Liverpool West Derby (UK Parliament constituency) facts for kids

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Type: House of Commons
County: [[{{{County}}}]]
EP constituency: [[{{{EP}}} (European Parliament constituency)|{{{EP}}}]]

Liverpool, West Derby is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stephen Twigg of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.

Boundaries

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Liverpool ward of West Derby.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Breckfield, and West Derby.

1950-1955: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Croxteth and West Derby.

1955-1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Clubmoor, Croxteth, Dovecot, and Gillmoss.

1983-1997: The City of Liverpool wards of Clubmoor, Croxteth, Dovecot, Gillmoss, and Pirrie.

1997-2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Clubmoor, Croxteth, Dovecot, Gillmoss, Pirrie, and Tuebrook.

2010-present: The City of Liverpool wards of Croxteth, Knotty Ash, Norris Green, Tuebrook and Stoneycroft, West Derby, and Yew Tree.

The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool and covers the northeast of the city, including Croxteth, Gillmoss, Knotty Ash, Norris Green, Tuebrook, and Stoneycroft as well as West Derby itself.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Merseyside, the Boundary Commission created a modified West Derby constituency, which was fought at the 2010 general election.

Their initial proposal to create a cross-border "Croxteth and Kirkby" constituency (which would have contained electoral wards from Knowsley borough, as well as from Liverpool) was dropped on its public consultation.

History

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and can be considered a safe seat from 1964 to date for the Labour Party, their candidates having been victorious in every general election since then. However, in the early 1980s it was briefly held by the Social Democratic Party as a result of the sitting Labour MP Eric Ogden being among many defectors. Labour regained the seat at the 1983 general election, when Bob Wareing was first elected.

Before 1964, it was held by the Conservatives, although their share of the vote has declined considerably; so much so that in four recent general elections, they have finished in fourth place, however they placed third in 2015.

In the general elections of 1997 and 2001, the seat was the only constituency in England in which a minor party came second, the continuing Liberal Party (after the Liberal-SDP merger) who had all three local councillors for one electoral ward in the area. In the 2005 election, however, the Liberals were pushed into third place by the Liberal Democrats and fell to fourth in 2015, with UKIP taking second place.

Sir F E Smith

Sir Frederick Edwin Smith, then Solicitor-General in the David Lloyd George Coalition Government, was returned for West Derby in the General Election of December 1918 when constituency reorganisation abolished his former neighbouring Walton seat. He sat for only two months, being promoted Lord Chancellor and raised to the peerage as Lord Birkenhead in February 1919. He was the first of two MPs for this seat to achieve the highest legal office.

David Maxwell Fyfe

Maxwell Fyfe, KC, MP from 1935-54 (including World War II) became the highest judge in the country, the Lord Chancellor, having been the Attorney General and Solicitor General for England and Wales. He helped to co-write the European Convention on Human Rights and was one of the key prosecutors at the Nuremberg Trials jointly with the (Labour-member) prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross. At this task was a "capable lawyer, efficient administrator and concerned housemaster". There were misgivings in some quarters as to how Fyfe would perform, cross-examination not being regarded as one of his strengths. However his cross-examination of Hermann Göring is one of the most noted cross-examinations in history."Faced with sustained and methodical competence rather than brilliance, Goering ... crumbled".

Stephen Twigg

Stephen Twigg ousted Michael Portillo in the normally right-leaning Enfield, Southgate and served it from 1997 until the 2005 election, briefly serving as schools minister before that election, which he lost, before five years later standing for this normally left-leaning seat in Liverpool.

