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Lawrence, Indiana
City of Lawrence.jpg
Flag of Lawrence, Indiana
Flag
Location of Lawrence in Marion County, Indiana.
Location of Lawrence in Marion County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Marion
Area
 • Total 20.25 sq mi (52.43 km2)
 • Land 20.15 sq mi (52.18 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
Elevation
873 ft (266 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 49,370
 • Density 2,450.37/sq mi (946.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
46216, 46226, 46236
Area code(s) 317, 463
FIPS code 18-42426
GNIS feature ID 0437666
Lawerence, Indiana post office
United States Post Office in Lawrence
Lawrence Government building
Building housing government offices in Lawrence

Lawrence is a city in Marion County, Indiana, United States. It is one of four "excluded cities" in Marion County. The city is home to Fort Benjamin Harrison within Fort Harrison State Park. The population was 46,001 at the 2010 census. The city is on the northeast side of Indianapolis and is currently growing at twice the rate of the rest of Indiana.

History

In 1849, Lawrence was originally platted with the name Lanesville. Because there was already another Lanesville in Indiana, the town was soon renamed after Lawrence Township.

Geography

Lawrence is located at 39°51′46″N 85°59′39″W / 39.86278°N 85.99417°W / 39.86278; -85.99417 (39.862739, −85.994264).

According to the 2010 census, Lawrence has a total area of 20.24 square miles (52.42 km2), of which 20.13 square miles (52.14 km2) (or 99.46%) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) (or 0.54%) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Lawrence has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 253
1930 840
1940 1,087 29.4%
1950 1,951 79.5%
1960 10,103 417.8%
1970 16,353 61.9%
1980 25,591 56.5%
1990 26,763 4.6%
2000 38,915 45.4%
2010 46,001 18.2%
2020 49,370 7.3%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,001 people, 17,864 households, and 11,949 families in the city. The population density was 2,285.2 inhabitants per square mile (882.3/km2). There were 19,515 housing units at an average density of 969.4 per square mile (374.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.2% White, 25.8% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.2%.

Of the 17,864 households 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.6% of households were one person and 8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age was 34.2 years. 28.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 9.6% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

The median household income was $54,254 in Lawrence compared to the state median of $48,393. Roughly 31% of Lawrence residents have a bachelor's degree compared to 22.7% of all Indiana residents.

Education

The Lawrence Township school district is the ninth largest and one of the fastest growing districts in the state. It operates four Early Learning Centers, eleven elementary magnet schools (grades 1–6), two middle schools (grades 7–8), two high schools (Lawrence Central and Lawrence North), a center for innovation and technology, and an alternative setting high school. In the 2018–2019 academic year there were 16,035 students with a high school graduation rate of 92.7%. Lawrence Township schools offer high ability programs, Advanced Placement (AP and ACP), International Baccalaureate Program, vocational and career education programs, and bilingual programs. The district holds 45 state championships and 5 national titles in various inter-curricular competitions. Those titles include championships in basketball (Lawrence North - 2006) and marching band (Lawrence Central -1998, 2001 and 2004). The diversity makeup of the district is .05% American Indian, 23.5% White, 45.3% Black, 6.9% Multiracial, 1.1% Asian, .05% Pacific Islander, and 23.1% Hispanic, as of the 2017–18 school year. Lawrence also has a public library, a branch of the Indianapolis Public Library.

Notable residents

  • Mike Conley, basketball player
  • Greg Oden, basketball player
  • John Slagle, baseball player
  • Forrest Landis, actor
  • Pat McAfee, sports radio host, All-Pro NFL Punter for the Indianapolis Colts
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