Kersti Kaljulaid facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Kaljulaid in 2018
|President of Estonia|
10 October 2016 – 11 October 2021
|Prime Minister||Taavi Rõivas
|Preceded by||Toomas Hendrik Ilves|
|Succeeded by||Alar Karis|
30 December 1969 |
|Pro Patria Union
|Relatives||Raimond Kaljulaid (half-brother)|
|Alma mater||University of Tartu|
Kersti Kaljulaid (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈkersti ˈkɑljuˈlɑi̯d]; born 30 December 1969) is an Estonian politician who served as the fifth president of Estonia between 2016 and 2021. She was also the first and only female head of state of Estonia since the country declared independence in 1918, as well as the youngest president, aged 46 at the time of her election.
Kaljulaid, a state official who at the time served as Estonia's representative in the European Court of Auditors, entered the 2016 Estonian presidential election race at the sixth round after five previous unsuccessful rounds. She was nominated on 30 September 2016 by the majority of parliamentary parties as a joint candidate for president, as the only official candidate for the sixth round. Kaljulaid was voted president on 3 October 2016, with 81 votes and 17 abstentions.
Early life and education
In 1987, Kaljulaid graduated from Tallinn Secondary School no. 44. During her studies there, she was a member of the Students' Scientific Association, specializing in ornithology. In 1992, she graduated from University of Tartu cum laude as a biologist. She is a member of Estonian female student corporation, Filiae Patriae. In 2001, she graduated from the University of Tartu with an MBA in business management. Her thesis was titled as "Riigi poolt asutatud sihtasutuste juhtimissüsteemi täiustamine" or "The improvement of the management system of state-founded foundations" in English.
From 1996 to 1997 Kaljulaid was a sales manager in state-owned telecom Eesti Telefon and from 1997 to 1998 a project manager in Hoiupanga Investeeringute AS. From 1998 to 1999 she was employed in Hansabank's investment banking division Hansabank Markets. From 1999 to 2002, Kaljulaid worked as the economic advisor of Estonian Prime Minister Mart Laar. From 2002 to 2004, she was the director of Iru Power Plant, a subsidiary of the state-owned energy company Eesti Energia. She was the first woman to lead a power plant in Estonia.
In 2004, when Estonia joined the European Union, Kaljulaid was appointed the country's representative at the European Court of Auditors. Since 2011, Kaljulaid has been the chairperson of the board of the University of Tartu.
In 2017, Kaljulaid became the first Estonian to be featured in the Forbes magazine's list of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women, placed at 78th, and came twenty second among the most influential female political leaders.
Kaljulaid has a daughter and a son from her first marriage. She is also a grandmother of three. Kaljulaid's second husband is Georgi-Rene Maksimovski; they have two sons. Kaljulaid's half-brother is politician and member of parliament Raimond Kaljulaid.
Besides Estonian, Kaljulaid is fluent in English, Finnish, French and to a certain extent, Russian.
- Grand Master and Collar of the Order of the National Coat of Arms (10 October 2016)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
- Grand Master of the Order of the White Star
- Grand Master of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle
- Grand Master of the Order of the Estonian Red Cross
- Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (26 May 2021)
- Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose, Finland (7 March 2017)
- Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Italy (5 June 2018)
- Commander Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of the Three Stars, Latvia (8 April 2019)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion, Netherlands (12 June 2018)
- Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry, Portugal (16 April 2019)
- Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania (16 June 2021)
- Recipient of the Order for Exceptional Merits, Slovenia (2 September 2019)
- Recipient of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 1st class (2021)
- In 2009, European Movement Estonia awarded Kaljulaid with the European of the Year title.
- In 2014, the Open Estonia Foundation awarded her the Award of Unity for her analyses and comments explaining the function of European Union for Estonian audiences.
- In 2020, the Estonian LGBT Association awarded her the Rainbow Hero Award (vikerkaarekangelase auhind), for her public support of the gay community in Estonia.
|Mary the Jewess|