kids encyclopedia robot

John Boehner facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
John Boehner
John Boehner official portrait.jpg
Official portrait, 2009
53rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
January 5, 2011 – October 29, 2015
Preceded by Nancy Pelosi
Succeeded by Paul Ryan
House Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
Deputy Roy Blunt
Eric Cantor
Preceded by Nancy Pelosi
Succeeded by Nancy Pelosi
Leader of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 2007 – October 29, 2015
Preceded by Dennis Hastert
Succeeded by Paul Ryan
House Majority Leader
In office
February 2, 2006 – January 3, 2007
Speaker Dennis Hastert
Preceded by Roy Blunt (acting)
Succeeded by Steny Hoyer
Chair of the House Education Committee
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2006
Preceded by William F. Goodling
Succeeded by Howard McKeon
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1999
Deputy Susan Molinari
Jennifer Dunn
Leader Newt Gingrich
Preceded by Dick Armey
Succeeded by J. C. Watts
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1991 – October 31, 2015
Preceded by Buz Lukens
Succeeded by Warren Davidson
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the 57th district
In office
January 3, 1985 – December 31, 1990
Preceded by Bill Donham
Succeeded by Scott Nein
Personal details
John Andrew Boehner

(1949-11-17) November 17, 1949 (age 73)
Reading, Ohio, U.S.
Political party Republican
Deborah Gunlack
(m. 1973)
Children 2
Education Xavier University (BA)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service  United States Navy
Years of service 1968 (8 weeks)

John Andrew Boehner (/ˈbnər/ BAY-nər; born November 17, 1949) is an American retired politician who served as the 53rd speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 2011 to 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he was the U.S. representative for OH's 8th congressional district from 1991 to 2015. The district included several rural and suburban areas near Cincinnati and Dayton.

Boehner previously served as the House Minority Leader from 2007 until 2011, and House Majority Leader from 2006 until 2007. In January 2011, he was elected Speaker. Boehner resigned from the House of Representatives in October 2015 due to opposition from within the Republican caucus.

In September 2016, Squire Patton Boggs, the third-largest lobbying firm in the U.S., announced that Boehner would join their firm. It was also announced that he would become a board member of Reynolds American.

Early life and education

Boehner was born in Reading, Ohio, the son of Mary Anne (née Hall; 1926–1998) and Earl Henry Boehner (1925–1990), the second of twelve children. His father was of German descent and his mother had German and Irish ancestry. He grew up in modest circumstances, sharing one bathroom with his eleven siblings in a two-bedroom house in Cincinnati. He started working at his family's bar at age 8, a business founded by their grandfather Andy Boehner in 1938. He has lived in Southwest Ohio his entire life.

Boehner attended Cincinnati's Moeller High School and was a linebacker on the school's football team, where he was coached by future Notre Dame coach Gerry Faust. Graduating from Moeller in 1968, when United States involvement in the Vietnam War was at its peak, Boehner enlisted in the United States Navy but was honorably discharged after eight weeks because of a bad back. He earned his B.A. in business administration from Xavier University in 1977, becoming the first person in his family to attend college, taking seven years as he held several jobs to pay for his education.

Early career

Shortly after his graduation in 1977, Boehner accepted a position with Nucite Sales, a small sales business in the plastics industry. He was steadily promoted and eventually became president of the firm, resigning in 1990 when he was elected to Congress.

From 1981 to 1984, Boehner served on the board of trustees of Union Township, Butler County, Ohio. He then served as a member of the Ohio House of Representatives from 1985 to 1990.

U.S. House of Representatives

Representative John Boehner in 1993
Boehner in 1993

..... He was all but unknown when he entered a Republican primary that included Lukens and former Congressman Tom Kindness. Despite being dramatically outspent, Boehner won with 49 percent of the vote. He then handily beat his Democratic opponent, Greg Jolivette, in the November election. He was subsequently re-elected to Congress 12 times, each by a substantial margin.

Boehner's closest races were those in:

  • 2006, when he defeated the Democratic Party candidate, U.S. Air Force veteran Mort Meier, 64% to 36%;
  • 2008, when he defeated Nicholas Von Stein, 68% to 32%;
  • 2010, when he garnered 66% percent of the vote in a four-way race against Democratic nominee Justin Coussoule, Constitution Party nominee Jim Condit, and Libertarian nominee David Harlow.

