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Gilman Marston
Gilman Marston - Brady-Handy.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Hampshire's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1863
March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867
Preceded by James Pike
Daniel Marcy
Succeeded by Daniel Marcy
Jacob Hart Ela
United States Senator from
New Hampshire
In office
March 4, 1889 – June 18, 1889
Preceded by William E. Chandler
Succeeded by William E. Chandler
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born (1811-08-20)August 20, 1811
Orford, New Hampshire
Died July 3, 1890(1890-07-03) (aged 78)
Exeter, New Hampshire
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Alma mater Dartmouth College
Harvard University
Occupation Soldier, politician
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Branch/service United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861 - 1865
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier general
Commands 2nd New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Gilman Marston (August 20, 1811 – July 3, 1890) was a United States Representative, Senator, and United States Army general from New Hampshire.

Early life

Marston was born in Orford, New Hampshire. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1837 and from the law department of Harvard University in 1840. He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1841 and was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1845 to 1849. He was a delegate to the State constitutional convention of 1850.

Marston was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1863). He was a strong supporter of President Abraham Lincoln and the war effort.

Civil War

Marston served in the Union Army during the Civil War. He first saw combat as colonel of the 2nd New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry during the First Battle of Bull Run in July 1861. His arm was shattered, but he refused an amputation. After he recovered, he fought in the Peninsula Campaign, Second Battle of Bull Run, and Battle of Fredericksburg.

He was promoted to brigadier general of U.S. volunteers, effective November 29, 1862. Prior to the Chancellorsville campaign, he was relieved from duty with the Army of the Potomac and assigned to the defenses of Washington where he returned to his seat in Congress. After Gettysburg, Marston was directed to establish a prison camp in Maryland, which later became known as Point Lookout. The area was designated the District of Saint Mary's under the overall command of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler. In 1864, he commanded a brigade in Maj. Gen. W.F. "Baldy" Smith's XVIII Corps during the Bermuda Hundred Campaign. He took part in a disastrous assault on Cold Harbor, where his brigade suffered heavy casualties. During the Union assaults on Petersburg, Gilman assumed command of the 1st Division in the XVIII Corps on the last day of battle. Thereafter he commanded the Union troops on the north side of the James River with his headquarters located at Fort Pocahontas. Occasionally he returned to command of the 1st Division, including a brief stint during the Second Battle of Fair Oaks. Having been re-elected to Congress he resigned 1865, whereupon he received the thanks of the state of New Hampshire.

U.S. Congress

He was elected to the Thirty-ninth Congress (March 4, 1865–March 3, 1867) and in 1870 declined the Governorship of Idaho Territory. In 1872, 1873, and 1876 to 1878, he was again a member of the State house of representatives. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1876 to the Forty-fifth Congress and was a delegate to the State constitutional convention of 1876.

On March 4, 1889, Marston was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy in the term commencing on that date and served until June 18, 1889, when a successor was elected. He died in Exeter in 1890; interment was in Exeter Cemetery.

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