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Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Amtrak station at Hazlehurst
Amtrak station at Hazlehurst
Location of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Hazlehurst, Mississippi is located in the United States
Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Copiah
Area
 • Total 4.47 sq mi (11.59 km2)
 • Land 4.43 sq mi (11.47 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation
476 ft (145 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,009
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,730
 • Density 841.99/sq mi (325.06/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39083
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-31220
GNIS feature ID 0671047

Hazlehurst is a city in and the county seat of Copiah County, Mississippi, United States, located about 30 miles (48 km) south of the state capital Jackson along Interstate 55. The population was 4,009 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its economy is based on agriculture, particularly tomatoes and cabbage.

History

The first settlement here by European Americans became known as the town of Gallatin; two lawyers and brothers-in-law named Walters and Saunders came from Gallatin, Tennessee, in 1819 and named the village after their hometown. They built their homes on the banks of the Bayou Pierre, in the western part of Copiah County. Other settlers came with them, and in 1829 the state legislature incorporated the town. The first decades of agriculture were based on the use of slave labor of African Americans. The incorporation charter was repealed on January 18, 1862.

The construction of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad began on November 3, 1865, stimulating development of Hazlehurst at the railway stop. It was named for Col. George H. Hazlehurst, an engineer for the new railroad. A city in Georgia is also named for him.

As Hazlehurst grew, Gallatin declined into a settlement at a crossroads. In April 1872, the legislature ordered the county board of supervisors to hold an election to decide whether the county seat should be moved from Gallatin to Hazlehurst. After a majority voted for the change, Gallatin's old brick courthouse was torn down and reassembled in Hazlehurst. Several years later, the old courthouse suffered a fire and was replaced by a new building. The courthouse has been destroyed and rebuilt more than 15 times during the town's history.

This city had civil rights activity during the mid-1960s. Because of violence against blacks in this area, Mississippi, the armed Deacons for Defense and Justice established centers here and in nearby Crystal Springs in 1966 and 1967. They provided physical protection for protesters working with the NAACP on a commercial boycott of white merchants to force integration of facilities and employment, and to gain jobs for African Americans following passage of civil rights legislation in 1964.

Geography

Hazlehurst is located slightly east of the center of Copiah County. U.S. Route 51 passes through the center of the city, leading north 9 miles (14 km) to Crystal Springs and south 20 miles (32 km) to Brookhaven. Interstate 55 runs west of and generally parallel to US 51, with access to Hazlehurst from exits 59 and 61. Mississippi Highway 28 crosses US 51 and I-55 in the northern part of town, leading east 14 miles (23 km) to Georgetown and west 46 miles (74 km) to Fayette.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Hazlehurst has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 1.02%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 662
1880 463 −30.1%
1900 1,579
1910 2,056 30.2%
1920 1,762 −14.3%
1930 2,447 38.9%
1940 3,124 27.7%
1950 3,397 8.7%
1960 3,400 0.1%
1970 4,577 34.6%
1980 4,437 −3.1%
1990 4,221 −4.9%
2000 4,400 4.2%
2010 4,009 −8.9%
2019 (est.) 3,730 −7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
Downtown Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Downtown Hazlehurst, Mississippi in 2013

2020 census

Hazlehurst racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 461 12.74%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,744 75.82%
Native American 2 0.06%
Asian 30 0.83%
Pacific Islander 3 0.08%
Other/Mixed 106 2.93%
Hispanic or Latino 273 7.54%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,619 people, 1,108 households, and 743 families residing in the city.

Education

The city is served by the Hazlehurst City School District. The Copiah-Jefferson Regional Library main offices are in Hazlehurst, as well as the main office of Copiah County School District.

Infrastructure

Rail transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Hazlehurst. Amtrak Train 59, the southbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Hazlehurst at 11:55 am daily with service to Brookhaven, McComb, Hammond, and New Orleans. Amtrak Train 58, the northbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Hazlehurst at 4:17 pm daily with service to Jackson, Yazoo City, Greenwood, Memphis, Newbern-Dyersburg, Fulton, Carbondale, Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago.

Notable people

  • Joe Bailey (1863-1929), an attorney and US Senator from Texas, lived and worked in Hazlehurst before moving.
  • Houston Boines, blues singer and harmonica player
  • Alvin Chester Cockrell Jr.; awarded a Navy Cross in World War II
  • Max Dale Cooper, immunologist and Professor of Pathology at Emory University known for identifying T cells and B cells
  • Clifford Davis, U.S. Representative from Tennessee from 1940 to 1965
  • Mablean Ephriam, adjudicator of the courtroom series Divorce Court for seven seasons from the 1999–2006 season
  • John Epperson, actor and singer best known for his performance as Lypsinka; born in Hazlehurst
  • Robert Evans, member of the Mississippi House of Representatives
  • Ron Franklin, sportscaster
  • Ben Garry, NFL player
  • William Hester, tennis player and official. Former president of the United States Tennis Association.
  • Roy Hilton, former professional football defensive end
  • Gregory Holloway Sr., member of the Mississippi House of Representatives
  • Ruth Atkinson Holmes, painter and philanthropist
  • Robert Johnson, the Delta blues musician, was born in Hazlehurst. A monument to him was installed between the Copiah County courthouse and the Trustmark Bank. Johnson's birth home is located near the courthouse; the City of Hazlehurst is in litigation to determine its future.
  • Rory Lee, pastor of Antioch Baptist Church in Hazlehurst from 1976 to 1994; president of two Southern Baptist colleges
  • Print Matthews, former sheriff of Copiah County
  • Benjamin Morgan Palmer, 19th-century Presbyterian minister, made Hazlehurst his family's home in the summer of 1862 as he served as chaplain with the Washington Artillery of New Orleans.
  • Lawrence Pillers, former professional football defensive end
  • Mary Tillman Smith, outsider artist
  • Truett Smith, former professional football blocking back
  • Lewis Tillman, professional football player
  • Walter Washington, former president of Alcorn State University and Alpha Phi Alpha
  • H. Lynn Womack, publisher

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Hazlehurst (Misisipi) para niños

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