Gang of Seven and Contract with America

During his freshman year, Boehner was a member of the Gang of Seven which was involved in bringing media attention to the House banking scandal. The group also investigated the Congressional Post Office, leading to the indictment of Congressman Dan Rostenkowski. Later, he, along with Newt Gingrich and several other Republican lawmakers, was one of the engineers of the Contract with America in 1994 that politically helped Republicans during the 1994 elections during which they won the majority in Congress for the first time in four decades.

Republican leadership

From 1995 to 1999, Boehner served as House Republican Conference Chairman, making him fourth-ranking House Republican behind Gingrich, Majority Leader Dick Armey and Majority Whip Tom DeLay. During his time as Conference Chairman, Boehner championed the Freedom to Farm Act that, among other provisions, revised and simplified direct payment programs for crops and eliminated milk price supports through direct government purchases.

In the summer of 1997 several House Republicans, who saw Speaker Newt Gingrich's public image as a liability, attempted to replace him as Speaker. The attempted "coup" began July 9 with a meeting between Republican conference chairman Boehner and Republican leadership chairman Bill Paxon of New York. According to their plan, House Majority Leader Dick Armey, House Majority Whip Tom DeLay, Boehner and Paxon were to present Gingrich with an ultimatum: resign, or be voted out. However, Armey balked at the proposal to make Paxon the new Speaker, and told his chief of staff to warn Gingrich about the coup.

On July 11, Gingrich met with senior Republican leadership to assess the situation. He explained that under no circumstance would he step down. If he was voted out, there would be a new election for Speaker, which would allow for the possibility that Democrats – along with dissenting Republicans – would vote in Dick Gephardt as Speaker. On July 16, Paxon offered to resign his post, feeling that he had not handled the situation correctly. Paxon was the only unelected member of the leadership group, having been appointed to his position by Gingrich.

After Republicans lost seats in the 1998 elections, the House Republican leadership underwent a reorganization. Armey and DeLay kept their positions, but Gingrich was replaced by Dennis Hastert, and Boehner lost his position as conference chairman to J.C. Watts.

Chairman of Committee on Education and Labor

Leader Boehner addresses the 2010 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) (4370442351)
Boehner addresses the 2010 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) while serving as House Minority Leader

Following the election of President George W. Bush, Boehner was elected as chairman of the House Education and the Workforce Committee, serving from 2001 until 2006. There he authored several reforms including the Pension Protection Act and a successful school choice voucher program for low-income children in Washington, D.C.

Boehner and Senator Ted Kennedy authored the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which was signed by President George W. Bush in 2002. Boehner said that it was his "proudest achievement" in two decades of public service. Boehner was friends with Kennedy, also a Catholic, and every year they chaired fundraisers for cash-strapped Catholic schools.

House Republican Leader

John Boehner portrait
2006 portrait of Boehner

After DeLay resigned as majority leader in 2005, Boehner, House Majority Whip Roy Blunt of Missouri, and Representative John Shadegg of Arizona, all sought to become Majority Leader. Boehner campaigned as a reform candidate who wanted to reform the so-called "earmark" process and rein in government spending. In the second round of voting by the House Republican Conference, Boehner defeated Blunt with 122 to 109 votes. Blunt kept his previous position as majority whip, the no. 3 leadership position in the House. There was some confusion on the first ballot for majority leader when the first count showed one more vote cast than Republicans present, due to a misunderstanding as to whether the rules allowed Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico Luis Fortuño to vote.

After the Republicans lost control of the House in the 2006 elections, the House Republican Conference chose Boehner as minority leader. While as Majority Leader he was second-in-command behind Speaker Dennis Hastert, as minority leader he was the leader of the House Republicans. As such, he was the Republican nominee for Speaker in 2006 and 2008, losing both times to Nancy Pelosi.

According to the 2008 Power Ranking, Boehner was the 6th most powerful congressman (preceded by Speaker Pelosi, Majority Leader Hoyer, Ways and Means Committee Chairman Sander M. Levin, Dean of the House John Dingell, and Appropriations Committee Chairman Dave Obey, all Democrats) and the most powerful Republican. As minority leader, Boehner served as an ex officio member of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

Speaker of the House (2011–2015)

Obama Boehner State of the Union 2011
Speaker Boehner greets U.S. President Barack Obama before the 2011 State of the Union Address

The Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives during the 2010 midterm elections, with a net gain of 63 seats. During his solemn victory speech, Boehner broke into tears when talking about "economic freedom, individual liberty and personal responsibility...I hold these values dear because I've lived them...I've spent my whole life chasing the American Dream". On November 17, 2010, Boehner was unanimously chosen by the House Republicans as their nominee for Speaker, all but assuring his formal election to the post when the new Congress convened with a Republican majority in January 2011. He received the gavel from outgoing Speaker Pelosi on Wednesday, January 5, 2011. He was the first Speaker from Ohio since fellow Republicans Nicholas Longworth (1925 to 1931) and J. Warren Keifer (1881 to 1883). He was also the first Speaker who has served both as majority and minority floor leader for his party since Texas Democrat Sam Rayburn.