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2015: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
[[Labour Co-operative|Template:Labour Co-operative/meta/shortname]] Stephen Twigg 30,842 75.2 +11.0
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Neil Miney 3,475 8.5 +5.4
Conservative Ed McRandal 2,710 6.6 −2.6
[[Liberal Party (UK, 1989)|Template:Liberal Party (UK, 1989)/meta/shortname]] Steve Radford 2,049 5.0 −4.3
Green Rebecca Lawson 996 2.4 N/A
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Paul Twigger 959 2.3 −10.2
Majority 27,367 66.7 +16.1
Turnout 41,031 64.2 +7.5
[[Labour Co-operative|Template:Labour Co-operative/meta/shortname]] hold Swing −2.8
General Election 2010: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
[[Labour Co-operative|Template:Labour Co-operative/meta/shortname]] Stephen Twigg 22,953 64.1 +3.6
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Paul Twigger 4,486 12.5 −2.7
[[Liberal Party (UK, 1989)|Template:Liberal Party (UK, 1989)/meta/shortname]] Steve Radford 3,327 9.3 −2.5
Conservative Pamela Hall 3,311 9.3 +1.1
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Hilary Jones 1,093 3.1 +1.1
style="background-color: Template:Socialist Labour Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Socialist Labour Party (UK)|Template:Socialist Labour Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Kai Anderson 614 1.7 −0.6
Majority 18,467 50.6
Turnout 35,784 56.7 +11.0
[[Labour Co-operative|Template:Labour Co-operative/meta/shortname]] hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Wareing 19,140 62.83 −3.4
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Patrick Moloney 3,915 12.85 +2.0
[[Liberal Party (UK, 1989)|Template:Liberal Party (UK, 1989)/meta/shortname]] Steve Radford 3,606 11.84 −3.1
Conservative Peter Garrett 2,567 8.4 +0.4
style="background-color: Template:Socialist Labour Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Socialist Labour Party (UK)|Template:Socialist Labour Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Kai Anderson 698 2.3 N/A
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Peter Baden 538 1.8 N/A
Majority 15,225 50.0 −1.3
Turnout 30,464 47.2 +1.7
Labour hold Swing −2.7
General Election 2001: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Wareing 20,454 66.2 −5.0
[[Liberal Party (UK, 1989)|Template:Liberal Party (UK, 1989)/meta/shortname]] Steve Radford 4,601 14.9 +5.0
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Patrick Moloney 3,366 10.9 +1.9
Conservative William Clare 2,486 8.0 −0.7
Majority 15,853 51.3
Turnout 30,907
Labour hold Swing −5.0

