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East Hartford, Connecticut
Town
The skyline near the Connecticut River
The skyline near the Connecticut River
Flag of East Hartford, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of East Hartford, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Hartford County, Connecticut
East Hartford, Connecticut is located in the United States
East Hartford, Connecticut
East Hartford, Connecticut
Location in the United States
East Hartford, Connecticut is located in Connecticut
East Hartford, Connecticut
East Hartford, Connecticut
Location in Connecticut
Country  United States
U.S. state  Connecticut
County Hartford
Metropolitan area Hartford
Incorporated 1783
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
Area
 • Total 18.7 sq mi (48.5 km2)
 • Land 18.0 sq mi (46.6 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation
39 ft (12 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 51,045
 • Density 2,837/sq mi (1,095.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06108, 06118
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-22630
GNIS feature ID 0213424
Interstates I-84.svg
U.S. Highways US 5.svg US 44.svg
State Routes Connecticut Highway 2.svg

East Hartford is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 51,045 at the 2020 census. The town is located on the east bank of the Connecticut River, directly across from Hartford, Connecticut. It is home to aerospace manufacturer Pratt & Whitney. It is also home to Pratt & Whitney Stadium at Rentschler Field, a stadium used mainly for soccer and football with a capacity of 40,000 people.

Geography

The town is located on the east bank of the Connecticut River, directly across from Hartford, Connecticut. The town includes the neighborhoods of Burnside and Hockanum. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48.5 km2), of which 18.0 square miles (46.6 km2) is land and 0.73 square miles (1.9 km2), or 3.93%, is water.

History

When the Connecticut Valley became known to Europeans around 1631, it was inhabited by what were known as the River Tribes — a number of small clans of Native Americans living along the Great River and its tributaries. Of these tribes the Podunks occupied territory now lying in the towns of East Hartford and South Windsor, and numbered, by differing estimates, from sixty to two hundred bowmen. They were governed by two sachems, Waginacut and Arramamet, and were connected in some way with the Native Americans who lived across the Great River, in what is now Windsor. The region north of the Hockanum River was generally called Podunk; that south of the river, Hockanum; but these were no certain designations, and by some all the meadow along the Great River was called Hockanum.

In 1659, Thomas Burnham (1617–1688) purchased the tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and East Hartford from Tantinomo, chief sachem of the Podunk Indians. Burnham lived on the land and later willed it to his nine children. The town of Hartford once included the land now occupied by the towns of East Hartford, Manchester, Bolton, Vernon, and West Hartford. In 1783, East Hartford became a separate town, which included Manchester in its city limits until 1823.

Demographics

See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of 2010, there were 51,252 people, 20,206 households, and 12,830 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,200 people per square mile (1,250/km2). There were 21,328 housing units at an average density of 1,180.2 per square mile (455.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 38.4% non-Hispanic White, 25.9% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.3% of the population. The town has seen significant demographic changes in recent decades due to immigration from Hartford, as well as white residents leaving the city to other suburbs.

There were 20,206 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,424, and the median income for a family was $50,540. Males had a median income of $36,823 versus $29,860 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,763. About 8.1% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

The East River Drive and Connecticut Boulevard areas, just east of the Connecticut River, contain extensive development, including car dealerships, medical offices, and light retail development. Notably, Goodwin College has begun to build a large campus on Riverside Drive. It will also develop blighted housing projects into student housing.

Wickham Park, located in East Hartford and Manchester, features Oriental gardens, fountains, open fields, woodlands, ponds, picnic areas, softball fields, and an aviary. The west side of the park offers a scenic view of East Hartford and the skyline of Hartford across the Connecticut River and is a popular site for weddings. It also has a very popular sledding hill in the winter.

Nearby, Rentschler Field Stadium is home of the University of Connecticut Huskies football team and the Hartford Colonials of the United Football League. The stadium has also been used for concerts by artists including The Rolling Stones.

Neighborhoods

Hanmer
Hanmer Street near Stone Academy

East Hartford is home to a diverse mix of neighborhoods. The northeast and southeast sections of the town are suburban and resemble neighboring towns like South Windsor and Glastonbury. People here tend to be middle class. In contrast, the older, more urban sections of the town are moderate and low income. Some of these neighborhoods include Hockanum in the southwest of the city, Burnside Avenue in the center of the city, Silver Lane also known as "The lane" and Mayberry Village. These neighborhoods are pleasant but also crime filled.

Economy

East Hartford is home to the headquarters of Pratt & Whitney, part of the United Technologies conglomerate. The manufacturing plant takes up a significant amount of East Hartford's area, and at its peak, it employed tens of thousands of people;

however, currently, it only employs about 7,621. East Hartford also contains a Coca-Cola bottling plant, located on Main Street. The city is dotted with industrial and suburban office parks, and in the early 2000s, urban planners strategically situated a regional stadium, Rentschler Stadium (construction completed September 2003), and a hunting and camping focused department store, Cabela's, on the then vacant former Pratt & Whitney company airfield, Rentschler Field.

Top employers

Top employers in East Hartford according to the town's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report

# Employer # of Employees
1 Pratt & Whitney 8,250
2 Town of East Hartford 1,756
3 Goodwin University 554
4 Raytheon Technologies 400
5 Quest Global 400
6 Riverside Health Center 360
7 Connecticut Natural Gas 322
8 Cabela's 250
9 Hoffman Auto 227
10 American Eagle Federal Credit Union 215

Education

East Hartford Public Schools

  • Connecticut River Academy
  • Goodwin University
  • East Hartford High School
  • Stone Academy
  • Connecticut International Baccalaureate Academy
  • East Hartford Middle School

Infrastructure

Utilities

  • Electricity: Eversource Energy
  • Water: Metropolitan District Commission
  • Natural gas: Connecticut Natural Gas
  • Telephone, ADSL/Fiber internet, IPTV television: Frontier Communications
  • Cable television/Cable internet: Comcast

Notable people

  • Milton Avery, artist
  • Lawrence Brainerd, businessman, abolitionist and United States senator from Vermont
  • Mary Cadorette, actress
  • Howard Ensign Evans, noted entomologist
  • Francis Patrick Garvan, lawyer and longtime president of the Chemical Foundation
  • John A. Gurley, U.S. Representative from Ohio during the early part of the American Civil War
  • John Larson, current U.S. Representative from CT's 1st congressional district
  • Hiram N. Moulton, mayor of Madison, Wisconsin
  • Aaron Olmsted, sea captain, namesake of several cities in Ohio
  • Denison Olmsted, physicist and astronomer
  • Frederick Law Olmsted, renowned urban and suburban planner famous for many of the New York City parks and Stanford University's campus lived and studied for much of his youth between his primary residence in Hartford and his father's childhood home in East Hartford.
  • Gérard Ouellet, member of the Canadian House of Commons
  • Charles Phelps, first Connecticut Attorney General
  • Diane Venora, actress

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