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Lowndesboro, Alabama
Town
The Will Stone Store, (Est. 1820) in Lowndesboro.
The Will Stone Store, (Est. 1820) in Lowndesboro.
Location in Lowndes County and the state of Alabama
Location in Lowndes County and the state of Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Lowndes
Area
 • Total 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 404 ft (123 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 115
 • Density 175/sq mi (66.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36752
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-44536
GNIS feature ID 0163936

Lowndesboro is a town in Lowndes County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 115, down from 140 in 2000. It is part of the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area. Although initially incorporated in 1856 by an act of the state legislature, it lapsed and was not reincorporated until 1962.

As of the 2000 and 2010 U.S. Censuses, Lowndesboro, along with Benton, are the only two towns (out of 7) in Lowndes County with a white majority of residents. Both are the 6th (Lowndesboro) and 7th (Benton) smallest communities.

History

Originally known as McGill's Hill, the community began attracting settlers following the conclusion of the Creek War. In 1832, the residents changed the name to Lowndesboro in honor of U.S. Congressman William Lowndes, the son of Rawlins Lowndes, an early South Carolina governor.

With its proximity to the Alabama River, the community had grown into a prosperous town by the 1830s. Many wealthy planters settled in the area, leaving a legacy of historic mid-19th-century architecture that largely survived intact into the modern era. A brief skirmish was fought at Lowndesboro in April 1865 between a group of Confederate cavalry and advance troops of the Union Army during Wilson's Raid. Federal troops occupied the town after driving off the Confederate force, with very little destruction noted from the occupation, thus preserving many of the antebellum houses and structures in the Lowndesboro Historic District.

Like many small Southern communities with an economy based on cotton production and trade, Lowndesboro declined rapidly in the post-war years. At least partially attributed to this decline was the survival of much of the pre-war architecture into the 20th century, making it a unique assemblage of 19th-century architecture. Today much of the town is included in the Lowndesboro Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Dicksonia Plantation ruins are also a notable place of interest.

In 1966 a number of Lowndes County African-American families were evicted from their homes in retaliation for their participation in the movement. Twenty of these families set up a tent city outside of Lowndesboro rather than flee the area.

Geography

Lowndesboro is located at 32°16′23″N 86°36′36″W / 32.27306°N 86.61°W / 32.27306; -86.61 (32.273118, -86.609915).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 500
1880 472
1970 219
1980 207 −5.5%
1990 139 −32.9%
2000 140 0.7%
2010 115 −17.9%
Est. 2015 107 −7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

Lowndesboro (also known as Lowndesborough in the 19th century) appeared on the 1850 and 1880 U.S. Census records (and acknowledged in the 1890 records, but not separately returned). It did not appear again until 1970. In 1880, it was the largest town in the county with 472 residents, ahead of Fort Deposit (350) and White Hall (168), the only two other communities separately returned.

As of the census of 2000, there were 140 people, 58 households, and 40 families residing in the town. The population density was 176.0 people per square mile (67.6/km²). There were 62 housing units at an average density of 77.9 per square mile (29.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.43% White, 25.00% Black or African American, 1.43% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 3.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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