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Wareing 30,002 71.2 +3.0
[[Liberal Party (UK, 1989)|Template:Liberal Party (UK, 1989)/meta/shortname]] Steve Radford 4,037 9.6 +7.0
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Ann Hines 3,805 9.0 −3.2
Conservative Neil C. Morgan 3,656 8.7 −7.9
style="background-color: Template:Referendum Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Referendum Party|Template:Referendum Party/meta/shortname]] Peter R. Forrest 657 1.6 N/A
Majority 25,965 61.6
Turnout 42,157 61.3
Labour hold Swing −2.0
General Election 1992: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Wareing 27,014 68.2 +2.9
Conservative Stephen Fitzsimmons 6,589 16.6 −2.6
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Gillian Sarah Bundred 4,838 12.2 −3.3
[[Liberal Party (UK, 1989)|Template:Liberal Party (UK, 1989)/meta/shortname]] Derek Curtis 1,021 2.6 N/A
Natural Law Christopher John Higgins 154 0.4 N/A
Majority 20,425 51.6 +5.5
Turnout 39,616 69.8 −3.6
Labour hold Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Wareing 29,021 65.3 +10.8
Conservative John Edwin Backhouse 8,525 19.2 −8.3
[[Social Democratic Party (UK)|Template:Social Democratic Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Malcolm Ferguson 6,897 15.5 −2.5
Majority 20,496 46.1
Turnout 44,443 73.4
Labour hold Swing +9.6
General Election 1983: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Wareing 23,905 54.5
Conservative William M. Trelawney 12,062 27.5
[[Social Democratic Party (UK)|Template:Social Democratic Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Eric Ogden 7,871 18.0
Majority 11,843 27.0
Turnout 43,838 69.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Ogden 22,576 55.5 −5.0
Conservative D P M Hudson 14,356 35.3 +6.4
Liberal A Humphreys 3,765 9.3 −1.4
Majority 8,220 20.2 −11.4
Turnout 40,697
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Ogden 23,964 60.48 +5.8
Conservative J Last 11,445 28.88 −1.8
Liberal R Ousby 4,215 10.64 −3.1
Majority 12,519 31.6 +7.6
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Ogden 22,689 54.68 −2.6
Conservative J Last 12,716 30.65 −12.0
Liberal P. Gilchrist 5,701 13.74 N/A
style="background-color: Template:PEOPLE Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[PEOPLE Party|Template:PEOPLE Party/meta/shortname]] D. Pascoe 388 0.94 N/A
Majority 9,973 24.0 +9.4
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Ogden 22,324 57.3 +0.44
Conservative Michael Anthony Latham 16,619 42.7 −0.4
Majority 5,705 14.65 +0.88
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1966: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Ogden 19,988 56.9 +2.2
Conservative Peter Wynford Innes Rees 15,150 43.12 -2.20
Majority 4,838 13.77 +4.42
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Ogden 21,134 54.7 +8.66
Conservative John Victor Woollam 17,519 45.3 -8.66
Majority 3,615 9.35 1.43
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Victor Woollam 22,719 53.96 +0.70
Labour Aubrey Paxton 19,386 46.04 -0.70
Majority 3,333 7.92 +1.41
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Victor Woollam 21,124 53.26 +1.34
[[Labour Co-operative|Template:Labour Co-operative/meta/shortname]] Cyril Rawlett Fenton 18,540 46.74 -1.34
Majority 2,584 6.51 +2.67
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1954
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Victor Woollam 21,158 53.15 +1.54
[[Labour Co-operative|Template:Labour Co-operative/meta/shortname]] Cyril Rawlett Fenton 18,650 46.85 -1.54
Majority 2,508 6.30 +3.09
Turnout 39,808 58.9
Conservative hold Swing
David Maxwell Fyfe
David Maxwell Fyfe
General Election 1951: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Maxwell Fyfe 27,441 51.61
Labour Lewis C. Edwards 25,734 48.39
Majority 1,707 3.21
Turnout 80.32
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Maxwell Fyfe 27,449 51.92 -2.35
Labour Bertie Kirby 25,417 48.08 -2.35
Majority 2,032 3.84 -4.69
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Maxwell Fyfe 21,798 54.27
Labour Richard Lewis 18,370 45.73
Majority 3,428 8.53
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1935: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Maxwell Fyfe 21,196 58.35
Labour James Haworth 10,218 28.13
Liberal D.K. Mitchell 4,911 13.52
Majority 10,978 30.22
Turnout 62.60
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Sandeman Allen 32,202 78.01
Labour Joseph Jackson Cleary 9,077 21.99
Majority 23,125 56.02
Turnout 74.04
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1929: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Sir John Sandeman Allen 16,794 42.7 -9.8
Labour William Harvey Moore 14,124 36.0 +6.4
Liberal Arthur Probyn Jones 8,368 21.3 +3.4
Majority 2,670 6.7 -16.2
Turnout 73.1 -4.1
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] hold Swing -8.1
General Election 1924: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] John Sandeman Allen 15,667 52.5 +6.7
Labour Thomas Gallon Adams 8,807 29.6 n/a
Liberal Charles Sydney Jones 5,321 17.9 -36.3
Majority
Turnout 77.2
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Sydney Jones 12,942 54.2 n/a
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Sir William Reginald Hall 10,952 45.8 -24.7
Majority 1,990 8.4 49.4
Turnout 63.5 -1.5
Liberal gain from [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] William Reginald Hall 16,179
Labour David Rowland Williams 6,785
Majority
Turnout
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s

Admiral Reginald Hall, 1919
William Reginald Hall
Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1919
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] *Sir William Reginald Hall 6,062 56.5 -10.9
Labour George Nelson 4,670 43.5 +10.9
Majority 1,392 13.0 -21.8
Turnout 10,732 34.3 -20.8
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] hold Swing -10.9
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government
1stEarlOfBirkenhead
F.E. Smith
1918 General Election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] *Rt Hon. Sir Frederick Edwin Smith 11,622 67.4 N/A
Labour George Nelson 5,618 32.6 N/A
Majority 6,004 34.8 N/A
Turnout 17,240 55.1
style="background-color: Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/color" | [[Unionist Party (UK)|Template:Unionist Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] hold Swing N/A
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1900s

Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1903
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rutherford 5,455
Liberal R. D. Holt 5,251
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
1900 General Election: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative S W Higginbottom Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s

1895 General Election: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Hume Long 4,622
Liberal Oscar Browning 1,686
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1893
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Hume Long 3,632
Liberal D. Shilton Collin 2,275
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
1892 General Election: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Cross 4,107
Liberal F R Smith 2,925
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s

Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1888
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Cross Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
1886 General Election: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Claud Hamilton 3,804
Liberal Serjt Hemphill 2,244
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
1885 General Election: Liverpool West Derby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Claud Hamilton 4,213
Liberal M Guthrie 3,068
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Liverpool West Derby (UK Parliament constituency) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.