Jhelum River facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Jhelum
Jhelum River-Pakistan.jpg
Jhelum River during the summer
Indus river.svg
Flow of Jhelum.
Native name ਜਿਹਲਮ (Punjabi)
झेलम (Devanāgarī)
جہلم (Urdu)
Vyeth (ویتھ/व्यथा) (Kashmiri)
Other name(s) Hydaspes, Bidaspes, Vitastā, Bihat, Wihat, Bihatab, Biyatta, Jailam
Country India, Pakistan
Physical characteristics
Main source Verinag Spring
River mouth Chenab River
Length 725 km (450 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    221.9 m3/s (7,840 cu ft/s) (near Baramulla
Basin features
Tributaries

The Jhelum River is a river of northwestern India and eastern Pakistan. It is the westernmost of the five rivers of Punjab, and passes through Srinager District. It is a tributary of the Indus River and has a total length of about 725 kilometres (450 mi).

Lakes

Dams and barrages

Jhelum River-Pakistan
Jhelum River in Pakistan

The river has rich power generation potential in India. Water control structures are being built as a result of the Indus Basin Project, including the following:

  • Mangla Dam, completed in 1967, is one of the largest earthfill dams in the world, with a storage capacity of 5,900,000 acre feet (7.3 km3)
  • Rasul Barrage, constructed in 1967, has a maximum flow of 850,000 ft³/s (24,000 m³/s).
  • Trimmu Barrage, constructed in 1939 some 20 km from Jhang Sadar at the confluence with the Chenab, has maximum discharge capacity of 645,000 ft³/s (18,000 m³/s).
  • Haranpur (Victoria Bridge) Constructed in 1933 Approximate 5 km from Malakwal near Chak Nizam Village. Its length is 1 km mainly used by Pakistan Railways but there is a passage for light vehicles, motorcycles, cycles and pedestrians at one side.
  • Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant 330 MW Hydro electric station is located in Jammu and Kashmir state

Canals

  • The Upper Jhelum Canal runs from Mangla Dam to the Chenab.
  • The Rasul-Qadirabad Link Canal runs from the Rasul Barrage to the Chenab.
  • The Chashma-Jhelum Link Canal runs from the Chashma Barrage on the Indus River to the Jhelum river downstream of Rasul Barrage. This is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Mari Shah Sakhira town.

Related pages

Images for kids


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