Pope Francis and Speaker Boehner
Speaker Boehner meets with Pope Francis during his visit to the United States Congress

As Speaker, he was still the leader of the House Republicans. However, by tradition, he normally did not take part in debate, although he had the right to do so, and almost never voted from the floor. He was not a member of any House committees during his Speakership.

Boehner was narrowly re-elected as Speaker of the House on January 3, 2013, at the beginning of the 113th United States Congress. He received 220 votes, needing 214 to win.

In July 2014, Boehner moved forward on a lawsuit to force the President to impose penalties on companies who failed to provide health care coverage for their employees. Boehner had pressed for legislation to delay this mandate the previous year. The third law firm selected finally filed the suit in November 2014, after Boehner criticized Obama's unilateral moves on immigration policy.


Speaker's Farewell
Speaker Boehner looks at the National Mall from the Speaker's balcony at the U.S. Capitol for one final time before leaving office

On September 25, 2015, Boehner announced that he would step down as Speaker and resign from Congress at the end of October 2015. Boehner's resignation took place after Pope Francis' address to Congress the day before, an event considered by Boehner personally as the highest point in his legislative career. Sources in his office indicated he was stepping aside in the face of increasing discord while trying to manage passage of a continuing resolution to fund the government. Conservative opposition to funding Planned Parenthood as part of the resolution, and stronger threats to Boehner's leadership on account of the controversy, prompted the resignation. Originally, House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy of California had intended to run for Speaker and was seen as the prohibitive favorite. On October 8, 2015, McCarthy abruptly rescinded his candidacy, citing that he felt he could not effectively lead a fractured Republican Caucus. After McCarthy's announcement, Boehner stayed on as Speaker until a successor was chosen. After initially turning down requests from Republican leaders, Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, House Ways and Means Committee Chairman and 2012 Republican Vice Presidential nominee ran for Speaker with Boehner's blessing. On October 29, 2015, in his final act as Speaker, Boehner presided over Ryan's election. Boehner's resignation from Congress became official on October 31, 2015, at 11:59 p.m.

Political positions

Boehner introducing then-president George W. Bush in Troy, Ohio in 2003
CPAC 2009 IMG 9962 (3314407560)
Boehner speaking at the 2009 Conservative Political Action Conference

A profile in the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review said, "On both sides of the aisle, Boehner earns praise for candor and an ability to listen." The Plain Dealer says Boehner "has perfected the art of disagreeing without being disagreeable."

Boehner has been classified as a "hard-core conservative" by OnTheIssues. Although Boehner has a conservative voting record, when he was running for House leadership, religious conservatives in the GOP expressed that they were not satisfied with his positions. According to The Washington Post: "From illegal immigration to sanctions on China to an overhaul of the pension system, Boehner, as chairman of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, took ardently pro-business positions that were contrary to those of many in his party. Religious conservatives – examining his voting record – see him as a policymaker driven by small-government economic concerns, not theirs."

Boehner opposes same-sex marriage, as evidenced by his vote for the Federal Marriage Amendment in both 2004 and 2006. In a letter to the Human Rights Campaign, Boehner stated, "I oppose any legislation that would provide special rights for homosexuals... Please be assured that I will continue to work to protect the idea of the traditional family as one of the fundamental tenets of western civilization."

On May 25, 2006, Boehner issued a statement defending his agenda and attacking his "Democrat friends" such as Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. Boehner said regarding national security that voters "have a choice between a Republican Party that understands the stakes and is dedicated to victory, and a Democrat Party with a non-existent national security policy that sheepishly dismisses the challenges of a post-9/11 world and is all too willing to concede defeat on the battlefield in Iraq."

Boehner is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge.

In June 2013, Boehner labeled former NSA contractor Edward Snowden a traitor after his leaks went public.

"I'm not qualified to debate the science over climate change", Boehner said at a press conference on May 29, 2014, at which he criticized proposed federal regulations on coal-fired power plants.

In 2011, Boehner opposed the NATO-led military intervention in Libya. In 2015, Boehner supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, saying: "I applaud the Saudis for taking this action to protect their homeland and to protect their own neighborhood."

