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John Morrissey
JohnMorrisseyCriminal.jpg
John Morrissey, engraving, circa 1860
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1867 – March 4, 1871
Preceded by Nelson Taylor
Succeeded by William R. Roberts
Member of the New York Senate
from the 4th district
In office
January 1, 1878 – May 1, 1878
Preceded by James W. Gerard
Succeeded by Thomas Murphy
Member of the New York Senate
from the 4th district
In office
January 1, 1876 – December 31, 1877
Preceded by John Fox
Succeeded by Edward Hogan
Personal details
Born (1831-02-12)February 12, 1831
Templemore, County Tipperary, Ireland, U.K.
Died May 1, 1878(1878-05-01) (aged 47)
Saratoga Springs, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Susie Smith
Children John Morrissey, Jr
Occupation Boxer, Gang leader, and Politician

John Morrissey (February 12, 1831 – May 1, 1878), also known as Old Smoke, was an Irish American politician, bare-knuckle boxing champion and criminal.

He was born in 1831 in Ireland. His parents moved to New York State when he was a young child. In the early 1850s he went to San Francisco at the time of the California Gold Rush. In California he became a bare-knuckle boxer and on his return to New York, he challenged and defeated "Yankee Sullivan", who was then recognized as the American boxing champion. He became a professional gambler, owning gambling houses in New York City in the 1850s and 1860s. He emerged as a powerful politician and a U.S. Congressman from New York, between 1867 and 1871, backed by Tammany Hall. However, he later fell out with the Tammany Hall political machine and became Democratic State Senator for New York between 1876 and 1878, running as an anti-Tammany candidate.

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