Konstantin von Neurath facts for kids

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Konstantin von Neurath
Bundesarchiv N 1310 Bild-135, Konstantin von Neurath.jpg
Reichsprotektor von Neurath, 1939
Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
In office
1 June 1932 – 4 February 1938
President Paul von Hindenburg (1932-1934)
Adolf Hitler (1934-1938)
Chancellor Franz von Papen (1932)
Kurt von Schleicher (1932-1933)
Adolf Hitler (1933-1938)
Preceded by Heinrich Brüning
Succeeded by Joachim von Ribbentrop
Protector of Bohemia and Moravia
In office
21 March 1939 – 24 August 1943
Appointed by Adolf Hitler
Preceded by New post
Succeeded by Reinhard Heydrich (de facto from 29 September 1941)
Wilhelm Frick (de iure)
Personal details
Born (1873-02-02)2 February 1873
Kleinglattbach
German Empire
Died 14 August 1956(1956-08-14) (aged 83)
Enzweihingen
West Germany
Political party Independent (1932-1937)
Nazi (1937-1945)
Signature

Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath (2 February 1873 in Vaihingen – 14 August 1956 in Vaihingen) was a German politician, diplomat and a member of the Reichstag. He was the Foreign minister of Germany between 1932 and 1938.

In those early years of Adolf Hitler's regime, Neurath played an important role in the foreign policy. He helped the Nazi dictator to get around the Treaty of Versailles. He also helped in the territorial expansion before World War II.

In September 1941, Hitler decided that Neurath's rule was too lenient, and stripped him of his day-to-day powers. Joachim von Ribbentrop was named as his deputy, but in truth held the real power. Heydrich was assassinated in 1942 and succeeded by Kurt Daluege.

Neurath officially remained as Reichsprotektor through this time. He tried to resign in 1941, but his resignation was not accepted until August 1943, when he was succeeded by the former Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick. In June of that year he had been raised to the rank of an SS-Obergruppenführer — equivalent to a three-star general.

Late in the war, Neurath had contacts with the German resistance.

He was one of the 24 accused at the Nuremberg Trials and was found guilty by the Allied powers and was sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment. Neurath was held as a war criminal in Spandau Prison until November 1954, when he was released in the wake of the Paris Conference, officially due to his ill health, as he had suffered a heart attack.

He retired to his family's estates in Enzweihingen, where he died two years later, aged 83.

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