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Mike Pence
Official White House portrait. Pence is smiling in front of an American flag. He wears a black suit, red tie, and an American flag lapel pin.
Official portrait, 2017
48th Vice President of the United States
In office
January 20, 2017 – January 20, 2021
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Joe Biden
Succeeded by Kamala Harris
50th Governor of Indiana
In office
January 14, 2013 – January 9, 2017
  • Sue Ellspermann
  • Eric Holcomb
Preceded by Mitch Daniels
Succeeded by Eric Holcomb
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by David M. McIntosh
Succeeded by Luke Messer
  • 2nd district (2001–2003)
  • 6th district (2003–2013)
Personal details
Michael Richard Pence

(1959-06-07) June 7, 1959 (age 64)
Columbus, Indiana, U.S.
Political party Republican (1983–present)
Other political
Democratic (1977–1983)
(m. 1985)
Children 3, including Charlotte
Relatives Greg Pence (brother)
Residences Carmel, Indiana, U.S.
  • Politician
  • lawyer
  • broadcaster

Michael Richard Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American politician and attorney. A member of the Republican Party, he was the 48th vice president of the United States from 2017 and 2021 under Donald Trump. Pence also served as the 50th governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. He also chaired the House Republican Conference from 2009 to 2011. Pence is a longtime supporter of the Tea Party movement.

On July 14, 2016, Donald Trump's campaign said that Pence would be Trump's choice for running mate in the 2016 presidential election. The Trump-Pence campaign went on to defeat the Clinton-Kaine campaign in the general election on November 8, 2016. Pence was inaugurated as Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017.

On November 7, 2020 the Trump-Pence campaign lost their re-election bid to former Vice President Joe Biden and U.S. Senator Kamala Harris following the 2020 election. After the election Trump falsely claimed the election was corrupt and wanted Pence to overturn the election results. Pence did not do this and voted to certify Biden as the winner on January 6, 2021 in the aftermath of the United States Capitol attack.

In June 2023, Pence announced his campaign for President of the United States in the 2024 election. He withdrew from the race on October 28, 2023.

Early life

Pence was born at Columbus Regional Hospital in Columbus, Indiana, He was one of six children of Nancy Jane (née Cawley) and Edward J. Pence, Jr. His family were Irish Catholic Democrats.

Pence graduated from Columbus North High School in 1977. He earned a B.A. in History from Hanover College in 1981 and a J.D. from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law in 1986.

After graduating from law school in 1986, Pence worked as an attorney in private practice. He continued to practice law following his second unsuccessful run for Congress.

U.S. House of Representatives (2001–2013)

In November 2000, Pence was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Indiana's 2nd Congressional District after six-year incumbent David M. McIntosh (1995–2001) opted to run for governor of Indiana.

Mike Pence 111th
Pence as a representative, 2009

On November 8, 2006, Pence announced his candidacy for leader of the Republican Party (minority leader) in the United States House of Representatives. Pence's release announcing his run for minority leader focused on a "return to the values" of the 1994 Republican Revolution. On November 17, Pence lost to Representative John Boehner of Ohio by a vote of 168–27–1 (the one vote went to Representative Joe Barton of Texas).

Pence served for a time as the chairman of the Republican Study Committee. His Committee assignments in the U.S. House included: Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Middle East and South Asia (Vice Chair); Judiciary, Subcommittee on the Constitution (Vice Chair), and Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet.

While in Congress, Pence belonged to the Tea Party Caucus. Pence also belonged to the Congressional Internet Caucus, International Conservation Caucus, and Sportsmen's Caucus.

After the November 2010 election, Pence announced that he would not run for re-election as the Republican Conference Chairman. On May 5, 2011, Pence announced that he would seek the Republican nomination for Governor of Indiana in 2012.

Governor of Indiana (2013–2017)

On November 6, 2012, Pence won the gubernatorial election, defeating Democratic nominee John R. Gregg and Libertarian nominee Rupert Boneham.

Mike Pence by Gage Skidmore
Governor Mike Pence speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on February 27, 2015

Pence became the 50th Governor of Indiana on January 14, 2013.

Pence made tax reform, namely a 10% income-tax rate cut, a priority for 2013.

On March 26, 2015, Pence signed Indiana Senate Bill 101, also known as the Indiana "religious objections" bill (RFRA), into law. The law's signing was met with widespread criticism by people and groups who felt the law was carefully worded in a way that would permit discrimination against LGBT persons.

As of March 2016, Pence has attempted unsuccessfully to prevent Syrian refugees from being resettled in Indiana.

Pence is running for a second term as governor. He was unopposed in the May 3, 2016, Republican primary for governor. He faces Democrat John Gregg, former Speaker of the Indiana House of Representatives, in a rematch of the 2012 race. Early reports on July 14 suggest Pence is likely to be announced as the VP candidate on July 15.

2016 vice presidential nomination

In July 2016, Trump said that there was three people on his running mate shortlist: Chris Christie, Newt Gingrich and Pence himself. On July 14, 2016, it was reported that Trump selected Pence as his running mate. On July 15, 2016, Trump announced on his Twitter that Pence would be his running mate. He made a formal announcement in New York City on July 16, 2016.

Trump would go on to defeat Clinton in the general election making Pence the vice president-elect of the United States.

Vice President of the United States (2017–2021)

Pence was inaugurated as the 48th vice president of the United States after being sworn in by Associate Justice Clarence Thomas on January 20, 2017.

On January 27, 2017, Pence spoke at the March for Life in Washington D.C., becoming the first vice president and the highest ranking United States official to ever speak at the annual event.

Following the Trump-supporter storming of the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021 many politicians and lawyers wanted Pence to use the 25th amendment of the United States Constitution to remove Trump from office.

Despite Trump's wanting to overturn the election results, Pence, as President of the Senate certified the Biden–Harris ticket as the winner of the election. He was criticized by Trump and threatened with violence by some of Trump's supporters, especially during the U.S. Capitol attack, for not trying to overturn the election results.

Pence's term as vice president ended on January 20, 2021. He was replaced by Kamala Harris as vice president.

2024 presidential campaign

Since leaving office, Pence was speculated that he would run for president because of his criticisms of former President Donald Trump, especially over his handling of the Capitol riots. In June 2023, Pence filed paperwork to run for President of the United States in the 2024 election.

Pence withdrew from the race in a surprise announcement on October 28 at a meeting of the Republican Jewish Coalition in Las Vegas. Pence said regarding his campaign that “It’s become clear to me: This is not my time." Many of his primary opponents, (including Asa Hutchinson, Tim Scott, Ron DeSantis, Nikki Haley, Doug Burgum and Chris Christie) wished him well.

Personal life

Pence and his wife Karen Pence have been married since 1985. They have three children: Michael, Charlotte, and Audrey. Pence is a born-again Christian. His brother, Greg, is the member of the United States House of Representatives.

In May 2021, the Pences bought a home north of Indianapolis.

In April 2021, Pence had heart surgery to have a pacemaker implanted to help stop his slow heart rate.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Mike Pence para niños

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