Financial crisis

President Obama & John Boehner debt ceiling negotiations
Speaker Boehner meets with President Obama at the White House during the 2011 debt ceiling increase negotiations

On September 18, 2008, Congressman Boehner attended a closed meeting with congressional leaders, then-Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, and was urged to craft legislation to help financially troubled banks. That same day (trade effective the next day), Congressman Boehner cashed out of an equity mutual fund.

On October 3, 2008, Boehner voted in favor of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), believing that the enumerated powers grant Congress the authority to "purchase assets and equity from financial institutions in order to strengthen its financial sector."

Boehner has been highly critical of several initiatives by the Democratic Congress and President Barack Obama, including the "cap and trade" plan that Boehner says would hurt job growth in his congressional district and elsewhere. He opposed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and said that, if Republicans took control of the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections, they would do whatever it takes to stop the act. One option would be to defund the administrative aspect of the Act, not paying "one dime" to pay the salaries of the workers who would administer the plan. He also led an opposition to the 2009 stimulus and to Obama's first budget proposal, promoting instead an alternative economic recovery plan and a Republican budget (authored by Ranking Rep. Paul Ryan, R-WI). He has advocated for an across-the-board spending freeze, including entitlement programs. Boehner favors making changes in Social Security, such as by raising the retirement age to 70 for people who have at least 20 years until retirement, as well as tying cost-of-living increases to the consumer price index rather than wage inflation, and limiting payments to those who need them.


In 2013, Boehner led his caucus in a strategy to hold Defense spending hostage in order to avoid reducing the deficit with revenue increases.

As Republican House Leader, Boehner was a Democratic target for criticism of Republican views and political positions. In July 2010, President Barack Obama began singling out Boehner for criticism during his speeches. In one speech, Obama mentioned Boehner's name nine times, and accused him of believing that police, firefighters, and teachers were jobs "not worth saving".

Later career


Boehner made headlines in April 2016 when he referred to Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz as "Lucifer in the flesh" in an interview at Stanford University. On May 12, after Donald Trump became the presumptive Republican nominee, Boehner's support for him (while distancing himself from Trump on several policies) became public; he also expressed satisfaction with Cruz not securing the nomination: "Thank God the guy from Texas didn't win." On February 23, 2017, Boehner predicted Republicans would "fix" the Affordable Care Act and give it a different name as opposed to their stated intent to repeal and replace.

On August 17, 2020, a spokesperson for Boehner stated that he would not endorse either President Trump or Joe Biden for the 2020 United States presidential election, saying: "The answer is no. I think he'd rather set himself on fire than get involved in the election. Nothing to see here."

After the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol by a mob of Trump supporters, Boehner called on Republicans to "awaken", saying: "The invasion of our Capitol by a mob, incited by lies from some entrusted with power, is a disgrace to all who sacrificed to build our Republic." Boehner later congratulated Biden on his victory after the vote was certified. ..... Boehner said that Trump should "consider resigning" and that President Trump had "violated his oath of office to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."

Boehner's political memoir, entitled On the House: A Washington Memoir, was published by St. Martin's Press on April 13, 2021. Excerpts began appearing early in April. In this memoir, he lambasts Cruz, Michele Bachmann, Sean Hannity, Rush Limbaugh, and Trump. It also covers how the Tea Party movement led to the far-right Freedom Caucus, which forced him to retire, and then morphed into Trumpism. In response to the criticism he received in the book, Cruz threatened to burn Boehner’s book if his supporters could fulfil his “72-hour drive to raise $250,000” in campaign funds.

In spite of his critiques, Boehner confirmed he voted for Trump in the 2020 presidential election. Explaining his vote, he said: "At the end of the day, who gets nominated to the federal courts is really the most important thing a President does."


Boehner joined the board of tobacco company Reynolds American on September 15, 2016.



In reporting his pending retirement, Politico summarized his Speakership:

Boehner came into power on the momentum of the 2010 tea party wave. But it was that movement that gave him constant problems. He clashed with social conservatives over the debt limit, government funding, Obamacare and taxes. But his tenure will also be remembered for his complicated relationship with President Barack Obama. He and Obama tried – but repeatedly failed – to cut a deal on a sweeping fiscal agreement. But Boehner has had some significant victories, including the trade deal that Congress passed this year, and changes to entitlement programs.

Paul Kane in The Washington Post emphasizes how none of the "big deals" he sought were ever reached:

Boehner never landed the really big deal he craved. Not the $4 trillion tax-and-entitlement deal he reached for in 2011, not the repackaged version a year later and not the immigration overhaul he sought in 2014.

