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Kirkby-in-Ashfield
Larwood.jpg
Statue of Harold Larwood in Kirkby Market Place
Kirkby-in-Ashfield is located in Nottinghamshire
Kirkby-in-Ashfield
Kirkby-in-Ashfield
Population 25,265 
OS grid reference SK 50547 56054
District
  • Ashfield
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Nottingham
Postcode district NG17
Dialling code 01623
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
  • Ashfield
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
53°05′56″N 1°14′42″W / 53.099°N 1.245°W / 53.099; -1.245

Kirkby-in-Ashfield is a market town in the Ashfield District of Nottinghamshire, England. With a population of 25,265 (according to the 2001 National Census), it is a part of the wider Mansfield Urban Area. The Head Offices of Ashfield District Council are located on Urban Road in the town centre.

Overview

Kirkby-in-Ashfield lies on the eastern edge of the Erewash Valley which separates Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Kirkby, as it is locally known, was originally a Danish settlement (Kirk-by translates as 'Church Town' in Danish) and is a collection of small villages including Old Kirkby, The Folly (East Kirkby), Nuncargate and Kirkby Woodhouse. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book and has two main churches: St Wilfrid's, a Norman church, which was gutted by fire on 6 January 1907 but quickly re-built to its former glory; and St Thomas's, built in the early 1910s in neo-gothic style.

Kirkby-in-Ashfield was once an important centre of coal mining and railways in west Nottinghamshire, with three active coal mines and several railway junctions. The former Mansfield and Pinxton Railway from the Erewash Valley Line was joined here by the later Midland Railway line from Nottingham. The Great Central Railway main line passed to the south-west side of the town and had a double junction with the Great Northern Railway Leen Valley Extension line to Langwith Junction and the Mansfield Railway to Clipstone.

The town rapidly expanded during the Victorian era. However the closure of the coal mines in the 1980s and early 1990s led to a major slump in the local economy, and the area then suffered a high level of socio-economic depression.

Kirkby in Ashfield SHGrimm 005ADD000015544U00010000-SVC2-
'Kirkby in Ashfield education in the eighteenth century as drawn by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm.'
Kirkby-in-Ashfield East Station geograph-2190886
The now-closed Kirkby-in-Ashfield East railway station in 1963

The railways were closed during the Beeching era of the early 1960s when branch-line passenger services suffered widespread disruption, leaving the town without a link to central Nottingham and nearby Mansfield. The railway tracks were re-opened to passengers in the 1990s as part of the Robin Hood Line, providing links to other North Nottinghamshire towns and to Nottingham where a transport interchange allows transfer to the trams of Nottingham Express Transit system.

The town centre is undergoing a renovation during late 2014 and 2015 including the demolition of the old Co-Operative foodstore and county library with surrounding plaza, to be rebuilt with a central Morrisons store, and is progressively changing from a traditional mining town to a commuter town for the surrounding areas, however the transition from industrial centre to dormitory town is in its infancy and will take some years to develop.

The town has two large secondary schools, Ashfield School and Kirkby College.

Shopping Area, Kirkby in Ashfield - geograph.org.uk - 62905
Pedestrianised street, looking towards the market area

Local politics have been dominated by the Labour Party for much of the 20th century, however Ashfield attracted media attention in the late 1970s with a shock by-election win for the Conservatives. Since the 2010 General Election, the MP has been Gloria De Piero, best known for her work with GMTV. She took over from Geoff Hoon, one-time Secretary of State for Defence during the premiership of Tony Blair. She was elected with a very slim majority of 192 votes from the Liberal Democrats' Jason Zadrozny.

The town's most famous historical resident is Harold Larwood; the England cricketer who was born in Nuncargate in 1904, best known for his bodyline bowling in the Ashes Test series of 1932–33.

The area around St Wilfrid's Church is designated a conservation area,

On the edge of Kirkby[where?] is Portland Park (known to local people as "the quarries") a mixture of woodland and grassland areas which, together with a number of small ponds and streams, are home to a wide variety of wildlife. The visitor centre there was opened in October 1994, and is an environmentally friendly building and a centre of excellence for energy conservation.

The 1981 series of TV programmes 'Shillingbury Tales' were based on old Kirkby, as the writer Francis Essex's aunt lived nearby.

Places of interest

Education

The town has two large secondary schools, Ashfield School and Kirkby College.

Notable people

  • The Rev. Sir Richard Kaye, 6th Baronet FRS. Rector of Kirkby in Ashfield from 1765 to 1809 and Dean of Lincoln. Kaye employed Samuel Hieronymous Grimm to make a series of drawings of life in Ashfield in the late 18th century.
  • Oliver Hynd MBE – 2016 & 2012 Paralympic, Gold, Silver, Bronze medallist in swimming, younger brother of Sam Hynd
  • Sam Hynd – 2008 Paralympic, double gold medallist in swimming.
  • Enid Bakewell - English cricket player - inaugurated in the ICC Hall of Fame, considered one of the best all rounders in women's cricket
  • Harold Larwood – English cricket player – famous for the Ashes 'Bodyline Series'
  • Bill Voce – English cricket player – associated alongside Harold Larwood for the Ashes 'Bodyline Series'
  • Dave Thomas – former English footballer, played for Everton, Burnley and Queens Park Rangers.
  • Tom Naylor - English footballer, currently playing for Portsmouth FC. Formerly of Mansfield Town, Derby County, and Burton Albion.
  • Helen Cresswell – English television scriptwriter and author was born in the town in 1934.
  • Joe Hardstaff (RAF officer) First Class Cricketer.
  • Henry Ely Shacklock Pioneer in Coal Ranges.
  • Carl Toms OBE Costume Designer.
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