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Hartford, Vermont
HartfordVT VillageHD 2.jpg
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Hartford, Vermont is located in the United States
Hartford, Vermont
Hartford, Vermont
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Vermont
County Windsor
Chartered 1761
Area
 • Total 45.9 sq mi (118.9 km2)
 • Land 45.0 sq mi (116.5 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
Elevation
761 ft (232 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 10,686
 • Density 232.77/sq mi (89.87/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05047
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-32275
GNIS feature ID 1462116

Hartford is a town in Windsor County in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is on the New Hampshire border, at the intersection of Interstates 89 and 91. It is the site of the confluence of the White and Connecticut rivers; the Ottauquechee River also flows through the town. The town is composed of five unincorporated villages: Hartford, Quechee, West Hartford, White River Junction and Wilder. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,686.

History

The community was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire in 1761, and is named for Hartford, Connecticut.

Geography

The town of Hartford is located at 43°39′52″N 72°23′12″W / 43.66444°N 72.38667°W / 43.66444; -72.38667 (43.66444, -72.38667).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.9 square miles (118.9 km2), of which 45.0 square miles (116.5 km2) is land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.93%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 988
1800 1,494 51.2%
1810 1,881 25.9%
1820 2,010 6.9%
1830 2,044 1.7%
1840 2,194 7.3%
1850 2,159 −1.6%
1860 2,396 11.0%
1870 2,480 3.5%
1880 2,954 19.1%
1890 3,740 26.6%
1900 3,817 2.1%
1910 4,197 10.0%
1920 4,739 12.9%
1930 4,888 3.1%
1940 4,978 1.8%
1950 5,827 17.1%
1960 6,355 9.1%
1970 6,477 1.9%
1980 7,963 22.9%
1990 9,404 18.1%
2000 10,367 10.2%
2010 9,952 −4.0%
2020 10,686 7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2000 census there were 10,367 people in 4,509 households, including 2,800 families, in the town. The population density was 229.6 people per square mile (88.7/km2). There were 5,493 housing units at an average density of 121.7 per square mile (47.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.02% White, 0.55% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85%.

Of the 4,509 households 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 30.6% of households were one person and 10.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median household income was $42,990 and the median family income was $51,286. Males had a median income of $35,969 versus $27,073 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,792. About 5.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • John L. Bacon, Chelsea and Hartford banker and Vermont State Treasurer
  • Daniel A. Dickinson, Minnesota Supreme Court justice
  • Albert R. Hall, Minnesota and Wisconsin politician
  • Phillips Lord, radio producer and motion picture actor
  • Frank G. Mahady, Vermont attorney and judge who served on the Vermont Supreme Court
  • Samuel E. Pingree, 40th Governor of Vermont
  • Charles W. Porter, Secretary of State of Vermont
  • William Strong, U.S. congressman
  • Andrew Tracy (1797–1868), U.S. congressman
  • Joseph Tracy, leading figure in the American Colonization Society
  • Horace Wells, dentist and pioneering anesthesiologist
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