Furthermore, Kane argues, Boehner's persona alienated conservative Republicans who demanded more vigorous attacks on Obama and instead perceived, "a country club Republican who loved to play 18 holes of golf and drink merlot afterward while cutting deals. In an era of shouting and confrontation, on talk radio or cable TV, Boehner's easygoing style did not fit."

Personal life

Boehner and his wife Debbie were married in 1973, and lived in the Wetherington section of West Chester Township, Ohio. They have two daughters, Lindsay and Tricia.

On May 15, 2016, Boehner was awarded the Laetare Medal, considered the highest honor for American Catholics, by the University of Notre Dame. The medal was awarded to Joe Biden at the same time.


Electoral history

Congressional elections

  • Note: election numbers may not total 100% because of rounding.
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 99,955 61
Democratic Gregory Jolivette 63,584 39
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1992
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 176,362 74
Democratic Fred Sennet 62,033 26
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1994
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 148,338 100
write-in 87 0
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1996
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 165,815 70
Democratic Jeffrey Kitchen 61,515 26
Natural Law William Baker 8,613 4
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 1998
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 127,979 71
Democratic John W. Griffin 52,912 29
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2000
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 179,756 71
Democratic John G. Parks 66,293 26
libertarian Party (United States) David Shock 7,254 3
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2002
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 119,947 71
Democratic Jeff Hardenbrook 49,444 29
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2004
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 201,675 69
Democratic Jeff Hardenbrook 90,574 31
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2006
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 136,863 64
Democratic Mort Meier 77,640 36
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2008
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 202,063 68
Democratic Nicholas Van Stein 95,510 32
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2010
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 142,731 66
Democratic Justin Coussoule 65,883 30
Libertarian David Harlow 5,121 2
Constitution James Condit 3,701 2
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2012
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 246,378 99
Constitution James Condit 1,938 1
Ohio's 8th congressional district election, 2014
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner 126,539 67
Democratic Tom Poetter 51,534 27
Constitution James Condit 10,257 5

Speaker of the House selections

  • Note: selection numbers may not total 100% because of rounding.
2007 selection as Speaker – 110th Congress
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (CA 8) 233 54
Republican John Boehner (OH 8) 202 46
Total votes 435 100
Votes necessary 218 >50
2009 selection as Speaker – 111th Congress
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi* (CA 8) 255 54
Republican John Boehner (OH 8) 174 41
Total votes 429 100
Votes necessary 215 >50
2011 selection as Speaker – 112th Congress
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner (OH 8) 241 56
Democratic Nancy Pelosi* (CA 8) 173 40
Democratic Heath Shuler (NC 11) 11 3
Democratic John Lewis (GA 5) 2 0
Democratic Dennis Cardoza (CA 18) 1 0
Democratic Jim Costa (CA 20) 1 0
Democratic Jim Cooper (TN 5) 1 0
Democratic Steny Hoyer (MD 5) 1 0
Democratic Marcy Kaptur (OH 9) 1 0
Total votes 432 100
Votes necessary 217 >50
2013 selection as Speaker – 113th Congress
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* (OH 8) 220 52
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (CA 12) 192 45
Republican Eric Cantor (VA 7) 3 1
Democratic Jim Cooper (TN 5) 2 0
Republican Allen West 2 0
Republican Justin Amash (MI 3) 1 0
Democratic John Dingell (MI 12) 1 0
Republican Jim Jordan (OH 4) 1 0
Republican Raúl Labrador (ID 1) 1 0
Democratic John Lewis (GA 5) 1 0
Republican Colin Powell 1 0
Republican David Walker 1 0
Total votes 426 100
Votes necessary 214 >50
2015 selection as Speaker (Regular) – 114th Congress
* denotes incumbent
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Boehner* (OH 8) 216 53
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (CA 12) 164 40
Republican Dan Webster (FL 10) 12 3
Republican Louie Gohmert (TX 1) 3 1
Republican Ted Yoho (FL 3) 2 3
Republican Jim Jordan (OH 4) 2 1
Republican Jeff Duncan (SC 3) 1 0
Republican Rand Paul 1 0
Republican Colin Powell 1 0
Republican Trey Gowdy (SC 4) 1 0
Republican Kevin McCarthy (CA 23) 1 0
Democratic Jim Cooper (TN 5) 1 0
Democratic Peter DeFazio (OR 4) 1 0
Republican Jeff Sessions 1 0
Democratic John Lewis (GA 5) 1 0
Total votes 408 100
Votes necessary 205 >50
  • Boehner received a majority of the votes cast, and thus won the selection, but failed to obtain a majority of the full membership (218).
Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Mary the Jewess
kids search engine
John Boehner Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.