112
(4.4)
97
(3.8)
1,057
(41.6)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

See also: Hampden (CDP), Maine
Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 904
1810 1,279 41.5%
1820 1,443 12.8%
1830 2,020 40.0%
1840 2,663 31.8%
1850 3,195 20.0%
1860 3,085 −3.4%
1870 3,068 −0.6%
1880 2,911 −5.1%
1890 2,484 −14.7%
1900 2,182 −12.2%
1910 2,380 9.1%
1920 2,352 −1.2%
1930 2,417 2.8%
1940 2,591 7.2%
1950 3,608 39.3%
1960 4,583 27.0%
1970 4,693 2.4%
1980 5,250 11.9%
1990 5,974 13.8%
2000 6,327 5.9%
2010 7,257 14.7%
2014 (est.) 7,392 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,257 people, 2,862 households, and 2,053 families living in the town. The population density was 191.3 inhabitants per square mile (73.9/km2). There were 3,030 housing units at an average density of 79.9 per square mile (30.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 2,862 households, of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.3% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the town was 40.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 30.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.

Notable people

Sterns Sawmill, below Bangor, ME
Sterns' sawmill c. 1908
  • James Sproat Brown (1824–1878) – US congressman for Wisconsin, born in Hampden
  • Philip Marshall Brown (1875–1966) – US ambassador, born in Hampden
  • Dorothea Dix (1802–1887) – activist, born in Hampden
  • Brian Duprey – former member of the Maine House of Representatives for Hampden
  • Charles Hamlin (1837–1911) – brigadier general in the Civil War; member of the Maine House of Representatives, born in Hampden
  • Cyrus Hamlin (1839–1867) – Civil War era general, born in Hampden
  • Hannibal Hamlin (1809–1891) – vice-president of the United States, lived in Hampden
  • Carolyn Hopkins – prominent public service announcer, whose voice recorded announcements are heard worldwide; lives in Hampden
  • Hiram Knowles (1834–1911) – federal judge, born in Hampden
  • Ralph W. 'Bud' Leavitt Jr. (1917–1994) – Bangor sportswriter, outdoor columnist, and television host; lived in Hampden
  • Lewis Mayo (1828–1907) – Minnesota state senator, born in Hampden
  • Thompson H. Murch (1838–1886) – US congressman, born in Hampden
  • Charles Stetson (1801–1863) – US congressman, grew up in Hampden
  • Wilbur N. Taylor (1846–1903) – Medal of Honor recipient, born in Hampden
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