List of Governors of Idaho facts for kids
|Governor of Idaho|
Seal of the State of Idaho
|Residence||The Idaho House|
|Term length||Four years, no term limit|
|Inaugural holder||George L. Shoup|
|Formation||July 3, 1890|
The Governor of Idaho is the head of the executive branch of Idaho's state government and commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the duty to see state laws are executed, power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Idaho Legislature.
Idaho Territory had 16 territorial governors appointed by the President of the United States from the territory's organization in 1863 until the formation of the state of Idaho in 1890. Four of these never took office, resigning before reaching the territory.
Thirty individuals have held the office of governor of Idaho since the state's admission to the Union in 1890, two of whom—C. A. Bottolfsen and Cecil D. Andrus—served non-consecutive terms. The state's first governor, George Laird Shoup, had the shortest term of three months, and Cecil D. Andrus served as governor the longest at 14 years. Four governors resigned, but none has died while in office. There have been 20 Republican and 12 Democratic governors. The current governor is C. L. "Butch" Otter, who took office on January 1, 2007.
Other high offices held
Sixteen of Idaho's governors have served higher federal offices or as governors of other states. Nine have served in the U.S. Senate, eight of those representing Idaho, and three have served in the U.S. House, one representing Idaho, one New York, and one the territories of Idaho and Washington. Idaho shares a governor with Arizona Territory, and one was appointed to Washington Territory but never took office. Two governors have been U.S. Secretaries of the Interior, and one served as ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. Six governors (marked with *) resigned to take a new office, including both territorial delegates, both Secretaries of the Interior, and two senators.
In addition, two people who were appointed governor of Idaho Territory but never took office held other high offices. Gilman Marston, appointed governor in 1870, was a representative and senator from New Hampshire, and John Philo Hoyt, appointed in 1878, was Governor of Arizona Territory.
All representatives and senators mentioned represented Idaho except where noted.
|Other offices held||Sources|
|William H. Wallace||1863–1864||Appointed Governor of Washington Territory,
but did not take office (1861),
Delegate from Washington Territory (1861–1863),
Delegate from Idaho Territory* (1864–1865)
|Caleb Lyon||1864–1866||Representative from New York (1853–1855)|
|Thomas M. Bowen||1871||Senator from Colorado (1883–1889)|
|Thomas W. Bennett||1871–1875||Delegate from Idaho Territory* (1875–1876)|
|David P. Thompson||1875–1876||Minister to the Ottoman Empire (1892–1893)|
|John N. Irwin||1883||Governor of Arizona Territory (1890–1892)|
|George Laird Shoup||1889–1890||Senator* (1890–1901)|
|William J. McConnell||1893–1897||Senator (1890–1891)|
|Frank R. Gooding||1905–1909||Senator (1921–1928)|
|James H. Brady||1909–1911||Senator (1913–1918)|
|Charles C. Gossett||1945||Senator* (1945–1946)|
|Leonard B. Jordan||1951–1955||Senator (1962–1973)|
|Cecil D. Andrus||1971–1977
|Secretary of the Interior* (1977–1981)|
|Dirk Kempthorne||1999–2006||Senator (1993–1999),
Secretary of the Interior* (2006–2009)
|Jim Risch||2006–2007||Senator (2009–present)|
|C.L. "Butch" Otter||2007–present||Representative (2001–2007)|
List of Governors of Idaho Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.