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Kurnool
City Corporation
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal corporation
Area
 • City Corporation 69.51 km2 (26.84 sq mi)
Area rank 107
Elevation
274 m (899 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City Corporation 430,214
 • Rank 106th (India)
5th (Andhra Pradesh)
 • Density 6,189.2/km2 (16,030.1/sq mi)
 • Metro
484,327
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)

Kurnool is the headquarters of Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is often referred as The Gateway of Rayalaseema. It was the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956.

As of 2011 census, it is the fifth most populous city in the state with a population of 430,214.

The original name of Kurnool is found in historical records as Kandanavōlu or Kandanōlu. It used to be a crossing on the Tungabhadra River, where the bullock cart caravans are believed to have greased their wheels ("kandana" being a reference to grease).

History

Kurnool fort,AP - panoramio
Kurnool Fort

The Ketavaram rock paintings from the Paleolithic era and are (18 kilometres from Kurnool).

Also the Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta and Yaganti in Kurnool District have some important rock art and paintings in the vicinity which may be dated from 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

Belum Caves are geologically and historically important caves in the district. There are indications that Jain and Buddhist monks were occupying these caves centuries ago.

Many Buddhists relics were found inside the caves. These relics are now housed in Museum at Ananthapur. Archaeological survey of India (ASI) found remnants of vessels and other artifacts of pre-Buddhist era and has dated the remnants of vessels found in the caves to 4500 BC.

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