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Jackson, Missouri
Cape Girardeau County Courthouse
Cape Girardeau County Courthouse
Location of Jackson in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
Location of Jackson in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
Country United States
State Missouri
County Cape Girardeau
 • Total 10.76 sq mi (27.87 km2)
 • Land 10.75 sq mi (27.83 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
466 ft (142 m)
 • Total 15,481
 • Density 1,380.61/sq mi (533.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-35648
GNIS feature ID 0720202

Jackson is a city in and the county seat of Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States. It is a principal city of the Cape Girardeau–Jackson, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of Jackson was 15,481 at the 2020 census.


In 1813, Cape Girardeau County succeeded Cape Girardeau District, and the Court of Common Pleas and the Court of General Quarter-Sessions of the Peace in Cape Girardeau were superseded by the Court of Common Pleas, leading to a new seat of justice. The seat of the county and the courts were at first held on the plantation of Thomas Bull about one and one-half mile south of present-day Jackson. Land was then purchased along Hubble Creek for the county seat in 1814.

The first post office was established in 1814 when the area was called Birdstown. The name was changed to Jackson on August 31, 1819, named for Andrew Jackson, a general popular for his role in the War of 1812. It was the first town to be named after Andrew Jackson. The town was platted in 1815. The Missouri Herald, the third newspaper in state, was established here on June 25, 1819. In 1818, the town already had a population of 300. The first county courthouse was built in 1818 on Jackson's public square.

Although its initial growth was rapid, the economy of the City of Jackson developed conservatively. The town suffered a setback in June, 1833, when Cholera spread killing 128. Cholera struck again on June 10, 1852, causing all abled bodies to flee the town until the epidemic had run its course. In 1841, a bank was established. A flour mill was constructed in 1855 and another in 1873. But the community could not escape the impact of the American Civil War; on June 24, 1861, a military skirmish took place near Jackson between units of the Union Army and the Confederate Army.

In 1877, Jackson was linked to Cape Girardeau by the first long-distance railway service line in Missouri. By 1884, the population of the City of Jackson had grown to 2,105, and the town supported 50 businesses. In 1884, by popular vote, it was decided to incorporate Jackson as a city of the fourth class. The courthouse built in 1818 burned down in 1870. The current courthouse was built in 1908 and is “on the square” in the center of Uptown Jackson where Jones Drug Store still runs and serves the community since 1871.

The Big Hill Farmstead Historic District, Abraham Byrd House, Frizel-Welling House, Jackson Uptown Commercial Historic District, and McKendree Chapel are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Jackson is located at 37°22′48″N 89°39′29″W / 37.38000°N 89.65806°W / 37.38000; -89.65806 (37.379941, -89.658118). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.96 square miles (28.39 km2), of which, 10.94 square miles (28.33 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 433
1870 459 6.0%
1880 795 73.2%
1890 941 18.4%
1900 1,658 76.2%
1910 2,105 27.0%
1920 2,114 0.4%
1930 2,465 16.6%
1940 3,113 26.3%
1950 3,707 19.1%
1960 4,875 31.5%
1970 5,896 20.9%
1980 7,827 32.8%
1990 9,256 18.3%
2000 11,947 29.1%
2010 13,758 15.2%
2020 15,481 12.5%
U.S. Decennial Census 2020

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 13,758 people, 5,496 households, and 3,827 families living in the city. The population density was 1,257.6 inhabitants per square mile (485.6/km2). There were 5,835 housing units at an average density of 533.4 per square mile (205.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.81% White, 1.65% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24%.

Of the 5,496 households 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.4% of households were one person and 11.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age was 37.3 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.


Jackson R-2 School District operates Jackson High School.

Jackson has a public library, a branch of the Riverside Regional Library.

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Jackson (Misuri) para niños

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